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AIDS in Africa


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A powerpoint to raise awareness on the AIDS epidemic in Africa, and the organizations looking to aid and help the vitcims and families.

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AIDS in Africa

  1. 1. AIDS <br />In Africa<br />By: Rachel And Alex<br />
  2. 2. AIDS VIRUS<br />AIDS : Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome<br />A person is diagnosed with AIDS when their immune system is to weak to fight of infections.<br />AIDS is caused by HIV<br />HIV is a virus that gradually attacks immune system cells. As HIV progressively damages these cells, the body becomes more vulnerable to infections, which it will have difficulty in fighting off. It is at the point of very advanced HIV infection that a person is said to have AIDS.<br />There is no cure.<br />
  3. 3. IMPACT ON AFRICA<br />Two-thirds of all people infected with HIV live in sub-Saharan Africa, although this region contains little more than 10% of the world’s population. <br />This epidemic has caused illness and death, However, the impact it has had on Africa is not just confined to the health sector. Households, schools, workplaces and economies have also been badly affected. <br />During 2009, an estimated 1.3 million adults and children died as a result of AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. Since the beginning of the epidemic more than 15 million Africans have died from AIDS. <br />fewer than half of Africans who need treatment are receiving it. <br />Africa has become a continent of orphans.<br />In Africa, 1.4 million children have been orphaned by AIDS.<br />
  4. 4. AFRICAN GRANDMOTHERS<br /><br />For a lot of these orphaned kids, their grandmothers step in to raise them.<br />In some places Aids almost wipes out the middle generation, leaving the very old and very young to take care of each other.<br />In some countries, 40-60% of orphans live in grandmother-headed households. <br />The Stephen Lewis Foundation has taken it upon themselves to begin a campaign called “grandmothers to grandmothers” to help these grandmothers in Africa support the children they are taking care of, and themselves.<br />The Foundation launched the 'Grandmothers to Grandmothers Campaign' on March 7, 2006, the eve of International Women's Day. <br />Stephen Lewis and Lucia Mazibuko<br />(African Grandmother)<br />at the Grandmothers Press Conference<br />
  5. 5. Grandmothers hold up posters for the campaign.<br />
  6. 6. CAMPAIGN GOALS<br />Encourage awareness in Canada about Africa’s grandmothers and their struggle to secure a hopeful and healthy future for generations of children orphaned or made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS; <br />Build solidarity amongst African and Canadian grandmothers in the fight against HIV/AIDS; <br />Actively support groups of grandmothers in Africa who are dealing with the painful loss of their own children and struggling to care for children orphaned by AIDS. <br />
  7. 7. STEPHEN LEWISGrandmothers to Grandmothers<br />“During my own travels in the last couple of years in particular, the sense of being overwhelmed by numbers of orphans was everywhere apparent. I just came back from Swaziland recently and I was at a little elementary school of 350 students and when the principal introduced us to the students, she said, “Mr. Lewis, 250 of our 350 kids are orphans.” I’d never seen a school where 70% of the children were orphans, but it was symptomatic of what is happening across the continent as the death rate accelerates.” <br />"The grandmothers bury their own adult children and then they look after their grandchildren. And there are situations where grandmothers are looking after 5, 10, 15, 20 kids — their own, and other orphans in the villages who have no environment within which to exist."<br />"They are entirely impoverished; there is virtually no food, sometimes no shelter, certainly no money for school fees to get the children into school. But somehow these unsung heroes of Africa hold the continent together: they are holding countries and communities together. The grandmothers have emerged as a central force on the continent"   <br />
  8. 8. The Stephen Lewis Foundation's Grandmothers to Grandmothers Campaignseeks to build solidarity, raise awareness and mobilize support in Canada for Africa's grandmothers. <br />Since the launch, some 240 groups of Canadian grandmothers have taken up the call to action. To date, the campaign has raised more than $10 million for African grandmothers and the children in their care.<br />15 sub-Saharan African countries.<br />Provides these grandmothers with things such as food, housing grants, school fees for their grandchildren and grief counseling. <br />
  9. 9. Grandmothers from Kitovu Mobile AIDS Organization in Uganda<br />march to celebrate Turning the Tide.<br />
  10. 10. HOW CAN YOU HELP?<br />Visit the Grandmothers Campaign website to network with other granny groups, share ideas, read about upcoming events and learn more about the campaign and how to get involved!<br />Learn More – Read about the challenges African grandmothers are facing in the Grandmothers' Gathering report, entitled Grandmothers to Grandmothers: The Dawn of a New Movement.<br />Donate– Grandmothers play a crucial role in many projects we fund related to orphans and people living with AIDS. You can donate Online, at the Stephen Lewis Foundation Website.<br />Plan an event —plan an event to raise awareness and funds for African grandmothers in their fight against HIV/AIDS, benefitting the Stephen Lewis Foundation.<br />Stride to Turn the Tide — In the summer of 2010 approximately 140 Grandmother Groups across Canada walked over 12,000 kilometers, raising close to $400,000 in support of the courageous and resilient grandmothers of Sub-Saharan Africa. Walk with them to help raise awareness about AIDS.<br />
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  12. 12. ABOUT I AM BECAUSE WE ARE<br />I Am Because We Are is a powerful documentary about the hardships in the lives of the citizens who have or know people who have the virus called HIV/AIDS.<br />The documentary got its name from the African philosophy called the spirit of Ubuntu. Ubuntu acknowledges the common bond between all people. I am because we are is a saying in Ubuntu, which when translated means:<br /> “Without you there is no me. Your fate is mine”<br />
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  14. 14. ABOUT MALAWI<br />Malawi is a tiny country in between Zambia Tanzania and Mozambique in central Africa<br />It is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa, Malawi is home to over 14 million people<br />The main vocation for Malawians is agriculture to feed themselves and their family<br />Malawi is known as the “Warm Heart of Africa” because of it’s peoples generous spirit and warm hospitality<br />It is one of the worlds least developed but most densely populated countries<br />Malawi has a low life expectancy rate, and a high infant mortality rate<br />
  15. 15. FACTS ABOUT MALAWI<br />Over 1,000,000 adults and children are living with HIV<br />1% of the population receives a college education<br />The average life expectancy has recently dropped to 36 years old<br />Over 200 people die of AIDS each day in Malawi<br />The hardest thing about fighting aids in Malawi is trying to find nurses to treat the patients<br />HIV is a taboo subject, so few people who have HIV know about it, or let their partners or family know about it. This is one of the biggest reasons of the spread of HIV<br />Every 30 seconds, a child dies from malaria in sub Saharan Africa<br />
  16. 16. WHY MALAWI?<br />Malawi is the fourth poorest country in the world, and citizens of this country are faced with multiple deadly diseases, drought, poverty and the lack of critical resources <br />All of these problems affect women and children the most. (especially the 2,000,000 orphaned children)<br />A foundation was created called Raising Malawi, they believe that if we all work together, we can foster change for not only Malawi, but for other vulnerable countries in Africa<br />
  17. 17. RAISING MALAWI<br />
  18. 18. Raising Malawi was founded by Madonna and Michael Berg in 2006<br />The main focus is to bring an end to the extreme poverty and hardships that 2,000,000 orphans in Malawi experience everyday<br />Raising Malawi supports organizations that provide children and caregivers with resources<br />Raising Malawi provides the following to children and caregivers in Malawi:<br />Nutritious Food<br />Proper Clothing<br />Secure Shelter<br />Formal Education<br />Targeted Medical Care<br />Emotional Care<br />Psychosocial Support<br />
  19. 19. Raising Malawi is a non-governmental organization that does amazing things. These are just a few examples “<br />73,000 children and caregivers are receiving daily, nutritious meals, while 10,000 children have received supplements aimed at reversing the effects of severe malnutrition.<br />30,000 orphaned children have been enrolled in rural and urban community-based child care centers.<br />50,000 children now receive primary and secondary education support, including academic scholarships, school uniforms, and learning materials.<br />Over 66,000 children and caregivers living with HIV/AIDS, malaria, or other diseases have received life saving treatments and care.<br />
  20. 20. One of the most positive steps forward in the Raising Malawi organization is the academy for girls built in Lilongwe<br />Both boys and girls receive poor education, but girls are forced to stay home to help take care of her family, and boys are given more opportunities. So Madonna decided to build this academy for girls.<br />The academy will include classrooms, library, gymnasium, wellness center and dormitories, it will not only provide education, but it will also act as a safe place for girls to live<br />
  22. 22. HOW CAN YOU HELP?<br />How can you help the foundation Raising Malawi?<br />Donations<br />Just $20 can supply an infant with formula for a month<br />Volunteer<br />Inform friends and family about this issue<br />
  23. 23. MILLENNIUM PROMISE<br />
  24. 24. Their mission: end poverty in our lifetime.<br />Founded in 2005 by Ray Chambers and Jeffrey Sachs to meet the basic needs of the worlds poorest people<br />They are the leading international non-profit organization, with their focus on completing their 8 Millennium Development Goals, also known as the worlds goals<br />The Millennium Development Goals have begun the biggest cooperative effort ever know to fight poverty, hunger and disease.<br />
  25. 25. MILLENNIUM DEVELPOMENT GOALS<br />GOAL 1<br />-Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty <br /><ul><li> Reduce by half the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day
  26. 26. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
  27. 27. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger </li></li></ul><li>GOAL 2<br />Achieve Universal Primary Education <br />Ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling<br />GOAL 3<br />Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women <br />Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015.<br />GOAL 4<br /><ul><li>Reduce Child Mortality
  28. 28. Reduce by two thirds the mortality of children under five</li></ul>GOAL 5<br /><ul><li>Improve Maternal Health
  29. 29. Reduce maternal mortality by three quarters
  30. 30. Achieve universal access to reproductive health</li></li></ul><li>GOAL 6<br />Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases <br />Halt and reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS<br />Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it<br />Halt and reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases<br />GOAL 7<br /><ul><li>Ensure Environmental Sustainability
  31. 31. Integrate principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs; reverse the loss of environmental resources
  32. 32. Halve the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation</li></ul>GOAL 8<br /><ul><li>Develop a Global Partnership for Development
  33. 33. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
  34. 34. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications technologies</li></li></ul><li>What have they done to help AIDS?<br />Some of the great accomplishments of Millennium promise since 2005 are:<br />Developing dynamic partnerships. Partnerships with UNAIDS, the World Food Program, and scores of corporate partners are several examples of the coordinated effort to fight poverty, hunger, and disease<br />they have seen remarkable progress, including a 74 percent reduction in measles deaths, 4 million people on life-saving AIDS treatment<br />Malawi has had the greatest success, reducing the childhood mortality rate to 100 per 1,000 births in 2008 from 225 in 1990.<br />With the expansion of antiretroviral treatment to more than two million people since 2000, the number of people who die from AIDS has started to decline, from 2.2 million in 2005 to 2.0 million in 2007.<br />
  35. 35. WORK CITED<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Some images taken from Google Images.<br />