PanPanning involves the camera moving from left toright, or right to left. Panning is usually a slowmotion but different speeds can give of differentrepresentations. Panning is a great way to showof the surroundings of a character.
TiltSimilar to panning tilt involves the a camerapivoting from top to bottom or bottom to top.
TrackMovement of a camera that moves from side toside without a pivot to follow an object orcharacter. Can include smooth movements fromside to side, forewords, backwards, or even on acurve. The term ‘track is referred to rails inwhich a wheeled platform (which has thecamera on it) sits on in order to carry out asmooth movement.
DollyWhen a camera moves in and out (not track orzoom) or backwards and forwards using anobject called a dolly which is similar to a tripodbut with wheels.
CraneA crane is used to give a high up shot usuallyused for shots such as establishing shots to givethe viewer a feel of the location.
SteadicamA stabilizing mount for a camera whichmechanically isolates the operators movementfrom the camera, allowing a very smooth shoteven when operator is moving quickly or onuneven surface. Usually used for high actionsequences.
Hand-heldInvolves the camera being used without anyother equipment. Usually used for unsteady andshaky shots.
ZoomWhen a camera moves in towards a character orobject without psychically moving the camera.The idea of zooming is to reveal moresignificance or detail of something. The speed ofa zoom can very to give of differentrepresentations.
Reverse Zoom‘AKA’ known as ‘zoom out’. This involves thecamera moving away from an object orcharacter to reveal more details about thesetting around them. Similar to zoom speedscan very to give of different represenations.
FramingThe process of creating composition, putting asequence together.
Rules of thirdsThe rule of thirds is concept that the frame isdivided into nine imaginary sections, this acts asa guide for framing images.
Depth of field – deep and shallow focus• Depth of field is the distance of what is in focus. It is the distance between the nears and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in an image. Although a lens can precisely focus at only one distance at a time, the decrease in a sharpness is gradual on each side of the focused distance, so that within the DOF, the unsharp nature is unnoticeable under normal viewing conditions.
Focus pullsA focus pull involves changing the focus during ashot. Usually this means adjusting the focusfrom one subject to another.