Content What is Sustainable Procurement? Why implement a Sustainable Procurement? Does Canada implement it? Canadian Public Procurement Policies Sustainable Procurement in different levels of Canadian Governments Examples: GTA, City of Vancouver, Halifax Green procurement vs. Sustainable Procurement
What is Sustainable Procurement A process whereby organizations meet their needs for goods and services in a way that achieves value for money on a whole life basis in terms of generating benefits not only for the organization, but also to society and the economy, whilst minimizing damage to the environment. Procuring the Future, 2006
Why implement a SustainableProcurement? Showcases the commitment of an organization Removes arbitrary consideration Provides authority when encountering resistance to change Enable competitive advantage Compliance with regulations (depending on the jurisdiction)
Does Canada implement it? Public procurement – in use since 1980s Sustainable procurement - requires wider application by authorities
Canadian Public ProcurementPolicies 1986 - Federal Contractors Program - ensuring non-discrimination - complemented the Federal Employment Equity Act 1996 Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development announced procurement measures - increase the participation of aboriginal businesses in bidding for federal government contracts
Sustainable Procurement inCanada Driving force was - an international momentum towards greener purchasing - worldwide demand for environmentally preferable products and services
Federal Government’s response 2005 – founded Office of Greening Government Operations (OGGO) 2006 - OGGO developed Policy on Green Procurement - requires all government bodies to develop green procurement targets Most governmental bodies developed green procurement policies, but to what degree?!
Provincial and Local Governments Focus on different stages Education and support - involving non-governmental partners - stakeholders - charities to promote learning Emphasis on specific products/services
The Green ProcurementCommunity of Practice (GP COP) Provides a forum for government purchasing staff Connect experts and practitioners and Create a collaborative and cooperative learning environment Does such forums provide needed informational and other types of support to governmental officials in sustainable procurement?
The city of Vancouver Initiated pre-procurement - actions purchaser takes prior to issuing a tender for a particular product or service. - involves engagement with businesses; a two-way exchange of information General principle: - engage local businesses and inform the City about their sustainable products and technologies - help businesses learn about the City’s future and current green technology needs
Halifax Regional Municipality Sustainable Procurement Collaboration Initiative Focuses on: - creating cross-departmental coordination team - enabling collaboration with vendors and community Successes in sustainable procurement : - EcoLogo; certified cleaning products - environmentally preferable office supplies - recyclable batteries - refurbishment etc.
’Green’ Procurement vs.Sustainable Procurement Does this umbrella approach actually work when it comes to concrete purchasing decisions? What is the understanding of terminology and its application by authorities? Are there cases of conflicting requirements from green procurement standards and those procurement standards related to other social goals, such as for example labor rights?
Conclusion Market Confusion and Sustainable Procurement Challenges with Sustainable Procurement: - Financial - Lack of benchmark tools - Resistance to change Minimizes impact on the environment In accord with 3R’s: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
References CLEAN AIR PARTNERSHIP, 2011. Green Procurement Policies and Actions. Available from: www.cleanairpartnership.org [Accessed on 3. April 2012]. DEFRA. Procuring the Future. Sustainable Procurement National Action Plan: Recommendations from the Sustainable Procurement Task Force. Available from: www.archive.defra.gov.uk [Accessed on 3. April 2012]. HALIFAX REGIONAL MUNICIPALITY. Procurement Division. Sustainable Procurement Collaboration Initiative. Available from: http://www.summitconnects.com/Summit_Magazine/LPP_Submissions/Regional%2 [Accessed on 3. April 2012]. MCCRUDDEN, CHRISTOPHER, 2004. Using public procurement to achieve social outcomes. Natural Resources Forum 28, 257–267. NAJJAR, NOURI. Sustainable Pre-Procurement: A Mechanism to Advance Vancouver’s Green and Creative Sectors. Vancouver Economic Commission. Available from: www.vancouvereconomic.com [Accessed on 3. April 2012]. SHRYBMAN, STEVEN, 2010. Municipal Procurement Implications of the Proposed Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and the European Union. Centre for Civic Governance. Vancouver, BC.