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Eric Fredericksen: Presentation: Online Learning Leadership in US Higher Education

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Day 2 Presentation
Eric Fredericksen
Presentation: Online Learning Leadership in US Higher Education

Annual conference for the SUNY online teaching and learning community of practice.
https://commons.suny.edu/cotehub/
March 6-8, 2019, Syracuse, NY.

Conference website: http://opensunysummit2019.edublogs.org/
Program: http://opensunysummit2019.edublogs.org/about/program/
Recordings: http://opensunysummit2019.edublogs.org/mediasite/
Materials: http://opensunysummit2019.edublogs.org/registration/materials/
Open SUNY Online Teaching: http://commons.suny.edu/cote/

Published in: Education
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Eric Fredericksen: Presentation: Online Learning Leadership in US Higher Education

  1. 1. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Online learning leadership in US higher education Eric E. Fredericksen, EdD Associate Vice President for Online Learning & Associate Professor in Educational Leadership University of Rochester Open SUNY Summit March 7, 2019
  2. 2. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Interest in Leadership for Online Learning
  3. 3. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Growth in Online Education
  4. 4. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen The Prediction
  5. 5. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen But what do we know about the leaders who are guiding these vital efforts? • With the growth of online education, • the increased strategic importance of online education to the institution, and • the visibility of these efforts to the BOT and executives, è it is understandable that Presidents and Provosts have created new leadership positions for online learning.
  6. 6. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Goals of the Studies § Develop a systematic and comprehensive list of leaders for online learning in US Higher Education § Collect institutional data for context § Gather information about the position and professional experience of the leader § Capture demographic and other information about these individual leaders § Investigate the potential relationships among these factors and dimensions https://olj.onlinelearningconsortium.org/index.php/olj/article/view/1164 https://olj.onlinelearningconsortium.org/index.php/olj/article/view/1458
  7. 7. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Who is on point for online learning in colleges and universities in the US? § How do you find out when there is no existing list? § Review of institutional web sites and search for: § Organizational charts § President and Provost cabinets § Online learning / education § eLearning § Distance education / distance learning § Instructional / academic/ educational technology § Centers for Instructional Innovation / Teaching Excellence § Global Campus / World Campus / Virtual Campus / Extended Studies § Campus / Faculty / Staff / Office Directories § Press releases § Sometimes it takes 5-10 minutes… other times, much longer § Variation in title § Systematic approach – by enrollment size of the institution § (what else would you do in your free time in the summer?)
  8. 8. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Two National Studies Total Population Identified Population Sample R1 115 (11%) 112 (14%) 43 (17%) R2 107 (10%) 100 (12%) 37 (15%) R3 113 (10%) 84 (10%) 28 (11%) M1 398 (37%) 322 (39%) 106 (42%) M2 214 (20%) 139 (17%) 32 (13%) M3 141 (13%) 63 (8%) 9 (4%) Total 1088 820 255 Universities (2016-2017) Total Population Identified Population Sample Very Large 74 (7%) 72 (10%) 25 (11%) Large 170 (17%) 160 (21%) 56 (25%) Medium 322 (31%) 286 (38%) 84 (37%) Small 458 (45%) 233 (31%) 61 (27%) Total 1024 752 226 Community Colleges (2017-2018)
  9. 9. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Institutional Context § Loosely Coupled Systems - Weick (1976) § Organized Anarchy - Cohen and March (1986) § Professional Bureaucracy - Mintzberg (1979)
  10. 10. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Organizational Theory related to Higher Education § Loosely Coupled Systems § Weick (1976) § the image that coupled events are responsive, but that each event also preserves its own identity and some evidence of its physical or logical separateness § “… since some of the most important elements in educational organizations are teachers, classrooms, principals, and so forth, it may be consequential that in a loosely coupled system there is more room available for self determination by the actors.”
  11. 11. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Organizational Theory related to Higher Education § Organized Anarchy § Cohen and March (1986) § Ambiguity = a state of uncertainty or being understood in multiple ways § Ambiguity of Purpose § Ambiguity of Power § Ambiguity of Experience § Ambiguity of Success
  12. 12. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Organizational Theory related to Faculty § Professional Bureaucracy § Mintzberg (1979) § The professional bureaucracy is highly decentralized horizontal and vertical structure. Power is seen at the bottom of the structure with the professionals of the operating core. § Professionals gain power by knowing that their work is very complex which eliminates the need for supervision by a manager. § Highly democratic § Professionals control their own work and seek to control the administrative decisions that impact their work. § “Collegial organizations” – professional operators at the top and administrators are below serving them.
  13. 13. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen How do you and your institution define the scope of online learning for your position? Universities (2016-2017) Community Colleges (2017-2018) 9% 17% 68% 6%18% 18% 60% 4% Complete Online Complete & Hybrid All courses Other
  14. 14. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen 5 10 6 16 7 1 5 7 2 23 8 1 30 17 19 66 13 7 2 2 1 1 4 0 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% R1 R2 R3 M1 M2 M3 Other Complete and Hybrid/Blended Online Courses and Programs AND online learning for all courses Complete and Hybrid/Blended Online Courses and Programs Complete Online Courses and Programs χ2 (15, n=253) = 22.364, p<.099 How do you and your institution define the scope of online learning for your position?
  15. 15. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen 7 6 4 4 3 11 15 9 14 36 59 42 1 2 5 5 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Very Large Large Medium Small Other Complete and Hybrid/Blended Online Courses and Programs AND online learning for all courses Complete and Hybrid/Blended Online Courses and Programs Complete Online Courses and Programs χ2 (9, n=223) = 14.478, p<.106 How do you and your institution define the scope of online learning for your position?
  16. 16. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen What are the highest level strategic goals for online learning at your institution? 82% 74% 67% 65% 54% 31% 24% 12% 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 Grow total institutional enrollments above existing levels Promote Instructional innovation Promote student engagement Enhance student retention Reach out-of-state- students Reach international students Help maintain total institutional enrollments at existing levels Other Grow total institutional enrollments above existing levels Promote Instructional innovation Promote student engagement Enhance student retention Reach out-of-state-students Reach international students Help maintain total institutional enrollments at existing levels Other University Leaders
  17. 17. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen What are the highest level strategic goals for online learning at your institution? 73% 74% 71% 77% 22% 9% 50% 10% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Grow total institutional enrollments above existing levels Promote Instructional innovation Promote student engagement Enhance student retention Reach out-of-state- students Reach international students Help maintain total institutional enrollments at existing levels Other Grow total institutional enrollments above existing levels Promote Instructional innovation Promote student engagement Enhance student retention Reach out-of-state-students Reach international students Help maintain total institutional enrollments at existing levels Other Community College Leaders
  18. 18. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen How many years ago did your institution create a leadership position for online learning? 2% 6% 14% 14% 9% 8% 39% 8% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Lessthan 1 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 More than 10 Ichoose not to answer Universities (2016-2017) Community Colleges (2017-2018) 6% 11% 19% 16% 9% 5% 29% 6% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Less than 1 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 More than 10 I choose not to answer Less than 1 1-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 More than 10 I choose not to answer
  19. 19. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Has your institution used your online learning efforts as a catalyst for organizational changes? Universities (2016-2017) Community Colleges (2017-2018) 72% 28% Yes No 71% 29%
  20. 20. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen 28 25 23 78 21 5 13 12 3 28 11 4 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% R1 R2 R3 M1 M2 M3 No Yes χ2 (5, n=251) = 6.071, p<.299 Has your institution used your online learning efforts as a catalyst for organizational changes?
  21. 21. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen 19 32 61 44 6 22 20 16 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Very Large Large Medium Small No Yes χ2 (3, n=220) = 4.798, p<.187 Has your institution used your online learning efforts as a catalyst for organizational changes?
  22. 22. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen What groups at your institution have been unified within your university? 59% 76% 38% 27% 65% 62% 69% 42% 65% 12% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Academic / Educational Technology Instructional Design Faculty IT Support Library support for faculty Learning Management Systems Online Learning Policy Development Faculty Development and Training Center for Teaching and Learning Course design and multimedia development Not Applicable - there have been no changes to our organization Academic / Educational Technology Instructional Design Faculty IT Support Library support for faculty Learning Management Systems Online Learning Policy Development Faculty Development and Training Center for Teaching and Learning Course design and multimedia development Not Applicable - there have been no changes to our organization
  23. 23. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen What groups at your institution have been unified within your community college? 59% 70% 33% 31% 74% 66% 72% 34% 56% 13% 18% 29% 6% 6% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Academic / Educational Technology Instructional Design Faculty IT Support Library support for faculty Learning Management Systems Online Learning Policy Development Faculty Development and Training Center for Teaching and Learning Course design and multimedia development Marketing Advising Student Services Educational Research Not Applicable - there have been no changes to our organization Academic / Educational Technology Instructional Design Faculty IT Support Library support for faculty Learning Management Systems Online Learning Policy Development Faculty Development and Training Center for Teaching and Learning Course design and multimedia development Marketing Advising Student Services Educational Research Not Applicable - there have been no changes to our organization
  24. 24. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen What are the top priorities or issues related to online learning for you and your university? 1. Faculty Development and Training 2. Strategic planning for online learning at your institution 3. Staffing for instructional design and faculty support 4. Funding and resources at your institution 5. Providing student support 6. Marketing and promotion of online courses and programs 7. Development of institutional policies for online learning 8. Insuring academic integrity 9. State Regulations and SARA (State Authorization and Reciprocity Agreement) 10.Evaluation / Implementation of learning management systems 11.Learning analytics 12.Conducting research about the effectiveness of online learning 13.Working with Online Education Service Providers 14.Development of a MOOC strategy
  25. 25. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen What are the top priorities or issues related to online learning for you and your community college? 1. Faculty Development and Training 2. Providing student support 3. Strategic planning for online learning at your institution 4. Insuring academic integrity 5. Staffing for instructional design and faculty support 6. Funding and resources at your institution 7. Development of institutional policies for online learning 8. Evaluation / Implementation of learning management systems 9. State Regulations and SARA (State Authorization and Reciprocity Agreement) 10.Marketing and promotion of online courses and programs 11.Learning analytics 12.Conducting research about the effectiveness of online learning 13.Working with Online Education Service Providers 14.Development of a MOOC strategy
  26. 26. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Professional Experience § Applying Leadership Theories to Distance Education Leadership - (Nworie, 2012) § Transformational Leadership Theory - Downton (1973), Burns (1978), Bass (1985)
  27. 27. In addition to your leadership role for online learning, do you also hold a faculty appointment? Universities (2016-2017) Community Colleges (2017-2018) 12% 19% 69% 24% 26% 50% Yes - Tenure or tenure track professor Yes - Non tenure track professor No
  28. 28. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen 16 11 5 20 7 1 10 3 7 34 6 4 16 21 15 50 18 4 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% R1 R2 R3 M1 M2 M3 No Yes - Non Tenure Track Yes - Tenure Track χ2 (10, n=248) = 16.509, p<.086 In addition to your leadership role for online learning, do you also hold a faculty appointment?
  29. 29. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen 3 7 9 7 2 6 19 15 20 41 55 37 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Very Large Large Medium Small No Yes - Non Tenure Track Yes - Tenure Track χ2 (6, n=221) = 6.666, p<.353 In addition to your leadership role for online learning, do you also hold a faculty appointment?
  30. 30. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Professional Background and Experience of University Leaders F2F classroom teaching? Online teaching? Management/leadership? Instructional design? Educational research? IT? 10% 5% 21% 22% 13% 11% 17% 0% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 9% 4% 23% 30% 20% 13% 1% 1% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 1% 1% 20% 25% 20% 17% 14% 1% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 10% 2% 20% 29% 15% 15% 7% 2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 23% 6% 35% 19% 6% 4% 5% 3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 27% 6% 18% 14% 10% 10% 13% 2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer
  31. 31. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Professional Background and Experience of Community College Leaders F2F classroom teaching? Online teaching? Management/leadership? Instructional design? Educational research? IT? 10% 5% 21% 22% 13% 11% 17% 0% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 9% 4% 23% 30% 20% 13% 1% 1% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 1% 1% 20% 25% 20% 17% 14% 1% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 10% 2% 20% 29% 15% 15% 7% 2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 23% 6% 35% 19% 6% 4% 5% 3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer 27% 6% 18% 14% 10% 10% 13% 2% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer I do not have any Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer
  32. 32. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen What is your age? 0% 3% 19% 37% 30% 7% 0% 3% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ I choose not to answer 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ I choose not to answer University Leaders
  33. 33. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen What is your age? 0% 4% 23% 35% 30% 4% 0% 5% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ I choose not to answer 18-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75+ I choose not to answer Community College Leaders
  34. 34. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Whom do you report to? 5% 52% 23% 7% 5% 3% 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% President Provost (Chief Academic Officer) Other Senior Academic Leader Vice President / Senior Vice President (Outside of Academic Affairs) CIO (Chief Information Officer) Dean of a School Other President Provost (Chief Academic Officer) Other Senior Academic Leader Vice President / Senior Vice President (Outside of Academic Affairs) CIO (Chief Information Officer) Dean of a School Other University Leaders
  35. 35. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Whom do you report to? 5% 37% 24% 14% 3% 7% 11% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% President Provost (Chief Academic Officer) Other Senior Academic Leader Vice President / Senior Vice President (Outside of Academic Affairs) CIO (Chief Information Officer) Dean of a School Other President Provost (Chief Academic Officer) Other Senior Academic Leader Vice President / Senior Vice President (Outside of Academic Affairs) CIO (Chief Information Officer) Dean of a School Other Community College Leaders
  36. 36. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen How many years of experience do you have in higher education? 0% 3% 11% 21% 20% 45% 0%0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50% Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer University Leaders
  37. 37. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen How many years of experience do you have in higher education? 0% 2% 12% 22% 28% 35% 0% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer Less than 1 1-5 6-10 11-15 16-20 More than 20 I choose not to answer Community College Leaders
  38. 38. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Have you been an online student? (credit bearing) Universities (2016-2017) Community Colleges (2017-2018) 6% 46% 34% 14%12% 40% 13% 35% Yes - one online course Yes - multiple online courses Yes - an online degree program No
  39. 39. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Which of the following organizations or associations do you or your university belong? (check all that apply) 77% 67% 26% 49% 52% 22% 10% 61% 5% 3% 9% 5% 3% 1% 2% 0% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 7% 8% 13% 11% 11% 8% 11% 12% 12% 13% 9% 11% 22% 60% 38% 37% 69% 78% 27% 83% 84% 82% OLC ELI USDLA UPCEA WCET -WICHE ISTE AECT QM ADEC ICDE NUTN No No but might join Yes but might drop Yes
  40. 40. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Which of the following organizations or associations do you or your community college belong? (check all that apply) 52% 38% 21% 4% 32% 13% 7% 59% 4% 4% 10% 42% 5% 2% 2% 1% 2% 3% 1% 4% 0% 0% 0% 2% 13% 11% 16% 6% 11% 11% 8% 10% 13% 11% 7% 8% 30% 49% 61% 89% 55% 74% 84% 27% 83% 86% 83% 48% OLC ELI USDLA UPCEA WCET - WICHE ISTE AECT QM ADEC ICDE NUTN League for Innovation No No but might join Yes but might drop Yes
  41. 41. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen How do you stay informed about the state of online learning? (peers, methods, research, technologies, vendors, etc.) 216 responses to this open ended question 1.Research – 57% 2.Peers – 56% 3.Conferences / Associations – 54% 4.Online Groups / Lists / Blogs – 37% 5.Media / News – 31% 6.Vendors – 19% University Leaders
  42. 42. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen How do you stay informed about the state of online learning? (peers, methods, research, technologies, vendors, etc.) 205 responses to this open ended question 1. Peers – 56% 2. Research – 42% 3. State organizations – 31% 4. Publications – 28% 5. Conferences / Associations – 23% 6. Online Groups / Lists / Blogs – 23% 7. Vendors – 20% 8. National organizations – 11% Community College Leaders
  43. 43. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Please feel free to offer any other comments or suggestions related to this role. § The sooner that online education is widely understood as an expansive concept that is integral to most everything we do in higher education, the better. I look forward to the day when online education (understood broadly) is the default and there are specialized people working in the Office of Time- and Place- Bound Education supporting those who work within the limitations of a traditional classroom.
  44. 44. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Summarizing the Key Findings
  45. 45. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Key Findings § Counter to a strict focus on distance education, the great majority report responsibility for supporting all types of courses. § Almost 3 out of 4 institutions report using online learning efforts as a catalyst for organizational change. § The majority of Online Learning Leadership positions report to the Provost /Chief Academic Officer of the institution or other Senior Academic Leader. § Positions held by very seasoned leaders
  46. 46. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen What do Community College Leaders have in common with their University Colleagues • Scope includes all courses for majority of institutions • Online Learning as a catalyst for organizational change • The same six units/activities are unified in organization • Reporting line through Provost or Chief Academic Officer • Faculty Development and Training the top priority • Associate with OLC, QM, and ELI • Years the individual has held this position and years of higher education experience • Professional experience (some) • Stay informed through Peers and Research
  47. 47. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Where do Community College Leaders differ with their University Colleagues • University Leaders more likely to have a faculty appointment • University Leaders more likely to hold doctoral degree • Community College leaders more likely to have online student experience • Community College leader positions have been in place longer • Top goal of Community College leaders is student retention and top goal for university leaders is growing enrollments • Community Colleges more likely to use service providers • Community College leaders connected to state organizations • Gender – 61% female leaders in Community Colleges vs 50% in universities • University leaders more likely to stay informed through conferences and associations
  48. 48. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Moving Forward… The Changing Landscape of Online Education (CHLOE) Survey § A partnership with Quality Matters and Eduventures Research § Based on mainstreaming of online learning, and emergence of online learning leaders § An opportunity to compare institutional policies, practices, and priorities § Free, downloadable, annual reports § CHLOE3 § Type of Institution § Curriculum and Enrollment § Quality Assurance and Outcomes § Outcomes and Accountability § Teaching and Learning § Organization and Management
  49. 49. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Thank you … questions? eric.fredericksen@rochester.edu A National Study of Online Learning Leaders in US Higher Education (2017) https://olj.onlinelearningconsortium.org/index.php/olj/issue/view/53 A National Study of Online Learning Leaders in US Community Colleges (2018) https://olj.onlinelearningconsortium.org/index.php/olj/article/view/1458
  50. 50. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Titles
  51. 51. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen R1 Leadership Titles
  52. 52. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen R2 Leadership Titles
  53. 53. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen R3 Leadership Titles
  54. 54. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen M1 Leadership Titles
  55. 55. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen M2 Leadership Titles
  56. 56. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen M3 Leadership Titles
  57. 57. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Very Large 2 year - Leadership Titles
  58. 58. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Large 2 Year - Leadership Titles
  59. 59. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Medium 2 year - Leadership Titles
  60. 60. Dr. Eric E. Fredericksen Small 2 Year - Leadership Titles

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