Felipe mejía medina presentation andean region - first draft. 22 nov11
ANDEAN REGION – COLOMBIA VENEZUELAECUADOR PERÚ BOLIVIA DEC 5 – 7, 2011 WDC, USA
STATISTICS ICT/E-HEALTH TOPIC COLOMBIA VENEZUELA ECUADOR PERÚ BOLIVIAICT Development Index rank, 2008 63 61 87 75 101ICT Development Index, 2008 3,65 3,67 2,95 3,27 2,62ICT Development Index rank, 2010 76 65 88 83 102ICT Development Index, 2010 3,75 4,11 3,37 3,52 2,83Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 population), 2009 92,35 98,61 92,85 85,87 66,14Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 population), 2010 93,76 96,20 102,18 100,13 72,30Internet users (per 100 population), 2009 30,00 31,20 22,30 31,40 14,30Internet users (per 100 population), 2010 36,50 35,63 24,00 34,30 20,00 Source: International Telecommunication Union ICT Statistics Suecia, ICT Development index 2010 8,23 Rank 2. Mobile users 2010, 113. Internet users, 90. TOPIC COLOMBIA VENEZUELA ECUADOR PERÚ BOLIVIANational eGovernment policy Yes Yes Yes Yes YesNational eHealth policy No No No Yes Not foundNational telemedicine policy Yes Yes Yes Yes Not foundmHealth initiatives Yes Yes Yes Yes YeseLearning in health sciences Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Source: Atlas eHealth Country Profiles Global Observatory for eHealth series - Volume 1 2010Salud electrónica en américa latina y el caribe: Avances y desafíos CEPAL - Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe Norway, policy of: eGovernment, eHealth, multiculuralism ehealth, Telemedicine, mHealth initiatives, eLearning Health sciences.
WHAT WE NEED E-HEALTH TIC WHAT WE NEED TOPIC Colombia Venezuela Ecuador Perú BoliviaNew definitions of the stakeholders roles, responsibilities x x x x xand functions.Set standards, improve infrastructure and connectivity of x x xthe information and communication systems.Keep up and increase the market development in the xHealth TIC incorporation.Cooperation among ehealth stakeholders (doubling efforts) x xIntegration of health information systems with updated x x xtechnologyMonitoring and evaluation of eHealth systems x x x x xSpecific ehealth policies and regulations x x x x xTraining in eHealth/ICT/biomedical informatics x xCollaboration between developed and less developed x x x x xcountries
CHALLENGES CHALLENGES TOPIC Colombia Venezuela Ecuador Perú BoliviaSocial determinants of health (Equity and access. x x x x xLanguage and cultural barriers. Literacy)Foster institutionality x x x x xLack of medical specialists x xLack of structural resources x xGeographical barriers (communication) x x x x xExpand sms-mHealth initiatives xScale pilot projects to national and regional scope xFoster Interoperability x x x x xDiscontinuation of ICT/ehealth policies x x x
POTENTIAL COLLABORATIVE GROUPSGovernmental Institutions: e.g., Ministries (Health, ICTrelated)International organizations: e.g. PAHO, WB, BID-Agencies for international cooperation: e.g. GIZ, JICA.Academic institutions: e.g. universities, research centers.Private companies: e.g. software, hardware, mobiletechnology, health insurances, drugs and medical devices.
AREAS OF WORK IN THE REGIONIntegration of facilitators: such as- Governmental entity to lead, monitor and evaluate e-health strategy.- Political framework.- Connectivity and infrastructure.Information management:- Patients’ unique identification.- Integration of administrative and health-related information.Priority initiatives:- Telemedicine and e-health record. M-initiatives.- Initiatives focused on vulnerable population.Education and training:- e-health, ICT, e-learning