In pairs, discuss for a few minutes which teaching/ learning situation you would prefer and why.
Now, as one group, share your opinions and decide how one-to-one teaching is different in terms of:● Where ● When ● Why ● How ● Who
Group Teaching One-to-one teachingWhere Classroom / seminar room School / companyWhen Fixed timetabled classes Young learners, exam students,Who adults, businessmen Learners learn from each other asHow well as from teacher Group dynamics very important - English one of the school subjectsWhy - Classroom teaching is the norm in that culture/ context / in preparing for this exam
Group Teaching One-to-one teaching Classroom / seminar room Classroom / seminar roomWhere School / company School / company Online Teacher’s / Learner’s home Online more often Timetabled classes, sometimes atWhen Fixed timetabled classes unusual times / days But changes / cancellations must be factored inWho Young learners, exam students, All types but quite often, adult adults, businessmen professionals Learners learn from each other as Only Teacher-Student interaction - canHow well as from teacher limit type of activities Group dynamics very important Materials designed specifically for one- to-one classes may be more difficult to get - English one of the school subjects - Student has very specific needsWhy - Classroom teaching is the norm in - Student has limited time that culture/ context / in preparing - Student can afford to have more personalized tuition and has high for this exam expectations
Advantages and Problems in one-to-one teaching Discuss in pairs the following areas: + -Course Design:Timing andStructureMaterials andResourcesActivities andTechniquesInteraction:Roles andRelationshipMotivation andPressure
Advantages and Problems in one-to-one teaching Discuss in pairs the following areas: - + Teacher can tailor instruction to Often schools don’t give a syllabus learner’s needs, learning style, for one-to-one classes so it is more pace, level, etc. difficult to record and show progress to the student. The learner’s strengths andCourse Design: weaknesses are addressed more It can be difficult to measureTiming and consistently and fully. progress without the framework of a syllabus or other students toStructure There are fewer time constraints. compare with. This means we can spend as long as necessary to address our student’s needs, and explore areas of personal interest Teacher and learner can negotiate course content, which fosters learner autonomy
Advantages and Problems in one-to-one teaching + - Learner can be involved in Difficult to plan lessons aroundMaterials and choosing course content, and a coursebook, which tends toResources providing materials of their be written for groups interest A lot of adaptation is needed. Teachers can select materials which are bound to motivate T may have to create materials the student. from scratch.
Advantages and Problems in one-to-one teaching + - No mixed abilities – no fast The teacher has to be very finishers to deal with. careful when acting as parnerActivities and in pair work: grade language,Techniques Personalized activities. avoid dominating the activity More opportunity for learner Teachers might feel bad about training activities. doing reading and writing. They worry that students will see it as a “waste of time”. Teachers find it difficult to take notes for correction without distracting the student.
Advantages and Problems in one-to-one teaching + - Learner’s practice Only interaction is with teacher – no pair/group work with other learners, opportunities are maximized which can be a bit monotonous for both the teacher and the learner.Interaction: Learner gets the teacher’sRoles and undivided attention and can The learner doesn’t have much time toRelationship reflect and process input as in a class use teacher as a resource where the teacher might be more comfortable with silent periods. We as teachers can learn something too. Students can The role of counsellor can be stressful. Teachers might feel uncomfortable teach us about their interests, listening to personal problems of their work and experiences. students / lesson becomes a chat
Advantages and Problems in one-to-one teaching + - Student/ teacher personality Likely to be much more differences or opposing opinions motivating for the learner due can demotivate both the teacher to level of involvement. and the learner.Motivation and Some learners find lack of Monotonous setting andPressure interaction. peer pressure liberating. Both teacher and learner always “on” - can be stressful and physically and mentally exhausting for both Some learners feel uncomfortable or “ put on the spot” when no other Ss. The teacher may feel pressurised to achieve results because of a greater degree of responsibility
- Individually, take 2 minutes to come up with a solution for 3 of theproblems mentioned above.- Write each solution on a separate piece of paper but do NOT mentionwhich problems it addresses.- Give the pieces of paper to another trainee. Can they guess whichproblem the solution addresses?Example:Try changing the pace of the lesson as often as possible.Can you guess what this is a remedy for?
Now try and match the following tips to the problem areas mentioned above● Do a thorough needs analysis. Discuss your ● Explain what you are doing and why learner’s needs and get agreement. ● Be very flexible● Set clear goals. It is important to set long and short term objectives which include types of ● Try a range of methods and techniques activities such as reading, role-plays, watching ● Find a range of methods for giving videos as well as language points. Also do feedback regularly to check if these goals have feedback to your learner. been met. ● Use homework to support learning● Go and get a coffee or have a walk for a few minutes while your student reads or ● Don’t be afraid of silence. does some other individual activity ● Use the internet for resources, authentic● Take part in pair work activities - be materials and inspiration student B. This can be a great listening ● Move around the classroom furniture or exercise for the student as well as a change sitting positions quite often. speaking activity. ● Take notes openly. Explain why you are doing it.