Esa bocconi octber_2010_20

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Esa bocconi octber_2010_20

  1. 1. Memory of the events and events of the memory: how the Net can change our way of constructing collective memory Alessandra Micalizzi IULM University – Communication dept. [email_address] Culture and the Making of the Worlds 3° ESA mid-term conference – Bocconi University 7th-9th October 2010
  2. 2. Collective memory in Post-orality Age Device of the memory (Sciolla,2005) Objectivation of the History Social Practice (Halbwachs, 1950) narratives storage socialization processing
  3. 3. Collective memory in Post-orality Age Manipulating narratives Role of the media Circulating narratives Producing narratives About: Public past The Past for the publics (audience)
  4. 4. Collective memory in Post-orality Age <ul><li>«the Net is a processing space of the networked public opinion, where the cultural citizenship experiences with a personal reflexivity, above all, by conversational dynamics» (Boccia Artieri, 2010) </li></ul>Internet as: Narrative technology (Walzer, 2000:2002) New public arena Technological memory device (?)
  5. 5. Collective memory of traumatic events Narratives about traumatic events Negotiation of confirmative memory (Namer, 1994) Opportunity to processing and coping trauma The first coin of exchange in online conversation
  6. 6. The earthquake in Abruzzi: an empirical research could the Net can be considered as a social and anthropological environment where negotiating the collective memory and where processing the trauma? <ul><ul><li>Characteristics of digital narratives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet websites that hosted the messages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The net-authors of the posts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The main themes proposed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The earthquake in Abruzzi: an empirical research <ul><li>First step : explorative research on the Net by some keywords </li></ul><ul><li>Second step : qualitative content analysis of posts published on the first 5 groups opened on Facebook about the earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>Third step : visual analysis of 500 images about the earthquake used as profile photo on Facebook's groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth step : e-mail interviews with users </li></ul>
  8. 8. The earthquake in Abruzzi: the results Institutional space participated space Typologies of website Autonomous space
  9. 9. The earthquake in Abruzzi: the results Extreme public sphere Peer to peer public sphere Semi-public sphere
  10. 10. The earthquake in Abruzzi: the results <ul><li>The authors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Im-mediated (unmediated) witness: people that “attend” the earthquake by media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The victims: people directly involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The direct witness: journalists, rescuers, abruzzi’s people less involved </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The earthquake in Abruzzi: the results <ul><li>theme: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports: news and neutral reconstruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal experiences: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anecdote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emotion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remembrance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical information: about the earthquake </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The earthquake in Abruzzi: an empirical research Do we face with collective memory?
  13. 13. The earthquake in Abruzzi: contextual aspects of paritcipation First hours after the earthquake Collective participation anniversary New shakes time
  14. 14. The earthquake in Abruzzi: the phases of the processing of collective memory 1.Sedimentation of narratives 2. Processing memory 3. Construction of a Story 4. The risk of oblivious
  15. 15. The earthquake in Abruzzi: an example of digital collective memory <ul><li>Confirmative memory </li></ul>
  16. 16. The earthquake in Abruzzi: the phases of the processing of collective memory <ul><li>Chrono-digital narratives: </li></ul><ul><li>«micro-fragments that don’t produce a proper ordered narration, but they mix each others giving back a plural and polyedral image, which complexity is very close to the reality, even if the image doesn’t coincides with it» </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First level narrative material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source of the collective memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without order and selection </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. The earthquake in Abruzzi: the phases of the processing of collective memory <ul><li>Rememoration seed (Halbwachs, 1950): </li></ul><ul><li>The selective process acted by the surfer through the on-line research that is at the same time unique and contingent </li></ul>
  18. 18. The earthquake in Abruzzi: the risk of oblivious <ul><li>The chrono-digital narratives are: </li></ul><ul><li>Searchable and persistent (boyd, 2007) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ephemeral under the constant risk of oblivious </li></ul>«We face with a culture that is at the same tima eternal and ephemeral» (Catells, 2000)

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