Photojournalism and Documentary Photography

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Photojournalism and Documentary photography as taught by Alexandra Copley

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Photojournalism and Documentary Photography

  1. 1. PHOTO-JOURNALISM<br /> by alexandracopley<br />
  2. 2. WHAT IS PHOTOJOURNALISM?<br />Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that creates images in order to tell a story..http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-3HiLyjUy8<br />
  3. 3. 2 words.photo<br />a representation of a person or scene recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material (digital censor)<br />
  4. 4. JOURNALISM<br />the timely reporting of events at the local, provincial, national and international levels. Relevant. <br />
  5. 5. THE PHOTO TELLS A COMPLETE STORY IN AN IMAGE<br />
  6. 6. Photojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography (such as documentary photography, street photography or celebrity photography) by the qualities of:<br />
  7. 7. Timeliness<br /> the images have meaning in the context of a recently published record of events.<br />SOLDIERS AFGHANISTAN WAR<br />
  8. 8. Objectivity<br /> the situation implied by the images is a fair and accurate representation of the events they depict in both content and tone<br />POST-ELECTION PROTEST, IRAN<br />
  9. 9. Narrative<br />the images combine with other news elements to make facts relatable to the viewer or reader on a cultural level.<br />DHARAVI SLUM, MUMBAI<br />
  10. 10. The images in a photojournalism piece may be accompanied with explanatory text, or shown independently, with the images themselves narrating the events they depict<br />GAZA STRIP, JERUSALEM<br />
  11. 11. WHAT IS A PHOTOJOURNALIST?<br />A photojournalist uses pictures instead of words to tell a story. They can also accompany their images with some text to elaborate on the details or events. <br />
  12. 12. What makes a photojournalist different from a photographer?<br />
  13. 13. Photographers take pictures of nouns (people, places and things)<br />
  14. 14. Photojournalists shoot action verbs ("kicks," "explodes," "cries," etc.)<br />
  15. 15. Photojournalistsdo shoot some nouns.<br />
  16. 16. However, the nouns we seek still must tell a story.<br />
  17. 17. WORLD PRESS PHOTO OF THE YEAR<br />SHOUTING PROTESTS FROM ROOFTOPS, IRAN<br />
  18. 18. DOCUMENTING THE ANTARTIC<br />
  19. 19. EVENTS, EMOTIONS, EVERY LITTLE BIT OF INFORMATION<br />
  20. 20. An image has no age, language or intelligence limits<br />
  21. 21. 1. ANTICIPATION2. TIMING3. COMPOSITION<br />
  22. 22. PHOTOJOURNALISTS<br />Eddie Adams<br />Mathew Brady<br />Robert Capa<br />Henri Cartier-Bresson<br />Walker Evans<br />Lauren Greenfield<br />Ed Kashi<br />André Kertész<br />Danny Lyon<br />Susan Meiselas<br />James Nachtwey<br />SebastiãoSalgado<br />W. Eugene Smith<br />Peter Turnley<br />Gordon Parks<br />Lewis Hines<br />Jacob Riis<br />Steve Mccurry<br />Diane Arbus<br />
  23. 23. The Decisive Moment<br />Henri Cartier-Bresson<br />
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  27. 27. PHOTOJOURNALISTS CHANGING LIVES<br />
  28. 28. LEWIS HINES<br />AMERICAN PHOTOGRAPHER<br />
  29. 29. EXPOSED CHILD LABOR PRACTICES<br />
  30. 30. BECAUSE OF HIM, LAWS WERE CHANGED<br />
  31. 31. SEBASTIAO SALGADO<br />BAZILIAN PHOTOJOURNALIST<br />
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  34. 34. BOOKS<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. GORDON PARKS<br />AMERICAN PHOTOJOURNALIST<br />AMERICAN GOTHIC, HARLEM<br />
  37. 37. FLAVIO DE SILVA, BRAZIL<br />SERIES FOR LIFE MAGAZINE IN RIO DE JANEIRO, 1961<br />
  38. 38. CHANGING LIVES<br />In 1961, Parks did a series for LIFE on the slums of Brazil and found himself in what he describes as "dead center in the worst poverty I have ever encountered—in the favela of Catacumba, a desolate mountainside outside of Rio de Janeiro." In true Parks fashion, instead of giving a broad view without much depth, he focused on an individual affected by the larger story, just as he had done with Red Jackson, from the Harlem gang series.At just 12, Flavioda Silva was already dying, from tuberculosis. Flavio lived with his parents, brothers and sisters in a one-room shack. The images Parks created while living with the da Silva family illustrated the family's reliance on their dying son. "What Flavio cared most about," says Parks, "was that his younger brothers and sisters were taken care of. It was very noble of him. . . . I definitely learned more from Flavio about character than Flavio learned from me."After the story ran, LIFE readers contributed money to help with Flavio's medical care. Parks says that people sent in roughly $30,000 to bring Flavio to America. "I went back to Brazil and the doctors told me that Flavio would die on my hands if I took him to America.I took him anyway and after living there for two years, he was cured." When Flavio went back home to Brazil, Parks bought Flavio's father a new truck with the money everyone had sent in, and then LIFE donated $25,000 so that Parks could help the family buy a new home.<br />
  39. 39. BORN INTO BROTHELS<br />CALCUTTA, INDIA<br />
  40. 40. 5 PHOTOGRAPHY ESSAY TIPS<br />
  41. 41. 1. FIND A TOPIC<br /> Photo essays are most dynamic when you as the photographer care about the subject. Make your topic something in which you find interest.<br />
  42. 42. LOOKING FOR WHAT OTHERS DON’T SEE…<br />
  43. 43. 2. DO YOUR RESEARCH<br /> For example, if you document a newborn’s first month, spend time with the family. Discover who the parents are, what culture they are from, whether they are upper or lower class. These factors will help you in planning out the type of shots you set up for your story.<br />
  44. 44. LOOKING FOR STORIES THAT HAVEN’T BEEN TOLD<br />
  45. 45. 3. FIND THE “REAL STORY”<br /> After your research, you can determine the angle you want to take your story. The main factors of each story create an incredibly unique story.<br />
  46. 46. NOT AFRAID TO BE WHAT YOU ARE PHOTOGRAPHING<br />
  47. 47. 4. Every dynamic story is built on a set of core values and emotions that touch the heart of its audience<br />Joy. Fear. Hurt. Excitement. The best way you can connect your photo essay with its audience is to draw out the emotions within the story and utilize them in your shots. This does not mean that you manipulate your audience’s emotions. You merely use emotion as a connecting point<br />
  48. 48. DOCUMENTARY/ TERU KUWAYAMA<br />http://silberstudios.tv/videos/conflict-zone-photos-teru-kuwayama<br />Uses semi functional Polaroids and toy camera (its the photographer not the camera that makes the photo)<br />Looks for the counter narrative<br />Has compassion for his subjects/ topics<br />
  49. 49. 5. PLAN YOUR SHOTS<br />Visualize each shot of the story, or simply walk through the venue/place/event in your mind, you will want to think about the type of shots that will work best to tell your story.<br />
  50. 50. ENVIRONMENTALPORTRAITURE<br />
  51. 51. 5 SECOND PORTRAIT<br />
  52. 52. 5 MINUTE PORTRAIT<br />
  53. 53. FEELINGTHE LIGHT<br />SUN<br />ARTIFICIAL <br />REFLECTION<br />GLOW<br />
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  56. 56. TIPS<br />Try to avoid posed photos. No Snapshots!<br />Try to capture emotion. <br />Photograph faces not backs.<br />Let your picture tell the story.<br />Use different angles and perspectives.<br />Avoid inanimate objects. Focus on people.<br />Don’t forget the Rule of Thirds.<br />The Decisive Moment <br />
  57. 57. INANIMATE OBJECTS<br />VS.<br />
  58. 58. DON’T PHOTOGRAPH BACKS<br />
  59. 59. FACES FOR EMOTION<br />
  60. 60. LET YOUR PICTURE TELL A STORY<br />
  61. 61. More Mags<br />In The Fray<br />Blue Eyes Magazine<br />Social Documentary.net<br />Lunatic<br />F-Stop Magazine<br />Vewd<br />Lens Culture & Interviews<br />The Digital Journalist<br />Media Storm (audio & visual)<br />File Magazine<br />Travel Photography Network<br />Colours Magazine<br />Deep Sleep<br />See Saw<br />Photo Eye Magazine<br />Aperture.org<br />Reuters<br />
  62. 62. EVER WANT TO BE A NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC PHOTOGRAPHER<br />Your Shot—This online contest allows photographers of all skill levels to submit their favorite images for possible publication in National Geographic. Each day a panel of editors selects 12 outstanding photographs to be published as part of the “Daily Dozen.”<br />
  63. 63. OTHER <br />Freelance (blogging)<br />Agency (getty, redux)<br />Gallery (caladangallery.com)<br />Stock Photography (shutterstock.com)<br />
  64. 64. CALL ME FOR INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTION: 976 9842 976<br />

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