DO NOW Recall three powers Congress is given from the Jigsaw yesterday.
Agenda1. Do Now2. How a Bill Becomes a Law Notes3. How a Bill Becomes a Law Comic
Competency Students will demonstrate an understanding of how the Congress is organized and will be able to demonstrate an understanding of how a bill becomes a law.
Objectives SWBAT create a comic strip that accurately portrays the process a bill takes to become a law.
How a Bill Becomes a Law A bill is a proposed law. Bills can be introduced in either house unless.. Appropriation Bill- bill approving raising of money (must begin in the House!) Each bill must pass in the House and the Senate then be approved by the President A law is also known as an act.
Sources of Legislation U.S. citizens organized groups congressional committees members of congress President.
The House and the Senate Consider the Bill Bill is introduced Bill is sent to a standing committee. Bill can be sent to a subcommittee or may die during consideration Committee hearings are held where people argue for or against the bill The bill may be changed rejected or accepted as is.
The House Acts on a Bill Committee recommends bill- bill reported out of committee Bill is placed on House Calendar Speaker chooses when or if a bill will be debated House Rules Committee decides how long to debate Committee of the Whole considers amendments House votes on bill- needs a majority to pass Roll-call- each members name is called and a record of their vote is taken If the Bill passes it is sent to Senate
The Senate Acts on a Bill Same process as House- must go through committees No limit on debate or speeches “talking the bill to death”- filibuster 3/5ths of full Senate must vote for debate to end and vote on the bill- cloture Sent to the House if started in Senate
Joint Committee Conference Committee- compromises on differences in bills passed in Senate and House (joint committee) Compromises must be approved by both houses
The President Acts on the Bill1. Sign bill and declare it law2. Veto- tells congress why he rejects it3. Pocket Veto- 10 day period with congress out of session. Congress can overturn veto by a 2/3rds vote in both houses