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Unit 1 Lesson 04


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Unit 1 Lesson 04

  1. 1. Lesson 4 Strip Boarding, Scheduling, and Budgeting Digital Video BASICS Schaefermeyer
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Create a strip board using Microsoft Excel </li></ul><ul><li>Cast each role in the script </li></ul><ul><li>Know what to look for when scouting for locations </li></ul><ul><li>Know what you need for a crew </li></ul><ul><li>Schedule a fictional narrative shoot </li></ul><ul><li>Create a budget sheet using Microsoft Excel </li></ul><ul><li>Know how to create a storyboard </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Audio operator </li></ul><ul><li>Camera operator </li></ul><ul><li>Casting </li></ul><ul><li>Casting call </li></ul><ul><li>Craft services </li></ul><ul><li>Director </li></ul><ul><li>Director of photography </li></ul><ul><li>Gaffer </li></ul><ul><li>Grip </li></ul><ul><li>Storyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Strip board </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Scheduling a shoot for a fictional narrative is probably the most difficult, especially if the script calls for a number of actors and locations. </li></ul><ul><li>Scheduling a documentary can be tricky, but most of what is to be scheduled is driven by factors beyond the control of the documentary maker. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  5. 5. Create a Strip Board Using Microsoft Excel <ul><li>A strip board consists of two parts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The strip board that identifies the information and holds the strips. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The strips themselves. Each strip has the elements needed to shoot each scene. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The purpose of a strip board is to put all of the information for what needs to be shot in one location. </li></ul><ul><li>As you complete a strip for each scene, organize the strips according to location. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  6. 6. Create a Strip Board Using Microsoft Excel (continued) Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS <ul><li>A strip board gives you a quick, visual reference of what you need to do. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Casting Each Role in the Script <ul><li>A try-out for an acting job is called a casting call. </li></ul><ul><li>A casting director works with the talent agencies who know actors that would fit in any variety of roles. </li></ul><ul><li>The casting director gives the director headshots (portraits) of the actors. </li></ul><ul><li>The director identifies actors he or she would like to have audition for each role. </li></ul><ul><li>Actors audition for the director and casting director, but the producer and others may be there as well. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  8. 8. Casting Each Role in the Script (continued) <ul><li>Actors do a cold reading of the script, which means they have not seen the script before. </li></ul><ul><li>A callback means that the actors are seriously being considered for a role and the director wants them to come back and audition again. </li></ul><ul><li>At callbacks, the actor usually is asked to read again, sometimes with another actor being considered for a part. </li></ul><ul><li>The producer or director makes a decision and has the casting director offer the part to whomever he or she feels will do the best job. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that each character is played by an actor who fits the role. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  9. 9. Know What to Look for When Scouting for Locations <ul><li>Five things to consider when choosing a location: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure you have permission to be at the location. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure you have power outlets or electricity for lights and camera equipment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the audio at the location. Make sure you know what is going on around you and what you need to do to get good audio. </li></ul></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  10. 10. Know What to Look for When Scouting for Locations (continued) Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS <ul><ul><li>Consider transportation. Make sure that you plan ahead so that cast, crew, and equipment get to where they need to be. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider food and water for the cast and crew. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Know What You Need for a Crew <ul><li>A basic crew includes the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Director. The director is in charge of the artistic side of things. He or she makes the final say of what is seen and heard in the final production. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory of Photography (DP). The director tells the DP how the scene should look and feel, and the DP makes it happen through composition of the shot and the lighting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Camera Operators. They run the camera and move and adjust the shot according to the director of photography’s instructions. </li></ul></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  12. 12. Know What You Need for a Crew (continued) Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS <ul><ul><li>Audio Operator. This person sets up the audio connections and makes sure the audio works the way it should. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaffer. He or she is the electrician who makes sure the equipment has the necessary power and is where it needs to be. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grip. This person who moves objects around and puts them where they need to be. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You may also want someone to do make-up and take care of craft services, such as food, snacks and drinks for the cast and crew. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Scheduling a Fictional Narrative <ul><li>How long it takes to shoot a scene depends on the complexity of the scene and how many camera setups it requires. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A setup occurs any time you move a camera. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A complex scene, like a carefully choreographed fight, could take days to shoot because of all the setups and stunts. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use the strip board to schedule fixed dates. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down which days you are going to shoot and which shooting day you shoot each scene on the strip for each scene. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  14. 14. Scheduling a Fictional Narrative (continued) <ul><li>Schedule cast and crew. Determine how much time you need to set up and prepare wardrobe and makeup, and then determine when you shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>Crew call is the time you want the crew there. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure everyone involved knows where they need to be and when to be there. Make sure every scene has been scheduled. </li></ul><ul><li>Write everything down. Keep track of your information so you know what is going on and when it is going to happen. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  15. 15. Create a Budget Sheet Using Microsoft Excel <ul><li>After you have an idea of cast and crew, where you will shoot, and an idea of how long you will shoot, you can create a budget. </li></ul><ul><li>The budget needs to be flexible, as it will change. </li></ul><ul><li>Budget for tape stock, equipment rental, craft services, transportation, props, wardrobe, and make-up. If the cast and crew are not volunteers, you have to budget for them as well. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  16. 16. Create a Budget Sheet Using Microsoft Excel (continued) <ul><li>You are using a Sum function to do your math, which means that any time you enter money spent into the formula, it needs to be a negative number. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  17. 17. Know How to Storyboard <ul><li>The storyboard is a visual guide for the shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple drawings will work. In a more expensive production, you can hire a storyboard artist. </li></ul><ul><li>The storybook should appear like a comic book, with the page divided into six squares or frames for each drawing. </li></ul><ul><li>Storyboard each frame until you have a good idea of what the scene looks like. </li></ul><ul><li>Lines that correspond to the shot should be written underneath. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  18. 18. Know How to Storyboard (continued) <ul><li>For more complex scenes, the storyboard should give an idea of what each shot should look like. A complex scene may have a great number of storyboard frames. </li></ul><ul><li>Storyboards should not be polished works of art. They need to be done quickly, but they need to be accurate and clear enough to show what the shot looks like. </li></ul><ul><li>Camera moves can be shown with an arrow and a quick explanation written underneath. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  19. 19. Summary <ul><li>A strip board is a visual guide to help you identify what will be shot and who needs to be involved each day of a shoot. You also learned how to create a strip board using Microsoft Excel. </li></ul><ul><li>The things that need to be scheduled in order to prepare for a shoot include cast, crew, equipment, and locations. </li></ul><ul><li>You can create a budget sheet using Microsoft Excel. </li></ul><ul><li>The kind of items that need to included in a budget for a small shoot include cast, crew, equipment, and possible location and transportation costs. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS
  20. 20. Summary (continued) <ul><li>Identify cast members that will best fill each role in a script. </li></ul><ul><li>Know the different crew positions and identify what you will need for a shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>When identifying a location for shooting, you need to be aware of accessibility needs, power needs, lighting and equipment needs, and how to identify possible audio problems. </li></ul><ul><li>A storyboard helps you in each shot. </li></ul>Schaefermeyer Digital Video BASICS