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  • Review the girls: what are the literary elements we discussed last week?
  • These series of events make up the story. And every story has a…
  • The exposition introduces most if not all of the main characters in the story. It shows how they relate to one another, what their goals and motivations are, and the kind of person they are. Most importantly, in the exposition, the audience gets to know the main character (protagonist}, who gets to know his or her main goal and what is at stake if s/he fails to attain it.i.e. HUNGER GAMES: If Katniss doesn’t hunt, her family will suffer. Bridge to Terabithia: ASK CELINE ZAMORA. Jesse Aarons, the only boy in a family of five children, lives in rural southwest Virginia. His mother favors his sisters, while the father works out of state. The second youngest sister admires him though. A new neighbor arrives, one who seems to be part of a loving family. That girl is Leslie Burke, an only child whose parents are both wealthy writers. They fill a void in each other as Jess and Leslie soon become close friends. HOLES: At the beginning of the story, Stanley Yelnats, a 13-year-old boy who is supposedly affected by a family "curse", has been wrongly accused of stealing the shoes of the baseball player Clyde Livingston from a charity auction. As punishment for this crime, he is sent to Camp Green Lake, a juvenile detention and correctional facility where convicts of similar age are forced to dig holes to "build their character". Warden Walker, real granddaughter of Trout Walker, is actually looking for a buried treasure that outlaw Katherine "Kissin' Kate" Barlow stole from Stanley's great-grandfather. Years ago, Stanley's family got cursed by Madame Zeroni, a fortune-teller and ancestor, due to a promise not fulfilled by ElyaYelnats, Stanley's great-great-grandfather, more popularly known in the novel as a "no-good-dirty-rotten-pig-stealing great-great-grandfather".
  • Generally, in this phase the protagonist understands his or her goal and begins to work toward it. At this point, the protagonist will encounter a couple of smaller problems and we see the character/s overcome these obstacles.DETAILS. Sometimes, you will not see the importance of certain events, but when the climax hits you, AHHHH. LIGHTBULB MOMENT.i.e. HG: Katniss’ experience in the arena. She makes new enemies as well as new friends.Bridge: Establishing Terabithia; Christmas gifts, etc.Holes: Finding treasure by digging holes; escapeWhat you are reading in LW now. BTW, what’s going on in Chapters 7-10?
  • The point of climax is the turning point of the story, where the main character makes the single big decision that defines the outcome of their story and who they are as a person. The beginning of this phase is marked by the protagonist finally dealing with the smaller problems. She is now ready to tackle the main problem, perhaps the antagonist as well. Usually, entering this phase, both the protagonist and the antagonist have a plan to win against the other. Now for the first time we see them going against one another in direct, or nearly direct, conflict.This struggle results with neither character completely winning, nor losing, against the other. Usually, each character's plan is partially successful, and partially foiled by their adversary. What is unique about this central struggle between the two characters is that the protagonist makes a decision which shows us one's moral quality, and ultimately determines one's fate. In a tragedy, the protagonist here makes a bad decision, which is one's miscalculation and the appearance of one's tragic flaw.The climax often contains much of the action in a story, for example, a defining battle.HPDH – Final battle
  • the loose ends are being tied up. However, it is often the time of greatest overall tension in the play, because it is the phase in which everything goes most wrong.In this phase, the villain has the upper hand. It seems that evil will triumph. The protagonist has never been further from accomplishing the goal. For Freytag, this is true both in tragedies and comedies, because both of these types of play classically show good winning over evil. The question is which side the protagonist has put himself on, and this may not be immediately clear to the audience.
  • there is a final confrontation between the protagonist and antagonist, where one or the other decisively wins. This phase is the story of that confrontation, of what leads up to it, of why it happens the way it happens, what it means, and what its long-term consequences are.
  • What makes a story a story
  • What makes a story a story
  • What makes a story a story
  • What makes a story a story
  • What makes a story a story
  • What makes a story a story
  • There are three basic types that we will be using for our reading and writing.
  • Have you ever had a conflict with yourself?Are there any decisions you regret? Are you haunted by what ifs and what could have beens?
  • Of course, it doesn’t have to be literally two men. It may involve women, a woman and a man, and it doesn’t have to be people. It just has to be two different characters in a story.
  • It is more than likely that you’ve experienced this type of conflict in your life at least once. Have you had one today? I know I have.
  • Athletes competing against each otherSpeakers, politicians, debaters trying to outwit one another
  • The conflict is always part of a __ __ __ __ [plot]
  • This diagram shows how a story evolves and develops to make things interesting
  • In a tub, your physical capabilities are restricted, in lay man’s terms, you don’t have much room to move.
  • c

    1. 1. LITERARY ELEMENTS To be continued…
    3. 3. ___ Cinderella lives unhappily with her stepsisters and their mother ___ Cinderella leaves hurriedly at at midnight and loses a slipper ___ A fairy godmother appears and provides Cinderella with clothes, coach, and footmen ___ The prince says he will marry the woman whom the slipper fits ___ Cinderella and the prince live happily ever after ORDER, PLEASE! ___ An invitation to the palace ball arrives ___ Cinderella and the prince marry ___ The stepsisters prepare for and go to the ball ___ The stepsisters try to force their feet into the slipper, but it fits only Cinderella ___ Cinderella goes to the ball and dances with the prince
    4. 4. 5. PLOT the main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence What shapes the story • Events that make up the story
    5. 5. 5. PLOT  the basic structure of the story  the series of related events in which a problem is explored and then solved  created through conflict—a struggle between people, ideas and other forces  can have more than one conflict  events can shift from past to present
    6. 6. THE FIVE STAGES OF A PLOT All the World is a Stage
    7. 7. Exposition Plot Diagram
    8. 8. 5.1 EXPOSITION The characters and setting are revealed • You are given background information • Get to know [almost] all of „em! Sets the scene for conflict • You get your first taste of the main problem • Who is the protagonist and what is his / her main goal? What is at stake if s/he fails to attain it?
    9. 9. 5.2 RISING ACTION The conflict or problem is developed Events in the story become more complicated Shows the progression of the story You find out more about the different characters
    10. 10. 5.3 CLIMAX The highest point of interest in a story The tension, suspense, or most exciting part • The “Turning Point” • Will the conflict be resolved? • What is going to happen next?
    11. 11.  Shows what happens to the characters after the climax  Events and complications are usually resolved • You know “what happened next” 5.4 FALLING ACTION
    12. 12. 5.5 RESOLUTION Shows how the conflict is resolved • Concludes the falling action Draws the story to an end
    13. 13. HOMEWORK Answer the Activity Sheet attached to your handout Be ready to check and discuss the answers NO HW, NO ENTRY, NO GRADE FOR THE DAY
    15. 15. WHAT‟S GOING ON? Figure it out
    16. 16. THE CONFLICT I’m sorry. Is there a problem?
    17. 17. CONFLICT Why is it necessary? Why is it important? Without any conflict or problem, a story would probably be pretty boring
    18. 18. CONFLICT Any opposition that the main character faces Does not refer to verbal arguments alone • Battles • Internal struggles • Etc.
    19. 19. CONFLICT Two main types: • External • Outsides one‟s self • Internal • Within one‟s self; must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet one‟s temper, resist an urge, etc.
    20. 20. 1. MAN VS. HIMSELF A character has trouble deciding what to do or think The struggle is internal A character must overcome his own natures or make a choice between two or more paths: good and evil; logic and emotion
    21. 21. When a character has a conflict or problem with another character • Involves two different characters in a story 2. MAN VS. MAN
    22. 22. 2. MAN VS. MAN Most common type of conflict There are many reasons why a character can have a conflict with another character Not all conflicts or problems
    23. 23. 3. MAN VS. NATURE A character has a conflict with Mother Nature, who, at times, is unpredictable Nature can leave people devastated by its power
    24. 24. CONFLICT Why is it necessary? Why is it important? Without any conflict or problem, a story would probably be pretty boring Can there be more than one conflict?
    25. 25. THE CONFLICT IS PART OF THE PLOT the series of related events in which a problem is explored and then solved created through conflict—a struggle between people, ideas and other forces can have more than one conflict events can shift from past to present
    26. 26. WHAT IS THE PLOT? the main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence What shapes the story • Events that make up the story
    27. 27. Exposition Plot Diagram
    28. 28. PLOT DEVELOPMENT How a story progresses Three types: • Man in a hole • Man in a tub • Man on the road
    29. 29. The character has a problem and s/he needs to solve it • Problem = hole • Get outta there! 1. MAN IN A HOLE
    30. 30. 2. MAN IN A TUB  In the story, the character focuses internally and may lead to change in point of view, attitude, feeling, conviction, self, and concrete action
    31. 31. The story is about a journey, not about finding a solution to a problem 3. MAN ON THE ROAD