1. Davenport, England 50°N, 4°W “The object of the expedition was to complete the survey of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego, commenced under Captain King in 1826 to 1830 - to survey the shores of Chile, Peru, and of some islands in the Pacific - and to carry a chain of chronometrical measurements round the World” December 27, 1831
2. Porto Praya, Cape Verde “The island would generally be considered as very uninteresting; 14°N, 23°W but to anyone accustomed only to an English landscape, the novel aspect of an utterly sterile land possesses a grandeur which more vegetation might spoil” January 16, 1832
3. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 23°S, 43°W “The whole sea was in places furrowed by them; and a most extraordinary spectacle was presented, as hundreds, proceeding together by jumps, in which their whole bodies were exposed, thus cut the water” July 5th, 1832
4. Tierra del Fuego, Argentina 55°S, 73°W A group of Fuegians partly concealed by the entangled forest, were perched on a wild point overhanging the sea; and as we passed by, they sprang up and waving their tattered cloaks sent forth a loud and sonorous shout. The savages followed the ship, and just before dark we saw their fire, and again heard their wild cry. December 17, 1832
5. Maldonado, Uruguay About fifty years ago, under the old Spanish government, a small 34°S, 54°W colony was established here; and it is still the most southern position (lat. 41°) on this eastern coast of America, inhabited by civilized man. July 24, 1833
8. Bay of S. Carlos, Chile 42°S, 73°W At midnight the sentry observed something like a large star, which gradually increased in size till about three oclock, when it presented a very magnificent spectacle. By the aid of a glass, dark objects, in constant succession, were seen, in the midst of a great glare of red light, to be thrown up and to fall down January 15, 1835
9. Valdivia, Chile 39°N, 73°W “The great shock took place at the time of low water; and an old woman who was on the beach told me that the water flowed very quickly, but not in great waves, to high-water mark, and then as quickly returned to its proper level; this was also evident by the line of wet sand.” February 20, 1835
10. Concepcion, Chile 37°S, 72°W “The whole coast being strewed over with timber and furniture as if a thousand ships had been wrecked. Besides chairs, tables, book-shelves, etc., in great numbers” March 4, 1835
11. Galapagos Islands 0°S, 4°W “...somewhat like that of a starling, and that of the fourth sub-group, Camarhynchus, is slightly parrot-shaped. Seeing this graduation and diversity of structure in one small, intimately related group of birds, one might really fancy that from an original paucity of birds in this archipelago, one species had been taken and modified for different ends...” September 15, 1835
12. Tahiti Island, French Polynesia 17°S, 149°W
12. Tahiti Island, French Polynesia 17°S, 149°W “As soon as we anchored in Matavai Bay, we were surrounded by canoes....” November 15, 1835
13. Sydney, Australia 33°S, 151°E “Beautiful villas and nice cottages are here and there scattered along the beach. In the distance stone houses, two and three stories high, and windmills standing on the edge of a bank, pointed out to us the neighborhood of the capital of Australia” January 12, 1836
15. Port Louis, Mauritius “When approaching the anchorage there was one striking view: an irregular 20°S, 57°E castle perched on the summit of a lofty hill, and surrounded by a few scattered fir-trees, boldly projected against the sky....” May 9, 1836
17. Falmouth, England 50°N, 5°W “...On the 2nd of October we made the shore, of England; and at Falmouth I left the Beagle, having lived on board the good little vessel nearly five years...” October 2, 1836
The Discoveries This proved important because it gave Darwin a good idea aboutDiscovery of the buried animal bones in Buenos Aires, Argentina. the animals before his time and how animals as a whole have changed/do change. Showing that not only do animals change but also theirRecording of geological changes in the Port of St. Julian. surrounding environments, therefore the need to adapt to ones surroundings. Changed Darwin’s perception on the earth a little bit, made himExperiencing an earthquake for the first time in Valdivia, Chile. question its solidity etc. if in one moment it could shake as violently as that. Much like in Valdivia, Darwin experiences first hand the effectsStudying the effects of an earthquake in Concepcion, Chile. the earth can have. This is a pivotal point in Darwin’s formulating of his theory. This isRecording the finches’ different beaks on the Galapagos. significant because it shows Darwin directly the changes made by species according to their location in order to better survive. This was almost just as important as the finches observation because it showed Darwin that in a place were the tortoises haveAbnormally large tortoises on Galapagos Islands. had no real predator ever they have been able to grow to an extreme size, to adapt to their environment. The diversity of species astounded Darwin and he noted down the differences between animals on the South American CoastDistinction of species on the Galapagos. and the Galapagos, this helped develop the idea that there were different types of animals in different environments.
Intro Charles Darwin was born on the 12th of February, 1809 in Shropshire, England. He was one of 6 children in a wealthy family, his father was a doctor and wanted Darwin to follow suite, but Darwin was much more interested in the natural world and what it had to offer. When he was 22 he was given an opportunity to depart on a two year voyage aboard the HMS Beagle to explore and plot the South American coastline. This trip would turn into a 5 year period where Darwin would eventually gather evidence to support one of the greatest theories in science, the theory of Evolution. Throughout the trip Darwin recorded everything he saw and all the changes he witnessed (Later to become the Origin of the Species). Because of his notice of difference in beaks of the Finches in the Galapagos, or the study of fossilized animal bones and even his geographical observations, Darwin formulated the theory that unifies the life sciences.
EvidenceAdaptations (Finches Beaks):When on the Galapagos islands Darwin made avery important and fascination discovery,depending on where the Finches came from, theyhad different beaks. What this meant is that theywere adapting to their particular environment. Forexample Finches that lived on an island with morenuts than say insects might have a medium-largesized beak for breaking them open. Then on a veryrocky island where its hard to get to the insects, thebirds may have smaller and longer beaks to reachbetween the rocks. Darwin didnt just seeadaptations in birds, he saw them in plants andother animals as well.
Evidence Changes over Time (Old Animal Bones): When Darwin studied the fossils of large animals in Buenos Aires he compared them to animals at his time period and realized how they have changed. The Animals were several, if not more, centuries years old and throughout that time they had probably changed dramatically, adaptation, natural selection and evolution all took place and thats why they looked different.
Evidence Differences in animals (According to location): During his trip darwin observed several differences between the animals on the South American Coastline and animals on the Galapagos. He noticed that according to where they were they had different adaptations. For example the tortoises on the Galapagos had no real predators, so overtime they adapted and grew enormous in size compared to their South American counterparts.
EvidenceDifference in people(according to location):While on his five year journeyDarwin not only noticeddifferences in animals butalso in people. Wether it wasNatives in Tierra del Fuegoor the people in all of thetowns he visited he noticedthat they were different.Either in skin color or inappearance or in height.Because of this it is alsoknown that we as humansevolved as well. We adaptedto our environments andnatural selection took place.