Alex Wiles 3Q BM


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"Nation Master." Nation Master. Web.

"Nation Master." Laos. Web.

US Library of Congress. "Country Studies." Laos. Web.

Encyclopedia of The Nations. "Nation Encyclopedia." Zimbabwe. Web.

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  • Alex Wiles 3Q BM

    1. 1. Regional Stability Analysis Zimbabwe and Southeast Asia
    2. 2. Background In this presentation, the backgrounds of Laos and Zimbabwe, along with the issues that they face, will be explored and compared.
    3. 3. Five -Point Analysis Environmental Damage Climate Change Hostile Neighbors Friendly Trade Partners Society’s Response to Environmental Problems
    4. 4. Environmental Damage This criterion is based on the level of environmental decay caused by human activity such as dumping, waste disposal, and industrialization.
    5. 5. Climate Change Climate Change is much like Environmental Damage. However, CLimate Change refers to more long-term and indirect effects that Environmental Damage has on climate.
    6. 6. Hostile Neighbors This criterion refers to a region’s surrounding areas and their level of hostility towards other societies.
    7. 7. Friendly Trade Partners This area of judgement is based upon a region’s ability to stimulate its economy through the exchange of goods and services with other regions.
    8. 8. Society’s Response to Environmental Problems As the title suggests, this criterion is focused on a region’s society, and their level of responsibility and responsiveness when in comes to environmental damage.
    9. 9. The regions The regions that will be focused on in this presentation will be Zimbabwe (South Africa) and Laos (Southeast Asia).
    10. 10. Common Ground: Environment Both Zimbabwe and Laos have serious problems with deforestation. Zimbabwe’s agricultural land has been all but completely eroded. Before Zimbabwe achieved independence, large portions of the population were forced to depend on smaller pieces, causing almost irreparable damage to the land.
    11. 11. Environment cont’d (Zimbabwe) Air- Zimbabwe’s air is incredibly polluted because industrialization and carbon emissions from vehicles. And Industry- intense water pollution in Zimbabwe is the result of mining and fertilizers. Zimbabwe also produces an estimated 0.5 millions tons of solid waste per year. The region’s food has the world’s highest concentration of insecticide.
    12. 12. Environment cont’d (Laos) Forest- Lao forests have been exploited over the years because of the valuable wood that they provide. The forests were also exploited for many other resources (animals, medicine etc.) in the 1980s deforestation caused the destruction of 160,000 hectares of forest land- resulting in irreparable damage to Laos’ ecosystem.
    13. 13. Environmental Damage Rating: Zimbabwe & Laos Zimbabwe: 8 Laos: 6
    14. 14. Climate Change Rating: Zimbabwe & Laos Zimbabwe: 8 (little climate recovery is in place, industrialization and emissions continue) Laos: 7 (a lot of damage that may be permanent, but recovery is underway)
    15. 15. Society’s Response Recently, Laos’ government has been more responsible about preserving forest land and protecting their endangered animals. Zimbabwe has launched aggressive strategies concerning environmental protection- including shooting poachers on sight.
    16. 16. Society’s Response Rating: Zimbabwe Zimbabwe- This region’s environment has been severely damaged. But, recovery is possible- with more environmental protection being legislated in Zimbabwe, the problems could be solved eventually. Rating:7
    17. 17. Society’s Response Rating: Zimbabwe Laos is seems more active than Zimbabwe, restricting deforestation as early as the late 1980s. Laos’ environmental problems are not as severe or as desperate as Zimbabwe’s. Rating: 6
    18. 18. Hostile Neighbors: Zimbabwe Because of past colonialism, Zimbabwe has a lot of friction with neighboring countries such as Rhodesia, Nyasaland.
    19. 19. Hostile Neighbors: Laos Laos has experienced some sort of conflict with almost every developed nation near Southeast Asia. Laos was briefly occupied by Japan in WWII, was dragged into the Vietnam war- resulting in a bombing from the US, and exploitation of land by North- Vietnam.
    20. 20. Hostile Neighbors Zimbabwe has few friendly neighbors, but media coverage regarding the region’s problems seems to be improving- alleviating problems caused by friction with local countries- Rating: 6 Laos has bad connections with most developed nations surrounding it, but the government seems do be doing things to help with foreign relations- Rating 5
    21. 21. Friendly Trade Partners Laos trades with uses ASEAN to trade with Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand. Laos exports coffee, electricity, tin, copper, and wood products. Laos should have little problem with stimulating their economy. Rating- 7
    22. 22. Friendly Trade Partners Zimbabwe exports to all of South Africa and The Congo. Their chief exports are platinum, tobacco, cotton, and textiles.