The Grammar-Translation
Method
The Direct Method
Gianna Di Dino
Alexandra Fuentes
From Techniques and Principles in Langua...
Grammar-Translation
Principles:
* Grammar rules, vocabulary
* Teacher is the authority
* Students should translate
* Gramm...
Useful techniques
* Reading comprehension questions
* Cognates
* Fill-in-the-blank exercises (grammar)
* Composition
Other techniques
* Translation of complete passages
* Antonyms/Synonyms
* Deductive application of grammar rules
* Memoriz...
Comparison with our practices
The Direct Method
Principles:
* T directs class. Ss passive (not as G-TM)
* Topic based syllabus
* Vocabulary > Grammar (i...
Useful techniques
* Reading aloud
* Question/answer (orally)
* Conversation practice
* Fill-in-blank exercises (vocabulary...
Other techniques
* Getting students to self-correct
* Dictation
Comparison with our practices
Conclusion
* Teacher should be informed
* Advantages/disadvantages of methods

* Consider learners’ needs
Thanks for your time!
References
Anderson, M. & Larsen-Freeman, D. (2011).
Techniques & Principles in Language Teaching.
Uk: Oxford University P...
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Mid term 3

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Mid term 3

  1. 1. The Grammar-Translation Method The Direct Method Gianna Di Dino Alexandra Fuentes From Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching By Diane Larsen-Freeman
  2. 2. Grammar-Translation Principles: * Grammar rules, vocabulary * Teacher is the authority * Students should translate * Grammar deductively * Literary language > spoken language * Focus on written production (tested)
  3. 3. Useful techniques * Reading comprehension questions * Cognates * Fill-in-the-blank exercises (grammar) * Composition
  4. 4. Other techniques * Translation of complete passages * Antonyms/Synonyms * Deductive application of grammar rules * Memorization * Use word in sentences
  5. 5. Comparison with our practices
  6. 6. The Direct Method Principles: * T directs class. Ss passive (not as G-TM) * Topic based syllabus * Vocabulary > Grammar (inductively) * 4 macroskills are important * Evaluation: based on communication * Ss encourage to self-correct
  7. 7. Useful techniques * Reading aloud * Question/answer (orally) * Conversation practice * Fill-in-blank exercises (vocabulary) * Drawing * Paragraph writing
  8. 8. Other techniques * Getting students to self-correct * Dictation
  9. 9. Comparison with our practices
  10. 10. Conclusion * Teacher should be informed * Advantages/disadvantages of methods * Consider learners’ needs
  11. 11. Thanks for your time!
  12. 12. References Anderson, M. & Larsen-Freeman, D. (2011). Techniques & Principles in Language Teaching. Uk: Oxford University Press.

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