Loyalist Presentation


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Question: Who were some important loyalists and what were the roles of the loyalists before, during, and after the American Revolution?

By: Alena Kantor, Benjamin Goldstein, Julia Schlaepfer and Jimmy Bromley

Published in: News & Politics
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Loyalist Presentation

  1. 1. Who were some important loyalists and what were the roles of the loyalists before, during, and after the American Revolution? By Alena Kantor, Benjamin Goldstein, Jimmy Bromley, and Julia Schlaepfer
  2. 2. LoyalistsWho Were the Loyalists?
  3. 3. Prior to the Revolution• Strongly opposed to separating from Britain• Not limited to one demographic of people• Held similar beliefs to the patriots• Concern about the extent of the rebellion• Believed that independence would take away some of their natural rights
  4. 4. Joseph Galloway • Attended the First Continental Congress • Refused to serve in the Second Continental Congress • Plan of Union (1774) • Joined William Howe’s British Army • Believed that separation from Britain was unjustified.
  5. 5. Who Were the Loyalists?• Older generation• Morally opposed to resistance• Undecided colonists forced to choose• Business connections with Britain• Afraid of a new government (anarchy)• Not confident in the ability of the colonists to defeat Britain
  6. 6. Military Operations• Many ideological Loyalists did not join the British military operations• Not well organized, without good leadership• Passive forms of resistance• British army overestimated Loyalist support• Populations of Loyalists in the colonies
  7. 7. Anger Towards Loyalists• Southern Colonies had more crimes against Loyalists• Publicly humiliated, property confiscated, or physically attacked• Scared some Loyalists away from taking up arms against the Patriots
  8. 8. Black Loyalists• British army offered freedom to servants and slaves who joined British and Loyalists, demoralizing to the Patriots cause• 12,000 blacks served the British army• Patriots proposed the same thing to their servants and slaves• Many did not keep this promise following the war
  9. 9. Thomas HutchinsonOne important Loyalist was Thomas Hutchinson
  10. 10. Loyalists Post War• How Were They Treated? – Ostracized in society – Laws passed against them – Some left behind their families – Property was taken by the government – Acts of violence against the loyalists – Some were able to re-enter society effortlessly – About 380,000 gave in and chose to join the new country
  11. 11. Loyalists Post War• Where Did They Go? – About 100,000 loyalists left the country – Some of them later returned and were generally welcomed back into society
  12. 12. Loyalists Post Constitution • Bitterness began to die down • Many were able to regain prominent roles in society • After the War of 1812, all the laws against the loyalists were rescinded
  13. 13. Website Bibliography• "Galloway, Joseph." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2011. Web. 25 Oct. 2011.http://school.eb.com/eb/article-9035921• "Joseph Galloway." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 25 Oct. 2011.• "Loyalist Treatment: Were the Loyalists Persecuted by the Patriots During the Revolutionary War?" History in Dispute. Ed. Keith Krawczynski. Vol. 12: The American Revolution, 1763-1789. Detroit: St. James Press, 2003. 188- 195. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 25 Oct. 2011.• "Cheny Clows Rebellion." State of Delaware. N.p., 30 Dec. 2009. Web. 22 Oct.2011. <http://archives.delaware.gov/markers/kc/KC-97.shtml>.• "Hutchinson, Thomas (1711-1780)." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 25 Oct. 2011.• John, Wilson. "Thomas Hutchinson." Mass.Gov. Mass.Gob, July 2011. Web. 23 Oct. 2011.<http://www.mass.gov/?pageID=mg2terminal>.• "Loyalists in the American Revolution." History Wiz. Amazon.com, 2008. Web. 20 Oct. 2011. <http://www.historywiz.com/loyalists.htm>.
  14. 14. Picture Bibliography• http://www.hmdb.org/Photos1/142/Photo142477.jpg• http://khacha21668.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/.pond/54jpg.jpg.w560h350. jpg• http://profile.ak.fbcdn.net/hprofile-ak-snc4/161740_100001965727020_4480565_n.jpg• http://spiritof76dar.org/_borders/spirit%20of%2076.jpg• http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2a/Benedict_Arnold_oath_of_allegian ce.jpg/250px-Benedict_Arnold_oath_of_allegiance.jpg• http://www.revolutionarywar.n2genealogy.com/_images/revolutionary-war.jpg• http://www.acclaimimages.com/_gallery/_free_images/0478-0611-1413- 4811_interior_of_the_old_jersey_prison_ship_in_the_revolutionary_war_s.jpg• http://www.madashecc.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/constitution.jpg• http://minerdescent.files.wordpress.com/2010/05/loyalist-landing-in-parrtown.jpg• http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/33/ThomasHutchinson.jpeg• http://www.sawtbeirut.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/britain-flag.jpg• http://flagspot.net/images/u/us.gif• http://books.google.com/books?id=fwh3AAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&img=1&zoom=1• http:api.ning.comfilesW6vvjvnuzI1lGPRUyXTyQ6O0JAtIgVvOyHZQQYuSkMmXOsiLGkKEoQeq5NvUm 8QMe34eTGUuGwkvItOzI3aYoQ98iuSy-At/JosephGalloway.jpg• http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-xeXg86QKIHc/TWJAMp- N1UI/AAAAAAAABRE/KuhisKC0RDE/s1600/harry+washington+BrunswickLoyalists.gif• http://www.royalprovincial.com/graphics/MilitaryLoyalists.jpg• http:upload.wikimedia.orgwikipediacommons4/4fPhilip_Dawe_(attributed),_The_Bostonians_Payi ng_the_Exciseman,_or_Tarring_and_Feathering_(1774)_-_02.jpg