Now more than before heritage tourism themes-alew

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Promising Reseach Areas and Themes for Heritage Tourism Scholars

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Now more than before heritage tourism themes-alew

  1. 1. Now More Than Before!Exciting Themes in theGeography of HeritageTourismAlan A. LewNorthern Arizona UniversityAlanlew.comTourism and Heritage: Opportunitiesand Challenges for Conservation GeographyInternational Geographical Union Pre-Conference Symposium10–13 November 2011Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Chile
  2. 2. Heritage is Everywhere…  And Always Present  Now More than Before  The Now = a Moment in Time when Heritage is Created  The Before = The Past = The Confirmation of what was Created in the Now Moment “…we cannot avoid remaking our heritage, for every act of recognition alters what survives.” David Lowenthal, The Past is a Foreign Country (1982)
  3. 3. Heritage Tourism Research Complaints: Narrow Range of Heritage Tourism Research  Exotic locations & exception places and objects  Little scope for transference to other contexts  Limited range of methodologies  Repeated use without challenge Similar to critiques of tourism research in general  Calls to Avoid:  Standard explanations, Accepted analyses (safety)  Need to Engage:  New ideas, Novel methods, (Risk)
  4. 4. Traditional Approaches (A) “History” as the chronological and verifiable past -vs- “Heritage” as a mediated outcome of selected facts and fantasies (B) Social Science “what and why” -vs- Business “how to” (C) Heritage to achieve:  - Economic Activities - Political Agendas - Place Identities (D) Heritage as a form of: 1. Structural and Institutional Control - Contestation and Dialogue over Heritage 2. Commodification and Consumption - Heritage as Tourism 3. Existential Experience - Role Construction and Person Transformation by Consuming Nostalgia
  5. 5. Definitions Heritage  “Virtually anything by which some kind of link, however tenuous or false, may be forged with the past.” (Johnson & Thomas 1995: 170)  Buildings, Ceremonies, Customs, Literature, Art, Pl aces, “Things” Geography  “…ways in which space, place and the environment participate in an unfolding dialogue of meaning … [including how they] are perceived and represented …” (Shurmer-Smith 2002: 3)  Location, Spatial patterns, Sense of place, Landscape as text
  6. 6. Like Geography,Heritage is Everywhere “All at once heritage is everywhere – in the news, in the movies, in the marketplace – in everything from galaxies to genes.”  David Lowenthal, The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History (1996)
  7. 7. Geography and Heritage TourismWord Clouds UrbGeog – EconomicGeography – CulturalGeog – LeftGeog – TRINET – TourismGeography – and others…  > 100 CFP‟s – mostly AAG and IBG/RGS  32 Selected Heritage-Related CFP‟s - 1 Sept to 31 Oct 2011 Categories: 1. Landscape and Place (9 CFPs) 2. Food (4 CFPs) 3. Sound (2 CFPs) 4. Globalization (5 CFPs) 5. Race and Ethnicity (3 CFPs) 6. The Everyday (4 CFPs) Others: Consumption (2 CFPs) & Experience (2 CFPs) & Waste (1 CFP) 150 most frequent words (excluding common words)
  8. 8. All 32 Geography & Tourism CFPs
  9. 9. Place andLandscapeThemes
  10. 10. FoodThemes
  11. 11. Sound Themes
  12. 12. Globalization Themes
  13. 13. Race &EthnicityThemes
  14. 14. Everyday Themes
  15. 15. Valparaiso Symposium’s 34 Abstracts
  16. 16. Our 34 Abstracts w/o „Heritage‟ & „Tourism‟
  17. 17. A Few Other Themes (AAG 2011) - Multicultural Peoples - City Branding - Ethical Geographic Practice - Resilient Places and Privileged Places
  18. 18. Key Concepts
  19. 19. Heritage is Everywhere…  And Always Present  Now More than Before  The Now = a Moment in Time when Heritage is Created  The Before = The Past = The Confirmation of what was Created in the Now Moment “…we cannot avoid remaking our heritage, for every act of recognition alters what survives.” David Lowenthal, The Past is a Foreign Country (1982)
  20. 20. Key Concepts

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