Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Transgender Population within Cultures


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Transgender Population within Cultures

  1. 1. The Transgender Population Within Cultures Created by Alix Rich
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Transgender first appeared in ancient cultures. But with the rise of Judeo-Christianity gender identity became a concept that was either male or female, a third sex was not acknowledged. </li></ul><ul><li>There has been a lot of confusion to what gender, sex, and sexuality really is and who defines it. Gender identity is a person’s own experience and in the end is their own definition to who they are. </li></ul><ul><li>Now today, the transgender and intersex population has a louder voice and is being understood and incorporated into cultures and societies around the world. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Sex and Gender? <ul><li>Sex is the concept in which when you are born the doctor says “it’s a girl or it’s a boy” based on your genitals. This labeling of what sex is one that is seen through a western Judeo-Christian lens. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender does not involve who you are biologically but rather defines a person based on who they feel they are as a person, a man or a woman. </li></ul>But wait there is one more symbol we are missing…
  4. 4. Defining Transgender, Transsexuality and Intersex <ul><li>Transgender is defined as having a gender identity that is different from the sex you were born with. </li></ul><ul><li>For example some are born in a male’s body but feel like a woman on the inside. They dress and act as that person they feel they are on the inside. Sometimes they use hormones undergo surgery to help fully feel like the person they are. </li></ul><ul><li>Transsexuality fits into the same definition as Transgender </li></ul><ul><li>Intersex means that a person is born with genitals that aren’t just male or female. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Determining the Sex of a Newborn Baby <ul><li>In Tarynn Witten’s article “Transgender and Transsexuality,” brings up the concept of the doctor just choosing whatever sex seems appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>Labeling an intersex baby before the child is able to fully develop into who they are is considered being incredibly harmful and confusing for the child as they grow up unsure of who they really are. </li></ul><ul><li>65,000 babies born every year that are intersex (p.217) </li></ul><ul><li>Every day in the United States, there are at least 5 surgeries that happen that are changing a person’s sex or non-dominant genitalia. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sex Reassignment Surgery <ul><li>3-9 million people in the U.S. have had sex reassignment surgery </li></ul><ul><li>More people have surgery from a female body to a male body </li></ul><ul><li>In France, there is a waitlist up to 5 years to have sex reassignment surgery </li></ul>
  7. 7. Transgender Community of Sweden <ul><li>1972 was the year in which Sweden pass a legislation concerning the regulation of sex reassignment surgery and what everything that entailed the person to becoming a new sex. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to have the surgery, one must apply to the National Board of Health and Welfare to be diagnosed as a transsexual and soon after they are capable of having a publicly financed surgery. </li></ul><ul><li>With more of an awareness of the transgenderism in Sweden, it is thought to that the rest of the population are more accepting toward transgenderism. </li></ul><ul><li>there are more sex reassignment surgeries from male to female (MTF) </li></ul><ul><li>MTF seems to be older than female to male (FTM), were less likely involved in dressing like the opposite sex, more suicide attempts and were participated in more heterosexual relationships. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The United Kingdom and being Transgender <ul><li>In 1940’s, UK surgeon Sir Harold Gillies was one of the first surgeons to start doing sex reassignment surgery. His first two patients were a transman Michael Dillon and a transwoman Roberta Cowell. </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1960’s in London at the Charing Cross Hospital, psychiatrist John Randell created the first “gender identity clinic” </li></ul><ul><li>The Transgender population is heavily part of the UK’s immediate population. Transgenderism is portrayed in soap operas such as Coronation Street and the character Hayley is a MTF transgender </li></ul><ul><li>There is a lot of media coverage involving cross dressing in the UK. </li></ul>Eddie Izzard Michael Dillon Roberta Cowell
  9. 9. The United Kingdom and being Transgender <ul><li>There is one issues concerning UK’s legal system and that is once someone undergoes sex reassignment surgery they are not permitted to change their birth certificate to state their new sex so this means that it is illegal to marry someone of their same sex. </li></ul><ul><li>For example April Ashley, a transwoman was still thought of as a man even though she underwent all the necessary steps to becoming a woman. </li></ul><ul><li>UK’s transgender community involves many people dedicated to helping create a place where transgender is part of everyday society. Many activist groups and support groups have been created. Some of these groups that started in the 1960’s are still running today like the Beaumont Society and FTM Network. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>April Ashley
  10. 10. April Ashley Interview on the BBC <ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=tjA9zdIYruU &NR=1 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Transgenderism in Portugal <ul><li>There is very little known about the transgender population in Portugal because of the countries lack of understanding to whom these people are </li></ul><ul><li>The country has developed myths to whom they think the transgender population are. For example Witten states one of the myths being that people think transgenders are prostitutes, strippers or act out in drag shows. </li></ul><ul><li>1984 was the year changing your gender identity became legal </li></ul><ul><li>In 1996 Portugal finally made sex reassignment surgery legal but in order to go through this surgery people needed the authorization from the Portugal Medical Order (PMO). Within the request to the PMO most are subjected to be analyzed by psychologists and psychiatrists first and this evaluation could take up to 2 years. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Transgenderism in Portugal <ul><li>In a recent study, researchers were able to find 50 transgender volunteers to ask questions about their lives. Findings describe that most of these individuals had to move away from their home town because of who they are. 86% are sexworkers, 30% are HIV positive and 61% stated that they always use condoms. Lastly 70% had a substance abuse problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Changing your name to fit your new gender identity is rather simple but the name must be appropriate to your first sex or the name should be gender neutral. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Portuguese transsexuals go to Morocco or England to undergo their sex reassignment surgery but sometimes face the consequences of having an unsanitary surgery. </li></ul>