DigitPAItaly: biometric passport update           Alessandro Alessandroni            alessandroni@digitpa.gov.it          ...
overview Introduction Legislative framework Privacy issues Biometrics quality Passport verification
Involved Agencies•   Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE): responsible for    issuing passports to Italian nationals abroad, ...
Passport issuing                  Police offices                                   CVCA       NationalIPZS   data       ce...
legislationEuropean level           National level                        DL 31.03.2005 n.43                       After ...
DPA decisions DL 31.03.2005 n.43After 01.01.2006: MRTD -> e-MRTD                     DPA DM MAE 29.11.2005              ...
Privacy issues Biometric data stored in the chip can be used  only for identity verification Fingerprint captured are st...
DigitPA Guidelines Technical guidelines to  assure quality and  interoperability of  biometric data Hw and sw  requireme...
Biometrics quality Face image   Photo scanner   Icao compliance sw   Compression Fingerprint images     Fingerprint ...
Photo scanner The photo capture device must allow the acquisition of  images of size 3.5 cm x 4.5 cm with an optical reso...
Application Assessing Face Image Compliance to ISO/IEC 19794-5                                   11
Face image compliance sw   Performance evaluation of three applications with a database of    compliant and non-compliant...
Applications Assessing Face Image Compliance         to ISO/IEC 19794-5 Standard               Evaluation results         ...
Fingerprint scanner     Requirements based on results of test to evaluate the effects of      the various quality paramet...
Enrollment process   Starting from index, three separate images are captured (by    placing the finger three times on the...
Quality results (30/01/2012)                        NFIQ=298% NFIQ = 1,2,3                 NFIQ=1                     NFIQ...
Fingerprint verification               for passport issuance The citizen in case of impediment can appoint another  perso...
Border Information System (SIF)                                                                                           ...
Automatic Border Control (ABC)              pilot project DigitPA supports the Border Police project  funded by european ...
Mobile verification Pilot projects with mobile devices for document  and identity verification In the field:    Car-bas...
Reuse of passport best practicesTechnical guidelines for biometrics reused for: New Residence permit card   Same technic...
Thank you all!alessandroni@digitpa.gov.it
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Italian Passport 17 Feb 2012 Ebs Finale

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Italian e-Passport: biometric issues

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Italian Passport 17 Feb 2012 Ebs Finale

  1. 1. DigitPAItaly: biometric passport update Alessandro Alessandroni alessandroni@digitpa.gov.it European Biometrics Symposium Brussels- 17th February 2012
  2. 2. overview Introduction Legislative framework Privacy issues Biometrics quality Passport verification
  3. 3. Involved Agencies• Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE): responsible for issuing passports to Italian nationals abroad, at Italian diplomatic-consular missions• Ministry of Interior (MI):owner of the issuing process, responsible for issuing passports in Italy, at the police offices (Questure)• Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato (IPZS), the national printing office: official government contractor for Italy’s electronic passport technology• DigitPA(*) (National Agency for the Digitalisation of Italian Public Administration): technical guideline for biometrics BioLAB - University of Bologna(*) ex CNIPA
  4. 4. Passport issuing Police offices CVCA NationalIPZS data center M.F.A. Consular posts
  5. 5. legislationEuropean level National level  DL 31.03.2005 n.43 After 01.01.2006: MRTD -> e-MRTD Reg EC n.2252/2004  DM MAE 29.11.2005 Dec. C(2005) 409 Document and chip characteristics  DM MAE 31.03.2006  Operative instructions Dec. C(2006)2909  DM MAE 23.06.2009 Reg EC n.44/2009 • Passport with fingerprints
  6. 6. DPA decisions DL 31.03.2005 n.43After 01.01.2006: MRTD -> e-MRTD DPA DM MAE 29.11.2005  Decision 26.07.2005Document and chip characteristics Biometric data used only for one-to-one(DB without fingerprints) verification Biometrics data not centrally stored DM MAE 31.03.2006  Decision 27.01.2006Operative instructions Biometric data used only for one-to-one( DB without fingerprints) verification Biometrics data not centrally stored DM MAE 23.06.2009  Decision 18.06.2009Passport with fingerprints It s necessary to define the offices( DB without fingerprints) responsible for issuing the passport
  7. 7. Privacy issues Biometric data stored in the chip can be used only for identity verification Fingerprint captured are stored encripted locally and sent on vpn to the central system for digital signature After the registration in the passport the biometrics data are deleted Fingerprints are not stored in DB Faces in DB cant be used for 1:N identification
  8. 8. DigitPA Guidelines Technical guidelines to assure quality and interoperability of biometric data Hw and sw requirements Enrollment procedures Privacy and security issues
  9. 9. Biometrics quality Face image  Photo scanner  Icao compliance sw  Compression Fingerprint images  Fingerprint scanner  Quality assurance sw  Compression  Enrollment procedure (best finger and best images selection)
  10. 10. Photo scanner The photo capture device must allow the acquisition of images of size 3.5 cm x 4.5 cm with an optical resolution of at least 360 dpi and 24 bit RGB color depth. The capture device can be a flatbed scanner or an equivalent device. The characteristics of the device and accompanying software shall not adversely affect the quality of the scanned image introducing noticeable chromatic aberration, geometric distortion and blurriness. The device must provide output in a bmp file format without any compression of the image.
  11. 11. Application Assessing Face Image Compliance to ISO/IEC 19794-5 11
  12. 12. Face image compliance sw Performance evaluation of three applications with a database of compliant and non-compliant face images (*) shows that  some requirements (blurred, unnatural skin tone, washed out, etc.) are easily verifiable by an automatic software;  characteristics like hair across eyes or frame covering eyes are difficult to be automatically evaluated, and a human expert inspection is recommended;  characteristics such as too dark/light image and mouth open are not classified accurately by the SDKs, but a deeper analysis of the problem and the availability of training images would certainly allow to significantly improve the performance. In the photo acquisition process the software application is used as a support for the operator, but is not binding on the acceptance of the photos.(*) A. Alessandroni, M. Ferrara, A. Franco, D. Maio, D. Maltoni and L Palumbo, “Evaluating systems assessing face-image compliance with ICAO/ISO standards” - Technical Report, DEIS - University of Bologna, March 2008
  13. 13. Applications Assessing Face Image Compliance to ISO/IEC 19794-5 Standard Evaluation results 11 2 3
  14. 14. Fingerprint scanner Requirements based on results of test to evaluate the effects of the various quality parameters on automated fingerprint recognition (*) CNIPA-A 1”x1” IAFIS/Appendix F High impact IAFIS/Appendix F PIV PIV Low impact PIV (*) A. Alessandroni, R. Cappelli, M. Ferrara and D. Maltoni, "Definition of Fingerprint Scanner Image Quality Specifications by Operational Quality", in proceedings European Workshop on Biometrics and Identity Management (BIOID 2008), Roskilde, Denmark, pp.29-35, May 2008
  15. 15. Enrollment process Starting from index, three separate images are captured (by placing the finger three times on the scanner). For each image, the quality score (NFIQ) is calculated. The systems matches the three images against each other to avoid substitutions. The best image, according to match score, is selected for storage If no image has a score 1, 2 or 3, the operator acquires the fingerprint of the next finger in the sequence: index, middle, ring and thumb
  16. 16. Quality results (30/01/2012) NFIQ=298% NFIQ = 1,2,3 NFIQ=1 NFIQ=3 Right index Left index96% finger = index
  17. 17. Fingerprint verification for passport issuance The citizen in case of impediment can appoint another person to collect the document The verification is done when the citizen receives his or her passport The applicant enrolls the same set of fingerprints using the fingerprint scanner The software application uses matching algorithm to compare these new fingerprint images to the images contained in the passport chip In case of problems a new passport is issued free of charge
  18. 18. Border Information System (SIF) Border Police First line SIF clients National PKD Passport and Permit to stay certificates SIF CVCA/DV e-Passport External systems CVCA/DV Permit to stay C-VIS SIDAF SDI/SIS MIPG SIMSi Biometric visa National Police DB National Police DB National Police National Border Police Trust and False Schengen DB Document workflow Statistical System specimen Lost & stolen docs Seminario DigitPA “P@norama” sulle tecnologie innovative - 17 gennaio 2011
  19. 19. Automatic Border Control (ABC) pilot project DigitPA supports the Border Police project funded by european external borders fund automatic gates for travelers crossing external borders at Milano-Malpensa Airport automatic verification of the identity of the traveler by means of passport and other biometric travel documents (face recognition) deployment of three different solutions in order to verify impact and benefits Starting mid-2013
  20. 20. Mobile verification Pilot projects with mobile devices for document and identity verification In the field:  Car-based mobile device (tablet pc + add-on)  handheld device At the border (seaports) DigitPA and Italian Border Police partecipate to the European Mobile Identification Working Group (e-MOBIDIG) www.e-mobidig.eu
  21. 21. Reuse of passport best practicesTechnical guidelines for biometrics reused for: New Residence permit card  Same technical requirements  Same enrolment procedures New ID-card
  22. 22. Thank you all!alessandroni@digitpa.gov.it

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