SUSTAINABLE URBAN DESIGNKAJANG SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PREPARED BY ALI DAWOD SALMAN P 62249 HAIDER FARHAN HASHIM P 65405 RASH SALAH P64799
INTRODUCTIONThe integration of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development was strengthened to promote sustainable development. The Government has to implement measures to improve the quality of life, promote sustainable consumption and production, protect the environment; sustainably manage the natural resource base; and enhance human, institutional and infrastructure capacity. These measures also furthered Malaysia’s implementation of Agenda 21.
WHAT IS THE SUSTAINABILITY ?Brundtland Commission’s report (WCED, 1987) defined sustainable development as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’. This definition has attained universal traction and is seen by many who recognize the current unsustainable nature of society as a means of achieving sustainability.
KAJANG CITYKajang, with a population of 229,655 is a town in the eastern part of Selangor, Malaysia (2.98 N, 101.77 E). It is located about 20 km south of Malaysias capital, Kuala Lumpur.
KAJANG GROWTHKajang has grown rapidly in the past few years. As of 2004, new Kajang townships have been developed and are currently buzzing with night-life. These include the Prima Saujana and Kajang Perdana (Kajang Highlands) housing estates. Areas surrounding these new townships are easily accessible via the new SILK Expressway.
Development qualityIn Kajang we have to increase the quality of development in all field and at long term by taking in account:1-Health and quality of life.2-Social equity and solidarity.3-Environmental protection.4-Access to knowledge.
Integrating Transport and Development promotion of linkages between environmental protection, economic efficiency and social progress. Under the environmental dimension. Transport must be effective and capable of adapting to changing demands. Under the social dimension, the objective consists in upgrading standards of living and quality of life. Understanding the reciprocal influences of the physical environment and the practices of the industry and that environmental issues are addressed by all aspects of the transport industry.
Environmental impact and travel demand . There are several interrelated ways in which transportation systems can adapt to cope with transport demand and reach a better level of sustainability:1-The densification and agglomeration of activities can involve spacial structures such as logistics zones or transit oriented developments and can result in reduced vehicle trips and increase some of the sustainable transport alternatives.2-Full-cost pricing involves the full (or partial) recovery of costs related to the public investments incurred by varying levels of government in relation to constructing, repairing and operating transport networks.3-The strategy of traffic bans is a more direct method of reducing traffic demand.
Development access Pedestrians, cyclists, public and private transport are parts of every roadway environment. The attention must be paid to this part’s presence in rural and urban areas.
It is important to recognize the forces influencing the demandfor provision of more and better pedestrain and cyclistsfacilities, the demand for this facilities influenced by : The influence of topography. The nature of the local community. Car ownership . Local land use activities. Quality of provision. Safety and security.
Congestion and type of transport in order to reduce the congestion in a city we have to draw up a plan to influence modal shift from private car to public transport.
To reduce traffic congestion, some measures should beadopted such as: improving the quality of bus services throughout the area Improving network coverage to give access to key facilities. Improving bus stations and bus stops to improve the waiting environment. Improving the scope and range of information provided to passengers. Maintaining a range of tickets which allow travel throughout the network or can be used on trams and trainsIn general plan networks due to long-term development s and encourage the use of public transport by it a competitive advantage over private car
parking Parking is the act of stopping a vehicle and leaving it unoccupied. Parking on one or both sides of a road is often permitted, though sometimes with restrictions. Parking facilities are constructed in combination with some buildings, to facilitate the coming and going of the buildings users.
Parking controls, raising parking prices or reducing the amount of parking areas, can be used to deter the use of privately owned vehicles in areas of highest demand by raising the price of commuting to high density areas kajang By use multi center strategy we can reduce the traffic jam in city center and solve the parking problem and by construct Kajang Central in Kajang station location all the parking problem will be solved.
Urban design principlesTo address the changes in urban design and planning, we are considering the following principles:1-Density,diversity, and mix uses, users, building type, and public spaces.2-transit supportive, shifting from car oriented pattern to transit oriented pattern.3-pesdestrains, as alternative modes to reduce car-dependency.4-Place-making, with a strong sense of identity.5-Complete communities, with providing needs of daily living.6-Integrated natural systems, by conserving and enhancing health of this system.
7-Integrated Technical and Industrial Systems.8-Local sources, by growing and producing the resources needed.9-Redundant and Durable Life Safety and Critical Infrastructure Systems.10-Resilient Operations, by developing building types and urban forms with reducing servicing cost , and reducing environment footprints.
Context for overall planstrategies for the overall design character of a proposal, to be attractive and function well, the plan should take into account the following:1- Respecting the local site
3-creating attractive surroundings and spaces to live
safety and securitySecurity and safety environmental sustainability are not only compatible goals, but security is also a critical component and integral part of sustainability.Sustainability has been considered the broader, more encompassing category, and the role and importance of security as an element of sustainability is often not explicitly recognized.
Landscape and biodiversitymaintaining a patchwork of green spaces and ponds in gardens and the public domain to produce a cumulative benefit to wildlife.
Renewable energyThis is a three-step method for increasing the sustainability of energy systems by:1- Reducing the demand for energy2-Applying renewable energy sources wherever possible.3-Filling in the remaining need as efficiently and cleanly as possible with fossil fuels.
Air QualityAir pollution has many disastrous effects that need to be curbed. In order to accomplish this, governments, scientists and environmentalists are using or testing a variety of methods aimed at reducing pollution.Five major input control methods exist. People may try to restrict population growth, use less energy, improve energy efficiency, reduce waste, and move to non-polluting renewable forms of energy production. Also, automobile-produced pollution can be decreased with highly beneficial results.
Water quality and drainage.The quality of Kajang water is influenced greatlyby human development1-Acid rain is a common problem. The expanse ofhard impermeable surfaces in cities results in largebodies of rainwater requiring collection anddischarge elsewhere.2-Dust, dirt and other solid pollutants are washedwith rainwater into drains, the water sometimesdischarged untreated into local waterways.3-Drinking water from local waterways oftenrequires treatment with chemicals to combatbacteria and other micro-organisms from suchpollution.