2009 Aquarium of the Pacific Visitor Guide


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2009 Aquarium of the Pacific Visitor Guide

  1. 1. Map & Visitor GuideWelcome to the Aquarium of the Pacific.Use this guide to find special exhibits, programs,and highlighted animals throughout ourgalleries. This year we are focusing on sharksand rays. Learn about these amazing animalsas you explore the Aquarium.
  2. 2. AQUARIUM OF THE PACIFICFirst Floor Map Our Watersheds: Pathway to Shark 1ST FLOOR 27 the Pacific Lagoon Our Enhance Your Watershed Story Marine Life Theater Aquarium of 26 Lorikeet Forest the Pacific Bamboo Explorers Experience Bistro Cove Nectar Hut Shark 13 Shack Gifts Seals & Sea Lions Boeing Blue Southern Visitor Learning Center Cavern California/ (Reservation 6 Baja Gallery Guide Stop required) Look for Visitor Honda Marine Guide Stops Display at exhibits throughout Harbor Terrace Northern the Aquarium. (Shark Zone*) Pacific Preview The numbers correspond to page numbers Amazing Pictures in this book. Honda 6 Theater 7 Honda Theater Ticket Kiosk Tropical Pacific Preview Pacific Embossing Collections Great Hall Gift Store of the Pacific Stations Emboss your visitor guide at our eight Embossing Stations. Look for Main the embossing Entrance 8 space on the Tickets 27 Ocean on corner of pages the Edge 9, 11, 13, 17, 21, Rios de la Vida 23, 25, and 29. Fountain Mural Member Entrance *Summer only2 aquarium visitor guide
  3. 3. AQUARIUM OF THE PACIFICSecond Floor Map 2ND FLOOR Stairs to SHARK LAGOON Southern California/ Baja Gallery Aquarium Animal Show Café Scuba Learn about our animals at special shows held throughout the day at major Northern exhibits. See Pacific Gallery your Today at the Aquarium insert for times and locations. Tropical Pacific Gallery Aquarium Founding Sponsor LEGEND restrooms elevators information center child care station 6 guide stop stroller show embossing dining phones (see today at parking the aquarium) station aquarium visitor guide 3
  4. 4. AQUARIUM OF THE PACIFICAquarium InformationFocused on the Pacific Ocean, the Aquarium of the Pacific is organized intothree main galleries, a special exhibits gallery, and the outdoor Explorers Cove,which features Shark Lagoon, Lorikeet Forest, and the Watershed Exhibit. Thespecial exhibits gallery features our Ocean on the Edge exhibit, highlightingocean issues and shark conservation.Additional AdventuresThe programs below have an additional charge. Please visit the Information Center for times, pricing,and availability. For advance reservations, please call (562) 590-3100.Feed a Shark or Ray Lorikeet NectarThe Feed a Shark experience allows guests to You can purchase a cup of lorikeet nectarhand-feed a shark or ray on a platform above at the entrance of Lorikeet Forest to handthe Tropical Reef Habitat. This 30-minute feed our birds.program is offered daily at 10:15 a.m. and2:15 p.m. Age restrictions apply. We also offer Critter Chata Feed a Ray program in the Ray Touchpool Learn all about animals in a fun, interactivearea twice daily at 11:30 a.m. and 3:30 p.m. 30-minute classroom program where you get the chance to meet one of our furry,New Sharks Behind-the-Scenes Tour scaly, or feathered friends up close andSee what goes on behind the scenes in personal. Available for groups or individuals.this one-hour guided tour. In addition to Saturdays and Sundays, 2:30 p.m.visiting parts of the Aquarium generally offlimits to the public, we’ll go into new areas Harbor Toursto showcase sharks and rays. This tour Tour the Long Beach/Los Angeles Harborshighlights how we care for our sharks, their with Harbor Breeze Cruises for a 45-minutefine-tuned physiology, conservation issues, narrated cruise around one of the mostand their importance in the ocean. And active ports in the world.you still get to go above our largest exhibitto feed the fish. Age restrictions apply. Whale Watching Explore the nearby ocean aboard a CoastAnimal Encounters Guard-certified boat to seek out suchThis is your chance to feed the animals travelers as whales, dolphins, sea lions,with a member of our animal care staff. and migratory birds. Seasonal.Age and height restrictions apply. Advancereservations required.3D FilmDive into the ocean with our 3D film,A Fish Story. See page 7 for more information.4 aquarium visitor guide
  5. 5. As you walk through the Aquarium, take note of many special sights. In theSouthern California/Baja Gallery, you can see animals such as sea lions andrays. On the 2nd floor, in the Northern Pacific Gallery, you can find thesea otters and puffins. The Tropical Pacific Gallery is also on the 2nd floorand is home to our coral reef fishes, sea dragons, and more.General Information First Aid/Emergencies Restrooms and Lost & Found Baby Care StationIf possible, please proceed to the Information See map for restroom locations. ThereCenter near the main entrance or contact are changing stations in the restrooms onany security associate, otherwise alert the levels one and two and in Shark Lagoon.nearest staff member. A baby care station is located in the first floor women’s restroom. No Smoking or Gum Smoking, gum, and balloons are not Visitors withallowed in the Aquarium. Please use trash Disabilitiesand recycle bins. Do not toss objects into Wheelchairs are available at the Informationthe exhibits. Center. All exhibits are wheelchair acces- sible. See map for the location of elevators Visitor Information throughout the Aquarium. Audio tours for Visit the Information Center, located guests who are blind and copies of showin the Great Hall of the Pacific near the scripts for those who are deaf or withmain entrance, to inquire about tours, hearing disabilities are available at theAquarium membership, and special events. Information Center. Listening devices are available for Honda Theater as well. Refreshments Café Scuba on level two serves a Credit Cardstasty selection of sandwiches, salads, We accept VISA,and grilled entrees, including sustainable MasterCard, Discover, and Americanseafood. Bamboo Bistro in Explorers Cove Express for admission, membership,offers pizza, hot dogs, cold beer, and merchandise, and food purchases.refreshments. The Coffee Cart in the GreatHall serves coffee, cappuccinos, sodas, and Amazing Picturessnacks. Harbor Terrace is open seasonally Purchase a unique souvenir offor sandwiches, salads, and other items. your Aquarium visit with this fun photo opportunity, located in the Great Hall of the Pacific. aquarium visitor guide 5
  6. 6. GREAT HALL OF THE PACIFICGreat Hall Films 6Sharksfree to all guestsSee our sharks in action in this shortmovie shown on eight screens in theGreat Hall. Featuring our very ownAquarium sharks, this tribute will giveyou glimpses of the animals you have Robin Riggsseen in Shark Lagoon and throughout thegalleries. Which sharks can you identify?WhalesA Journey with GiantsFree To All GuestsStep into the wondrous world of whalesin Whales: A Journey with Giants. Througha compelling multi-sensory experience oflight, sound, and imagery, the Aquarium’sGreat Hall will transform into the under-water realm of the planet s largest living planet’sanimal—the blue whale. AMAZING SHARKS Sharks fire our imaginations. The species shown here is a zebra shark, which is a bottom-dwelling shark. When a zebra shark is a juvenile, its skin has markings reminiscent of a zebra’s stripes. When it becomes an adult, the narrow bars change to spots. In Australia, these sharks are called leopard sharks, in reference to the spotted appearance of the adults.6 aquarium visitor guide
  7. 7. GREAT HALL OF THE PACIFICHonda Theater Films 7Shark SmartRestoring Order in the OceanFree to All GuestsOver the last 400 million years, sharkshave played major roles in helping keepocean ecosystems in balance, includingcoral reefs and seagrass beds. Butrecently, a new apex predator has risento the top, threatening the order of theseas. Find out what has been happeningto cause such imbalance and what we cando to change it. Shown daily at 11:00 a.m.,1:00 p.m., 3:00 p.m., and 5:00 p.m.A Fish Story 3Dadditional admission chargeA Fish Story is a fun animated tale wherea little fish named Deepo takes audienceson a journey into his world to meet hisundersea friends. Discover some of theanimals that call the ocean home and findout how what we do up here affects theanimals down there in the ocean. Catchysongs, endearing animal characters, andstriking 3D animation teach familiesimportant conservation messages aboutthe ocean. See theater kiosk for additional 3Dfilms available. AMAZING SHARKS Sh k Sharks and rays d not d do have hard bony jaws that provide sockets for their teeth. Therefore, sharks and rays continually replace worn out or missing teeth throughout their lives. It is thought that some sharks may go through up to 30,000 teeth in their lifetime. aquarium visitor guide 7
  8. 8. GREAT HALL OF THE PACIFICOcean on the Edge Gallery 8The Aquarium of the Pacific’s Ocean on the Edge gallery highlights importantissues facing our ocean.Importance of Sharks in MaintainingHealthy Marine Ecosystems Explore this exhibit to learnSharks have been swimming in the ocean for more about:more than 400 million years—100 millionyears before dinosaurs appeared on land. • Shark ConservationThey inhabit the ocean from its deep seas to • Global Climate Changeits coastal wetlands and coral reefs. Sharksplay a vital role in maintaining the health of • Overfishing and Bycatchmarine ecosystems, but today many species • Biodiversity Lossof sharks that are at the top of the food web,are in danger of extinction. While many • Ocean Governancepeople fear sharks, a greater fear should bewhat the consequences of the loss of sharkswill do to the already stressed ocean. Loss of WetlandsOcean Acidification California has destroyed 90 percent of itsMost of the carbon dioxide that is added wetlands. The rapid and widespread declineto the atmosphere from the burning of is mostly due to coastal development. Thisfossil fuels remains in the atmosphere for loss of wetlands, with a mere 13,000 acresan average of about a century, and then is remaining in Southern California, has ledtransferred into the ocean where it remains, to a decline in migratory birds. The Bolsaon average, for a thousand years or longer. Chica Ecological Reserve is an example of aThis causes a change in the ocean’s pH—its saltwater marsh that is being restored. Afteracidity—and makes it difficult for many 107 years of being cut off from the Pacificorganisms to create bones or shells. Ocean, nature has a second chance. Paul A. Selvaggio8 aquarium visitor guide
  9. 9. GREAT HALL OF THE PACIFICBlue Cavern 9The Blue Cavern habitat in the Great Hall ismodeled after Blue Cavern Point, a kelp forestalong the northeastern coast of Santa CatalinaIsland. This exhibit represents the underwaterhabitat you would find both along our coast andaround local islands.KELP BASS OCEAN WHITEFISHParalabrax clathratus Caulolatilus princeps Leopard Shark Triakis semifasciata Leopard sharks are amongCALIFORNIA SHEEPHEAD (Female) CALIFORNIA SHEEPHEAD (Male) the most common sharksSemicossyphus pulcher Semicossyphus pulcher seen off the coast of California. They prefer the shallow waters of bays and estuaries and occasionally patrol kelp forests, usually staying near the bottom. Leopard sharks are identified by their distinct markings. They can grow up to sixSHOVELNOSE GUITARFISH feet in length. In 2005 theRhinobatos productus CALIFORNIA MORAY EEL Aquarium’s leopard sharks Gymnothorax mordax participated in a CSULB study of thermoregulation to determine how long they can maintain theirWHITE SEABASS body temperature inAtractoscion nobilis varied temperature environments. To view the report, see the Conservation link on the Aquarium’s website, and look under MCRI.GIANT SEA BASSStereolepis gigas` aquarium visitor guide 9
  10. 10. FIRST AND SECOND FLOORS Southern California/Baja California/Baja Gallery From Point Conception to the tip of Baja California, the Southern California and Baja coasts include a variety of ecosystems. From kelp forests teeming with life to biologically productive wetlands to extreme environments such as tidepools, each habitat is home to an array of life forms. 2ND FLOOR Shorebird 12 12 Sanctuary Rocky Intertidal Tidepool Treasures Ray 13 Discovery Lab Touchpool Garden Eels 14 Gulf of California surf, Seals & Sea Lions Blue Cavern 9 11 Great Hall of the Pacific 1ST FLOOR Spiny Abalone & Urchins Lobsters Eel Grass Breakwater Kelp Camouflage Pinnacle Jellies K Kelp Seals & Connection Redondo Sea Lions Canyon Amber 11 Forest Underwater Viewing Tunnel Blue Great Hall Seals & Cavern 9 of the Sea Lions Pacific 11 LEGEND restrooms elevators information center child care station 21 guide stop stroller show embossing dining phones (see today at parking the aquarium) station10 aquarium visitor guide
  11. 11. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA/BAJA GALLERYAmber Forest 11Our Amber Forest represents the diversity ofmarine life that depends on kelp forests for food,protection, and breeding. BLUE ROCKFISHZEBRA PERCH Sebastes mystinusHermosilla azurea California State BLACKSMITH Marine Fish Chromis punctipinnisGARIBALDIHypsypops rubicundus Horn Shark Heterodontus francisci Horn sharks are named SALEMA after the two horn-like Xenistius californiensisSARGO spines in front of theirAnisotremus davidsonii dorsal fins. Adults are three to four feet long. These nocturnal animals SENORITA are fairly sluggish dur- Oxyjulis californica ing the day and tend to swim away from people if approached. Inhabit-SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA/BAJA GALLERY ing the cool, temperate,Seals & Sea Lions 11 and subtropical regions of the eastern Pacific, horn sharks are foundSeals and sea lions live throughout our coastal in coastal areas fromwaters. Their local breeding grounds are protected Southern California toin the Channel Islands National Park and Channel the Gulf of California.Islands National Marine Sanctuary. Unlike seals, sea lions have external ear flapsand large front flippers that they walk around on.Seals are less agile on land. The Californiasea lion (Zalophus californianus) andharbor seal (Phoca vitulina) arepinnipeds, animals that havefin-like flippers, such as seals,sea lions, and walruses. CALIFORNIA SEA LION Zalophus californianus aquarium visitor guide 11
  12. 12. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA/BAJA GALLERYRocky Intertidal 12Tidepools teem with life, including purple sea urchins, giantgreen anemones, bat stars, and other invertebrates. Each ofthese animals has specific adaptations to handle the harshtidepool conditions. Every rising tide brings in water rich with food and oxygen.As the water recedes, it carries away waste, eggs, and larvae SHINER SURFPERCHto be dispersed in the ocean. Be sure to also visit our Tidepool Cymatogaster aggregataTreasures Discovery Lab, where you can touch some local marineresidents. BAT STAR OCHRE SEA STAR WARTY SEA CUCUMBER Asterina miniata Pisaster ochraceus Parastichopus parvimensis KELLET’S WHELK GIANT KEYHOLE LIMPET PURPLE SEA URCHIN Kelletia kelletii Megathura crenulata Strongylocentrotus purpuratusSOUTHERN CALIFORNIA/BAJA GALLERYShorebird Sanctuary 12Our Shorebird Sanctuaryrepresents a tidal wetland,much like Bolsa ChicaEcological Reserve. Callie bowitch The exhibit features Black- Tom Greynecked Stilts, Black-bellied BLACK-NECKED STILT WESTERN SNOWY PLOVERPlovers, the endangered Western Himantopus mexicanus C. Alexandrinus nivosusSnowy Plover, and AmericanAvocet shorebirds, as well asRuddy Ducks. Aquatic animalssuch as topsmelt, Pacificsardines, and black perch are alsoon display. This habitat exhibits Tom Greyseveral microecosystems with RUDDY DUCK AMERICAN AVOCET Nasanative vegetation. Oxyura jamaicensis Recurvirostra americana12 aquarium visitor guide
  13. 13. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA/BAJA GALLERYRay Touchpool 13Reach into our RayTouchpool and gentlyfeel one of our batrays or shovelnoseguitarfish. Theselocal residents livealong the sandybottom of our bayswhere they feed oninvertebrates such as Bat ray at the Ray Touchpoolclams and crustaceans. Some rays have a stinger on their ATTENTION For the health andtails. This helps to protect them safety of our animals, please be gentle!from predators or may be used ifaccidentally stepped on. Our rayshave their stingers painlessly clipped,so they are safe to touch. Use Only Two Fingers! We now offer a Feed a Rayprogram. Sign up at the Information Round Ray Urobatis halleriCenter. See page 4 for moreinformation. Full-grown round rays are Do Not Scratch! about the size of a dinner plate. Round rays are good swimmers, propelling themselves by undulating Do Not Grab! the edges of their over- sized pectoral fins. They AMAZING SHARKS are capable of substantial bursts of speed if needed. They cover themselves with mud or sand, leaving only their eyes and spiracles exposed, an excellent camouflage technique. Sharks have a wide range of sizes, A large number of appearances, and behaviors. round rays congregate off Seal Beach, California The largest fish in the world is the 40-foot seasonally. When visiting whale shark that feeds on plankton. The a beach such as Seal sandbar shark can grow up to six feet Beach, it is a good idea to long as an adult. At the other extreme, a shuffle your feet through full-grown dwarf shark only reaches seven the sand if you go in the inches in length. water to be sure not to step on a round ray. aquarium visitor guide 13
  14. 14. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA/BAJA GALLERYGulf of California 14The Gulf of California is one of the world’s most biologicallyproductive and diverse seas. Described by Jacques Cousteau as“the world’s aquarium,” the Gulf of California is home to manyunique species. The Aquarium has partnered with World WildlifeFund (WWF) to raise awareness of this region. Life in the Gulf Many animals rely on the Gulf of California for vital habitat, nursing grounds, and food supply. Whales, United States sharks, turtles, and fishes pass through this area during their migrations. However, tourism and Gulf of development have put pressure Mexico on the region. The Aquarium and Gulf of California WWF work together on public outreach and conservation efforts in this area. GARDEN EEL BALLOONFISH MEXICAN LOOKDOWN Heteroconger sp. Diodon holocanthus Selene brevoortiiCORTEZ RAINBOW WRASSE CORTEZ ANGELFISH YELLOWTAIL SURGEONFISHThalassoma lucasanum Pomacanthus zonipectus Prionurus punctatusKING ANGELFISH POPEYE CATALUFA LONGNOSE BUTTERFLYFISHHolacanthus passer Pseudopriacanthus serrula Forcipiger flavissimus14 aquarium visitor guide
  15. 15. AQUARIUM-WIDESharksFor millions of years sharks have beena factor in the ocean’s biodiversity andcontributed to its health. Today they stillplay a vital role in maintaining marineecological balance. The numbers of fishes,invertebrates, and marine plants fall outof equilibrium in the absence of sharks,causing shifts throughout the food webthat in turn affect us. We still don’t know a great deal aboutmany shark species, even the commonones. How have they succeeded insurviving for millions of years almostunchanged? Where do they go toreproduce? How do they navigate theocean? How long do they live? Questionslike these motivate researchers. Shark Myths After the 1975 release of the movie Jaws, the media started to use fear-inducing terms like AMAZING SHARKS man-eating monster, ruthless Lik io Like lions and tigers Like lions and tigers ke ions d igers iger killer, etc. to describe sharks, despite the few attacks that and other top land occur each year. The public has predators, sharks been so influenced by myths need to be viewed as that it is easy to lose sight of awesome wild animals. how important, complex, and They are important to intriguing sharks are. our ocean and to us, and we need to do our part to protect them. There are a number of laws designed to protect marine mammals as well as threatened or endangered species. Sharks also need protection. The Shark Conservation Act of 2009 (S.B. 850) is the type of legislation that could make a difference for sharks. aquarium visitor guide 15
  16. 16. SECOND FLOORNorthern Pacific GalleryThe Bering Sea is home to more than 450 species of fish and invertebrates,50 bird species, and 25 species of marine mammals. The Aquarium’s journeythrough the Northern Pacific, focusing on the Bering Sea, includes exhibits thatfeature southern sea otters, the giant Pacific octopus, four species of divingbirds, and the giant spider crab. Giant Pacific Coastal Corner Octopus Discovery Lab Sea Stars 18 Jellies 19 Bays & Sounds 17 BP Sea Otters Sandy Diving Bottom Birds Giant Surge Surge Spider Crabs Channel Channel Whales: Voices in 17 the Sea 2ND FLOOR 1ST FLOOR LEGEND restrooms elevators information center child care station 21 guide stop stroller show embossing dining phones (see today at parking the aquarium) station SUNFLOWER SEA STAR RED TAILED SURFPERCH Pycnopodia helianthoides Amphistichus rhodoterus16 aquarium visitor guide
  17. 17. NORTHERN PACIFIC GALLERYWhales: 17Voices in the SeaOur award-winning Whales:Voices in the Sea interactivekiosk exhibit allows gueststo explore how whales usecomplex sounds to commu-nicate and navigate aroundtheir world. Watch the call of a whale on a spectrogram, andthen record your own version of the call to see howclosely you copy it.NORTHERN PACIFIC GALLERY California SkateDiving Birds 17 Raja inornata This hardnose skate isLiving in and above the icy waters of the Northern found nearshore fromHemisphere, puffins, auklets, and other diving the Gulf of Californiabirds spend most of their lives on the open ocean. to the California andIn the summer months, they use rocky coasts and Washington coasts.islands for breeding. California skates live on or near the bottom of the ocean, mingling among lingcod, rockfish, sole, Pacific cod, and other groundfishes. This plain-looking animal was given the species name inornata, which is Latin for “without adornment.”HORNED PUFFIN CRESTED AUKLETFratercula corniculata Aethia cristatella Note: The California Skate and its embosser are located on the 1st floor in the Northern Pacific Preview.TUFTED PUFFIN PIGEON GUILLEMOTFratercula cirrhata Cepphus columba aquarium visitor guide 17
  18. 18. NORTHERN PACIFIC GALLERYSea Jellies 18Sea jellies are made up of over 90 percent water. A jelly has no brain, no eyes,no heart, and no bones. It is hard to imagine surviving without them, let alonethriving. Yet, sea jellies have flourished in the world ocean for 650 millionyears. These simply constructed creatures have pulsated through coastalwaters and icy ocean trenches for ages.While jellies certainly appear gracefuland delicate, these elegant invertebratescan wield painful stings when protectingthemselves or capturing prey. Dependingon the species, a sea jelly may have upto 800 tentacles that bear the stingingnematocysts that can injure or immobilizeenemies or prey. These stinging cellsbehave like tiny harpoons armed withtoxic chemicals. When a tentacle touchesanother object, thousands of stinging cells Exploding Sea Jelliesinvoluntarily explode, launching barbs Sea jellies are a natural part ofinto the victim. This adaptation makes healthy ecosystems. But in manythe sea jelly an efficient, if unintentional, parts of the ocean, jellies are morepredator and helps protect it from most abundant than they used to be,other animals that would make a meal of indicating unhealthy changes.its soft body. Nutrients from sewage treatment Of the estimated 200 species of sea plants and river runoff triggerjellies, approximately 70 are known to intense plankton blooms, providingsting humans, with varying degrees of a rich food source for jellies. Alsoseverity. Real “ghosts” of the sea, some overfishing eliminates competition,jellies can inflict stings long after death, allowing jelly populations to explode.a good reason to let them rest in peace. WEST COAST NETTLE CRYSTAL JELLY Chrysaora fuscescens Aequorea aequorea18 aquarium visitor guide
  19. 19. NORTHERN PACIFIC GALLERYBP Sea Otters 19Sea otters, the smallest of the marinemammals, are the only ones that do nothave blubber to keep them warm in thecold ocean water. In order to stay warm,sea otters have to eat a lot. By eating 25to 30 percent of their weight each day,sea otters turn that food into energy withtheir high metabolisms. Abalone, squid,sea urchins, clams, snails, and numerousother invertebrates are part of their diet.An adult male sea otter may consume asmuch as 15 pounds of food in one day. Sea otters also have very dense fur to SOUTHERN SEA OTTERkeep them warm. Grooming is almost a Enhydra lutris nereisconstant activity for sea otters. You haveprobably seen the Aquarium’s sea ottersroll at the surface of the water. They are A Sea Otter’s Coatbusy trapping a layer of air inside their fur. Sea otters’ dense furAmazingly, water never touches the otter’s maintains their bodyskin. Of course, it is vital for an otter to keep temperature at 100°Fits fur clean so that the undercoat stays dry. in the cold ocean water. Sea otter pelts were once in high They have the densestdemand. Widespread hunting almost led fur of any animal onto their extinction. Now protected, sea the planet! In just oneotters are making a slow comeback. It is square inch of its fur, aestimated that millions of Southern sea sea otter has enoughotters once existed along the California hair to cover an entirecoast. In the 19th century, hunting left German shepherd.as few as 50 otters off the Californiacoast. Since then, federal protection asan endangered species has brought theirnumbers back up to nearly 3,000 seaotters. A caring public is still needed toensure their recovery. Sponsored by BP aquarium visitor guide 19
  20. 20. SECOND FLOORTropical Pacific GalleryThe Aquarium’s Tropical Pacific Gallery represents the archipelago of Palau,the western-most section of Micronesia. Palau’s waters contain an incrediblediversity of coral, fish, and other marine animals. This area is home to sharks,seahorses, stonefish, sea turtles, and many other animals. Sex Change Baby Bamboo Sharks Exhibit & Egg Cases Sea Turtle Jewels of 23 the Pacific Deep Reef 22 Soft Coral Tunnel Seahorses The Reef 22 Sea Stonefish Frogs 24 Snakes Clownfish & Live Coral Anemones Tropical Reef Coral 21 Habitat Bleaching Coral 24 24 Lagoon 21 Weedy Sea Leafy Sea Dragons Dragons 2ND FLOOR 1ST FLOOR LEGEND restrooms elevators information center child care station 21 guide stop stroller show embossing dining phones (see today at parking the aquarium) station OLIVE RIDLEY SEA TURTLE Lepidochelys olivacea20 aquarium visitor guide
  21. 21. TROPICAL PACIFIC GALLERYCoral Lagoon 21Our Coral Lagoon is a habitat for many animalsthat have developed very specific adaptationsto capture and consume their meals as well asto avoid becoming someone else’s prey. Throughspecialization, coral reef animals have foundways to coexist in a very dense and competitiveenvironment.THREE SPOT DAMSELFISH MONODascyllus trimaculatus Monodactylus argentus Epaulette Shark Hemiscyllium ocellatumCLOWN TRIGGERFISH FOXFACE RABBITFISH Epaulette sharks haveBalistoides conspicillum Siganus vulpinus cream-colored skin with black dots. Two larger dots above the pectoral fins are called ocelli and resemble the epaulettesYELLOWTAILED FUSILIER FLATHEAD MULLET on a military uniform.(Juvenile) Mugil cephalusCaesio cuning A type of bamboo shark, epaulettes liveTROPICAL PACIFIC GALLERY in coral reefs and inLive Coral 21 tidepools off the shores of Austalia, Papau New Guinea, Indonesia, andCorals are animals that rely on a community of Malaysia. These slendertiny single-celled plants known as zooxanthellae. sharks have been seenIn fact, it is the zooxanthellae that give corals their “walking” on the oceanbrown color. floor on their fins. If Zooxanthellae live within the coral tissue and caught in a tidepool aftercan provide up to 95 percent of a coral’s nutrition. the tide has receded,In return, they get nutrition from the coral’s waste. an epaulette can “turnThese small inhabitants are very sensitive to the off ” enough if its bodysurrounding water’s temperature as well as other functions to survivefactors. If the conditions become undesirable for the several hours with littlezooxanthellae, they leave or are expelled. When this or no oxygen.happens, the coral bleaches. When corals bleach,they commonly lose 60 to 90 percent of their zoo-xanthellae, and the coral animal is at risk of dying. aquarium visitor guide 21
  22. 22. TROPICAL PACIFIC GALLERYFrogs 22Poison dart frogs have glands in their skin that containstrong neurotoxins. The toxin in these frogs is acquiredthrough their diet of insects, so they lose it when theyare in an environment such as the Aquarium. Like canaries in coal mines, frogs are sensitiveanimals that often show the first signs that indicatea problem in an ecosystem. These amphibiansare prone to genetic abnormalities, disease, andreproductive disorders caused by pollution, habitatloss, and global climate change. GREEN AND BLACK POISON DART FROG Dendrobates auratusGOLDEN POISON DART FROG BLUE POISON DART FROG SPLASHBACK POISON DART FROGDendrobates terriblis Dendrobates azureus Dendrobates galactonotusTROPICAL PACIFIC GALLERYDeep Reef 22Showcasing animals that live on deepreef slopes, this exhibit features manytypes of orange cup corals (Tubastreacoccinea, T. micrantha), longfin anthias(Pseudanthias ventralis), and firefish(Nemateleotris magnifica). Most corals use zooxanthellae toconvert sunlight into energy throughphotosynthesis. However, all of thecorals in this exhibit lack zooxanthellae.Therefore, they must eat plankton, tinymicroorganisms that drift in the sea,for subsistence. Water motion is veryimportant for corals, as they rely on oceancurrents to bring them their food. The watermotion in this exhibit was modified tocreate an ideal habitat for these animals.22 aquarium visitor guide
  23. 23. TROPICAL PACIFIC GALLERYBlue 23Spotted RayThe blue-spottedribbontail ray (Taeniuralymma) in the SexChange Exhibit doesnot change sex duringits life. It was placed inthis display because itgets along so well withthe other animals. This docile ray has along thin tail with blue on each side and one or twovenomous barbs. Female blue-spotted ribbontailrays usually have litters of seven pups. The ribbon-tail ray needs coral reefs for habitat and could bethreatened if these ecosystems are not conserved. Shark Egg Case Some sharks lay eggs in a case that looks like seaweed. At the ends, the egg tapers to small openings, so water can move through. The egg cases have long threads that attach to hard structures. Shark pups inside an egg feed on the yolk sac. As they grow, the yolk gets smaller and smaller and the pup hatches. A shark egg case is also called a AMAZING SHARKS “mermaid’s purse.” Generally speaking, rays are flat-bodied sharks. Their gill slits are on the undersides of their bodies, rather than on the sides of their heads. Most rays swim by flapping or undulating their pectoral fins, as opposed to using their tails like sharks. Exceptions to the rule include the guitarfishes, electric rays, and sawfishes. aquarium visitor guide 23
  24. 24. TROPICAL PACIFIC GALLERYTropical Reef 24The Tropical Reef Habitat is the Aquarium’s largest exhibit, containing 350,000gallons of water and over 1,000 animals from the tiny cleaner wrasse to thezebra shark. This exhibit represents the famous Blue Corner off the coast ofPalau. This area, lush and abundant with life, is considered one of the mostbeautiful dive sites in the world.ORANGESPINE UNICORNFISH BLUESPINE UNICORNFISH PYRAMID BUTTERFLYFISHNaso lituratus Naso unicornis Hemitaurichthys polylepisREDTOOTH TRIGGERFISH SERGEANT MAJOR SAILFIN TANGOdonus niger Abudefduf troschelii Zebrasoma veliferumPALETTE TANG BLUE-LINED SNAPPER POWDER BLUE TANGParacanthurus hepatus Lutjanus kasmira Acanthurus leucosternonCRIMSON SNAPPER BLUEFIN TREVALLY ACHILLES TANGLutjanus erythropterus Caranx melampygus Acanthurus achillesRACCOON BUTTERFLYFISH EMPEROR ANGELFISH SEMICIRCLE ANGELFISHChaetodon lunula Pomacanthus imperator Pomacanthus semicirculatus24 aquarium visitor guide
  25. 25. QUEENSLAND GROUPEREpinephelus lanceolatusNAPOLEON WRASSE (MALE)Cheilinus undulatusOLIVE RIDLEY SEA TURTLELepidochelys olivacea Bowmouth Guitarfish Rhina ancylostoma The bowmouth is found in the tropical and subtropical coastal waters of Australia, inBONNETHEAD SHARK the Indo-Pacific, and offSphyrna tiburo the coast of East Africa. This unmistakable creature is also known as a sharkfin guitarfish or shark ray. A large adult may be six feet long and weigh about 150 pounds, but can get up to 10 feet long and 300 pounds.COWNOSE RAYRhinoptera steindachneriGOLDEN TREVALLY YELLOW TANGGnathanadon speciosus Zebrasoma flavescens aquarium visitor guide 25
  26. 26. EXPLORERS COVELorikeet Forest 26The Aquarium’s aviary is home to approximately 100 lorikeet birds. Our feath-ered friends enjoy the company of guests like you. If you would like a bird tospend some time perched on your arm, try offering them a cup of their favoritedrink of nectar, available for purchase upon entry. In addition to what the birdsare fed by guests, Aquarium staff members bring out bowls of blended fruit andnectar to fill out their diet. A Forest of Color Native to Australia, the lorikeet’s diet is comprised of nectar, flowers, fruits, berries, and unripe grain. They have a specialized tongue that allows them to easily consume their soft food and liquid diet. Lorikeet Forest features ORNATE LORIKEET GREEN NAPE LORIKEET five sub-species of Rainbow Trichoglossus ornatus Trichoglossus haematodus Lorikeets. Lorikeet Forest also haemotodus features two close relatives of Rainbow Lorikeets, the Black-capped Lory and the Violet-necked Lory. Unlike lorikeets that have long tapered tails, lories have short blunt tails. If you notice a bird with an orange band on its leg, that means it was born at the Aquarium of the Pacific! EDWARD’S LORIKEET SWAINSON’S LORIKEET Trichoglossus haematodus Trichoglossus haematodus capistratus moloccanusFORSTEN’S LORIKEET VIOLET-NECKED LORY BLACK-CAPPED LORYTrichoglossus haematodus forsteni Eos squamata riciniata Lorius lory26 aquarium visitor guide
  27. 27. EXPLORERS COVEOur Watersheds 27Pathway to the PacificA watershed is an area of land whereall the surface water drains to the samelower destination, such as San PedroBay. This water can come from high in themountains or from rain that falls on ourstreets. Watersheds come in all shapesand sizes. They cross county, state, andnational boundaries. No matter where youare, you are in a watershed. And what youdo in your watershed impacts the oceanand the animals that call it home. In Los Angeles and Orange Countiesthere are several watersheds, includingthose of the San Gabriel, Los Angeles,Santa Clara, and Santa Ana Rivers; The Watershed ClassroomBallona, Malibu, and Topanga Creeks; The Aquarium has a classroom thatand the Dominguez Channel. Our exhibit is a LEED-certified, carbon-neutralfocuses on the watersheds of San Pedro building. The Aquarium harvestsBay, which includes the San Gabriel and energy for this building through solarLos Angeles Rivers and the Dominguez panels. Any excess green energyChannel. Our Watersheds features a that is acquired during the day goesnative garden with a mosaic of plants to Southern California Edison. Thefound along the coastal areas of the classroom is used for educationSan Pedro Bay watersheds. Native plants programs and for meetings.require little to no water and attract nativebirds, bees, and butterflies.FUNDED BY THE RIVERS AND MOUNTAINS CONSERVANCYOther Watershed Displays 27Be sure to visit the wave fountain locatedtowards the front of the Aquarium, and takenote of the Rios de la Vida mosaic mural,which explores the journey of water from ourmountains to the sea. Next, imagine what our watershed lookedlike 200 years ago. Stroll along the publicwalkway outside the Aquarium towardsPierpoint Landing. You will find Our WatershedStory, an educational panel that compares thehistoric and current watersheds. aquarium visitor guide 27
  28. 28. EXPLORERS COVEShark Lagoon 28Sharks You Can Touch!Visit Shark Lagoon and learn more about the ocean’s most mysterious andmisunderstood predators. Touch a zebra or bamboo shark, and peer into thedepths to see a sand tiger or blacktip reef shark. Shark Have Six Senses! ATTENTION For the health and Sharks can hear up to one mile away safety of our animals, please be gentle! and smell up to 1,000 feet away. They can sense through touch and have excellent vision, with the ability to see HORSESHOE CRAB Use Only up to 70 feet away. Using an organ Limulus polyphemus Two Fingers! called the lateral line, sharks can feel movement or the vibration of water up to 300 feet away. Using specialized receptors called Ampullae of Lorenzini, Do Not Scratch! sharks can sense electrical impulses up to four inches away. Do Not Grab! PLEASE NOTE: To continue your journey STINGRAY Dasyatis sp. to Southern California/Baja, proceed up the stairs or elevator and return to page 12, Rocky Intertidal. WHITE-SPOTTED BAMBOO SHARK Chiloscyllium plagiosum ZEBRA SHARK (JUVENILE) Stegastoma fasciatumBROWN-BANDED BAMBOO SHARKChiloscyllium punctatum RETICULATE WHIPTAIL RAY EPAULETTE SHARK Himantura uarnak Hemiscyllium ocellatum28 aquarium visitor guide
  29. 29. EXPLORERS COVEShark LagoonSharks You CAN’T Touch!SAND TIGER SHARKCarcharias taurusFRESHWATER SAWFISHPristis microdon Sandbar Shark Carcharhinus plumbeus The sandbar shark is oneWHITETIP REEF SHARK of the biggest coastalTriaenodon obesus sharks in the world. Commonly found over muddy or sandy bottoms in shallow waters such as bays, estuaries, harbors, or the mouths of rivers,BLACKTIP REEF SHARKCarcharhinus melanopterus it also swims in deeper waters and intertidal zones. Its prominent dorsal fin can be up to 18 percent of its total body weight, making it of particular interest to commercial fishing forZEBRA SHARK (ADULT) shark fins. The sandbarStegastoma fasciatum shark is an opportunistic bottom-feeder that preys primarily on relatively small bony fishes, eels, skates, rays, dogfish, octopus, squid, bivalves, shrimp, and crabs.NURSE SHARKGinglymostoma cirratum aquarium visitor guide 29
  30. 30. AQUARIUM OF THE PACIFICShark ConservationHealthy oceans need sharks, and without them there are unpredictableconsequences to the balance of ecosystems and, in turn, the seafood werely on. And while sharks are rarely a threat to humans, we have become thenumber one threat to sharks. Somewhere between 30-100 million sharks dieeach year due to fishing activity.Our Appetite for SharksShark liver oil is often used in the cos- supplements. Shark fins are used to makemetics industry as a softening agent for popular shark fin soup. Shark finningcreams and lipstick. Shark and ray skin in particular is a major cause of sharkhas been used as an alternative to leather mortality. It is often done in an inhumanein the manufacture of boots, belts, and manner because the fins are removedother items. Shark meat has become while the sharks are alive. Because the restan important source of protein as other of the shark is usually thrown back, it isspecies of food fish disappear. And shark also considered a wasteful fishing practice.cartilage and oil are used to make health Things you can do! While the ocean can be a source for many of our needs and has been seen as a potential source for many miracle drugs, there are many products that use shark where other alterna- tives exist. Each of us can make decisions that can help sharks. Below are a few suggestions to help. ✓ Do not order shark fin soup. Let your host know if you do not want to be served shark fin soup at a ✓ Do not purchase shark oil or wedding reception or other function. shark cartilage supplements ✓ Look for shark oil in the list of whenever possible. ingredients of products such as ✓ Do not eat shark steaks or other lotions, lipsticks, and hemorrhoid shark meats. creams, and avoid these products. Also if you see squalene listed, find ✓ Do not buy shark skin leather. out if it was made from sharks. ✓ Support legislation that protects ✓ Eat sustainable seafood and avoid sharks. fish caught on a longline, which ✓ Educate others on the puts sharks and other non-targeted importance of sharks. animals at risk.30 aquarium visitor guide
  31. 31. AQUARIUM OF THE PACIFICAdditionalAquarium OpportunitiesEducationThe Aquarium of the Pacific hosts a Annual Membership Passvariety of fun and engaging programs for Apply the cost of your admissionboth adults and children. Visit our website today to an Aquarium membership!at www.aquariumofpacific.org, call (562) Support our great non-profit while951-1630, or pick up a brochure at our enjoying our exhibits all year. InInformation Center to find out more. addition to unlimited admission for 12 months, you will be invited toVolunteer member events, receive discounts,Do you want to make a difference? The and be subscribed to our memberAquarium depends on its more than 600 magazine. Call (562) 437-FISH (3474).volunteers to help us achieve our missionof ocean education and conservation. Helpbehind-the-scenes or with our guests asan exhibit interpreter or guest ambassador.For information on becoming a volunteer,pick up an application at the InformationCenter, visit www.aquariumofpacific.org, orcall (562) 951-1659. LOCATED ACROSS THE HARBOR WITH THEPacific CollectionsBe sure to stop by the Pacific Collections Freshest S E A F O O D &gift store for a unique selection of gifts,toys, CDs, educational items, housewares, Amazing V I E W S .clothing, and art. Open daily from 9:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. or go to shop.aquariumofpacific.org to browse from home.Adopt an AnimalStarting at $40, you can Adopt an Animal,helping to pay for the care and feedingof our Aquarium family. In return, youreceive a special certificate, photo, and 562.432.6500much more. Pick up an Adopt an Animal SHORELINEbrochure at the Information Center. VILLAGE LONG BEACH PA R K E R S ’ L I G H T H O U S E W W W. PA R K E R S L I G H T H O U S E . C O M PRESENT THIS AD FOR A COMPLIMENTARY GIFT WITH THE PURCHASE OF ANY ENTREE. aquarium visitor guide 31
  32. 32. Aquarium Directory Area code: 562 General Information: ..................................................................590-3100 Membership Information: ...........................................437-FISH (3474) Group Tours & Reservations: .................................................... 951-1695 Special Events & Private Parties: ............................................... 951-1663 Education Programs:................................................................... 951-1630 Gift Store: .......................................................................................951-1732 Volunteer Opportunities:............................................................ 951-1659 Café Scuba: .................................................................................... 951-1740 TDD:................................................................................................951-3140 Development: ................................................................................ 951-5341 Website: .......................................................www.aquariumofpacific.org The Aquarium of the Pacific is a non-profit 501(c)3 institution with a mission to instill a sense of wonder, respect, and stewardship for the Pacific Ocean, its inhabitants, and ecosystems. We rely heavily on the generous donations of individuals and organizations. During your visit, you may be filmed, videotaped, or photographed by an Aquarium of the Pacific employee, volunteer, or contract service professional. Your admission to our facility serves as permission for use of your image by the Aquarium of the Pacific and its constitu- ents. The commercial use of photographs, video, and film you may have taken during your visit is strictly prohibited without the full written consent of the Aquarium of the Pacific. Live It with Charter™ is a customer rewards program exclusively for Charter Communications customers. 100 Aquarium Way • Long Beach, CA • 90802 www.aquariumofpacific.org Hours: 9:00 a.m.– 6:00 p.m. dailyPrinted on recycled paper. ©2009 Aquarium of the Pacific Cost: 50¢