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traditional houses in Malaysia

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  1. 1. Malay architecture is greatly affected by climate and weather. Hence, the traditional Malay houses are almost always raised on timber stilts or pile to elevate and protect the building from floods and also serve as a source of natural ventilation. No nails are ever used in a traditional Malay house as pre-cut holes and grooves were used to fit the timber together. Roofs of these houses are typically steep and have wide overhangs for shading and protection from tropical downpours. There are usually 2 parts to a traditional Malay house: the main house (Rumah Ibu) and the kitchen annex (Rumah Dapur). The Rumah Dapur is separated from the Rumah Ibu for fire protection as the bulk of the buildings are made from timber. One or more verandas (Serambi) are attached to the Rumah Ibu for seated work, relaxation, or where non-familiar visitors would be entertained, thus preserving the privacy of the interior Malay traditional house Ali abdullah moqbel 110028024
  2. 2. It is difficult to define what the Malay house is. This is due to the meaning of the word "Malay," which is not clear. Legally, Malay is defined as "a person who professes the Muslim religion, speaks the Malay language, conforms to Malay customs. . If a Malay house is a house that is owned or lived in by this person, then this definition does not hold true, because there are many instances when these houses are not lived in or owned by a person so de- fined. Therefore, it is difficult to legally define a Malay house. Malay is also defineda as "a member of the people of the Malay peninsula, Eastern Sumatra, and some adjacent islands. By this definition, many ethnic groups such as Achehnese, Batak, Bugis, Kerinci, Minangkabau, Rawa and Mandiling are included. These people have developed their own distinct house types, therefore making it even more difficult to define a so-called Malay house. Maybe it is erroneous to assume a single meaning for the term Malay house. Nevertheless, this study assumes a definition generally accepted by authors dealing with this subject, both for the sake of simplicity and operational use. From this assumption and based on the different groups of people who had immigrated and settled in the different states in Peninsular Malaysia, the Malay Malay traditional house
  3. 3. The basic Malay house The Malay house is divided into areas, rather than rooms, for various social and household activities. Malay house styles, particularly the design of the roof, vary from state to state in Peninsular Malaysia, but the basic house form and construction methods are similar. In the tradition of vernacular houses, the Malay house is not professionally designed but has evolved over a period of time using readily available local materials, which suited the local climatic and environmental conditions. The design of the house has also been dictated by the social mores of the Malays, such as the provision of a private space for the womenfolk and a public space for the entertaining of male guests, because the Malay house is always considered a unit of a larger community in the village. Malay traditional house
  4. 4. Malay house . may be divided into three types: MalaccaNegeri Sembilan, Kelantan- Trengganu, and Johore-Selangor-Perak. 14 It is not the aim here to define or ex- pound each of these types, but be it sufficient to say that there are indeed distinct differences in the treatment of these houses which make such a categori- zation useful and necessary. It is also understood that within each category, a differentiation can be made between the houses so as to require further classification. 15 Nevertheless, for the Malay traditional house
  5. 5. Traditional Malay ‘Kampong’ The unplanned arrangement of Malay houses indirectly helps to reduce the risk of strong winds where settlements along coastal areas experience higher wind speed than inland regions (Hanafi, 1994). The characters of a Malay kampong are detached, and dispersed units with ample external spaces between them to allow fresh air circulation (Hanafi, 1994). However, the patterns of a traditional Malay kampong, which have similarities to villages in Indonesia, can be described in two main types of spatial arrangement: linear and concentric (Tjahjono, 2003). Figure 14 shows the linear and concentric settlement patterns of a Malay ‘kampong’. For a linear pattern, houses face the economic resources and transportation links such as roads, rivers or beaches; in a concentric pattern, the serambi usually faces the public space located at the centre of the houses. Malay traditional house
  6. 6. In Malay house compounds, crop-bearing trees such as coconut trees and highbranched fruity trees are planted (Yuan, 1987: 92; Hanafi, 1994). These trees have various functions, such as to indicate individual boundaries, provide fruits, and shade the pedestrian walkways (Figure 15). The open space compounds of a traditional Malay kampong can encourage social interaction within neighborhoods (Yuan, 1987: 93). For religious reasons, most traditional Malay houses are oriented to face Mecca (east-west direction), which indirectly minimizes the area of exposed walls to direct solar radiation during the day (Yuan, 2011). Malay traditional house
  7. 7. Wrap Limas house is said to have originated from the Dutch and the British. This type of architecture was first introduced to the Riau Islands around the 17th century to the 19th. In the 19th century, it was built in the state. Special features of this type of house is the use of a straight horizontal roof and four trunk ridge trickling down to the roof. These houses use decorative wall and casing types widow and decorated with sculptures. It is quite popular among the kings and nobles. In Terengganu, there are three castles that use this design the Palace and the Palace of Anjang Tengku Tengku Long in Besut and Kuala Terengganu Palace Pool Malay traditional house
  8. 8. Wrap Limas house is built with prefabricated method also decorated with wood carvings in attractive and impressive by noted local sculptor's brother Salizan bin Hj Mohd. Abd Rahman from Jurukir Traditional PR Company Limited. The structure of this house is characterized by comprising the roof of his house in a straight ridge and connects about 4 ridge trickling down to the roof is decorated with wood carvings kerrawang. These houses have some form of long-form and rectangular. Its space consists of porch space, balcony, home and kitchen center. Terengganu house built of wood cengal, meranti and lime. While the roof of the ground and roof tiles senggora. Terengganu traditional home of "Limas House Wrap" was quite beautiful and can make our hearts stunned when melihatnya.Hasil art in wood carving in the house is sufficient to describe how great the creativity and uniqueness of the community thought earlier Malay traditional house
  9. 9. Kedah longhouse in almost the same shape with a long home perlis but merely a difference in its space arrangement only. Kedah longhouse elongated shape, the roof long horizontal Lurs use screen curtain made ​of triangular-shaped fronds or the letter 'v' upside down. Slightly lower roof from the roof of the kitchen mother-like roof looks like feeding elephants found in Penang. longhouse Kedah consisting of some space of flat space and space located in front of the household, while the middle room, foyer, just ride, room and located at the back of the kitchen. This home has many columns and usually more than 20 poles in his mother's house. Home building materials is Cengal, Meranti, resin sea, and the roof is made ​of bamboo and Commercial, Nipah and Senggora critical. Malay traditional house
  10. 10. A traditional Lotud house, consisting of a veranda, kitchen and dining area, elevated sleeping and living area and storage attic, is said to replicate the houses in the spirit world of the Lotud belief system. The traditional houses of Sabah reflect not only the diverse ways in which people have adapted to their environment, but also their lifestyles, which are governed by rituals and beliefs. The house is regarded as a microcosm of the world of spirits and the universe. The site of a house and its spatial organization may therefore be influenced by omens and dreams as well as physical factors, such as the orientation of the sun and the river and a fresh supply of water. Malay traditional house
  11. 11. Longhouses of Sarawak The jungle and the coast provide the building materials such as the nipah palm used on the roof of a Melanau house. The longhouses of Sarawak epitomize the communal lifestyle of ethnic groups such as the Iban, Melanau, Orang Ulu and Bidayuh. Although the Melanau house differs from the others in being tall rather than long, its spatial organization is similar. Several families are accommodated in one large house. Each family has its own private unit but shares communal areas, such as the gallery where social activities take place, and the open deck where crops and laundry are dried. Malay traditional house
  12. 12. Traditional house in Melaka known to call home Malacca. It is still there in the state of Malacca until now. The house is famous for its stone stairs are covered with multicolored tiles imported from China and India. The original home uses 12 to 16 main pillars in the main building or home moms. Building components are made ​from home moms, middle and kitchen space . Its space division also consists of a porch, in front of the porch sometimes coupled with a stepped area. In the middle there is a space between the room and the house mother and home kitchen there is a space called the interval. There is a space in the middle space between the roof or attic room called the role. Use the space as well as bed when the girls are also as the repository of the goods. The house is usually built from wood cengal, meranti and marine resin Traditional homes are built with designs featured heritage Malay community features a long roof and stone coated tiles stairs. Stone staircase is the main feature as well as wood carvings in the foyer unik.Halaman traditional house is usually decorated with various kinds of flowers that attract ~ ~ ~ Malay traditional house
  13. 13. Homes and villages is one of the important cultural equipment in a masyarakat.Ianya life is also fundamental to the study of the sociocultural community . Houses and construction to reflect a form of culture for the mendiaminya.Di Negeri Sembilan Malay house design rather unique that reflect the uniqueness of indigenous perpatih practiced by people of. traditional Malay house has a charm of its own in which every building and home basic structure such as columns, roofs, sills, windows and stairs is said to be built to represent a range of its own purpose . Architectural house is often associated with the creative nature of the Malay community and a close relationship with the environment. Unless we move to Negeri Sembilan, surely we met a Malay house which hampers similar bentuknya.Di Art Park, Seremban tersapat a Malay house model State Nine of old age usianya.Namun in aging, many secrets of the past stored. Negeri Sembilan Malay House Model is made ​of high quality wood and the roof is also of kayu.Rumah also quite average size of 17.8 meters x 2.7 meters long and 7.8 meters x 0.9 meters lebar.Ia has 16 main pillars, and thus it is also known as the Pillar House 16. Malay traditional house
  14. 14. The Malay house: Materials and construction The traditional Malay house relies for its strength on a complex jointing system made rigid by the use of timber wedges. This allows the house to be easily taken apart and reassembled elsewhere. The traditional Malay house is primarily a timber structure, built off the ground using the post-andbeam method by local carpenters or by the owners themselves. Its walls are usually made of timber, although bamboo is still used in certain areas. Numerous full-length windows line the walls, providing both ventilation and a view outside. The high-pitched, gabled roof, which dominates the house, was traditionally covered with thatch but is now more often covered with galvanized iron. Malay traditional house
  15. 15. References

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traditional houses in Malaysia


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