Resumes and Interviews


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Developing that winning resume and succeeding in job interviews. A brief introduction to important points to remember.

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  • Résumés are used by employers to assess a candidate's job qualifications. As an applicant, your objective is to highlight your most noteworthy skills and accomplishments in a brief, yet descriptive manner to land an interview. Résumés are typically used for part-time, full-time, and internship positions as well as for application to graduate school. They are generally scanned (in about 30 seconds), so first impressions are crucial. This way of summarizing yourself can be thought of as a one to two page advertisement of your skills, education, and past experience.  It is important to be strategic and mindful of the skills you are trying to sell to a potential employer.
  • Job Interview – First Impressions CountOne of the most important things you can do to insure that you have the best chance possible of landing a job is to start the job interview off on the right foot. First impressions are important and most people, including employers, form an impression of others within the first ten to twenty seconds.For this reason, it’s critical that you are conscious of making a good impression from the moment you walk in the door to meet with a prospective employer.  Starting the Job Interview Tip #1First, the worst way you can start an interview is to arrive late or arrive on time, but harried and obviously rushed. Give yourself plenty of time to arrive not only at your appointed interview time but a few minutes early as well.Remember that you may hit traffic or need to complete paperwork once you arrive for your interview. It’s also a good idea to make sure you have plenty of time to run by the restroom or pop in a breath mint.  Starting the Job Interview Tip #2If you do have a few minutes before the actual interview and you have already completed the paperwork given to you ... Check your hair and the rest of your appearance It’s a good idea to look over your resume or any notes that you might have brought along with you. As you wait, also take the time to observe what goes on around you. This is a crucial way of obtaining necessary research that you can use in your interview.
  • Resumes and Interviews

    1. 1. The Determining Factors:<br />Improving your resume writing and interviewing skills<br />Be best and sometimes the only fish in the bowl.<br />
    2. 2. Proper preparation <br />of your cover letter, resume, and yourself for the interview ….<br />…… can determine if you will be the best choice for the job!<br />
    3. 3. Quality<br />Look<br />Your resume can determine <br />how long you will wait in line <br />to be seen or heard.<br />Content<br />
    4. 4. Résumés are used by employers to assess a candidate's job qualifications. <br />They are generally scanned (in about 30 seconds), so first impressions are crucial. <br />
    5. 5.
    6. 6. Content<br />To begin writing a winning resume, you must first complete a self-analysis of the following college level experiences:<br /><ul><li>Education (college level only)
    7. 7. Work Experience
    8. 8. Volunteer Experience
    9. 9. Extra-curricular activities / Leadership
    10. 10. Awards</li></ul>In addition to including your degree/s list any skills you gained and word it so that the reader understands that this is an asset to your work ability and work ethic.<br />
    11. 11. One page or two?<br />Try to stick to one page when writing your resume.  If you end up not mentioning great information for the sake of saving space, it is acceptable to submit two pages.  However, do not try to extend a one pager into two.<br /><ul><li>Be specific about your accomplishments and try to quantify information where possible
    12. 12. Before: Responsible for managing volunteers at a telethon.
    13. 13. After: Managed 30 volunteers during a 12 hour Muscular Dystrophy telethon resulting in $50,000 raised for MD research.</li></li></ul><li>Avoid typos and grammatical errors<br />You only have 30 seconds to make a good impression on paper, don't get tossed out of the stack for silly mistakes.<br /><ul><li>Customize
    14. 14. Employers want to believe that you have created your Résumé just for them. Make them feel special by selling yourself for their position or company. A good place to do this is in an objective statement.</li></li></ul><li>List your accomplishments and job duties using action verbs<br />Be brief<br />Highlight your most marketable qualities, not all of your qualities. The purpose of the résumé is to land a job interview.  Be sure to leave something to talk about!<br />Examples:<br />Performed general lifeguard duties. <br />Supervised personnel, facilities, and membership. <br />Trained and supervised a staff of ten people <br />Manage four of the company largest accounts<br />
    15. 15. Make sure your résumé is easy to read and not too busy<br />Use a maximum of 2 typed font styles <br />Be consistent with bold, italics, spacing, etc. <br />Make margins consistent on all sides <br />Avoid using borders <br />Double check contact information for accuracy, update regularly<br />Include your name, address (campus and permanent is acceptable), telephone number, professional email address <br />Be sure your outgoing voicemail message is professional <br />Your written email address should be professional also.<br />
    16. 16. Format<br />Résumés come in two main formats:  Chronological and Functional<br />The style you select is your individual decision based upon the best overall impression that you wish to create.  Be sure to pick the format that best sells your expertise and experience.<br />Chronological<br />Information is listed in time order, typically from most recent to least recent <br />Highlights individual work experiences <br />Advantages:  Easy to read, effectively describes work history, easy to prepare <br />Disadvantages:  Focuses heavily on dates, can miss opportunities to summarize skill sets <br />Functional<br />Focuses on skill sets <br />Organizes information from employment, volunteer work, internships and practicums, by separating them into section headings <br />Advantages: Sells your skills in a targeted fashion toward a desired position, easy to read, doesn’t draw attention to gaps in employment history <br />Disadvantages:  While describing experience relevant to a particular skill, this format can exclude other important skill sets <br />
    17. 17. Appearance<br />Because your résumé will make an impression in 30 seconds or less, it is important to follow a few basic tips to make it easy to read:<br />Be concise <br />Break up paragraphs into readable chunks so as not to overwhelm the reader <br />Balance white space and text to achieve a polished look <br />Make margins consistent on all sides (no less than 1/2” on top and bottom) <br />Center the résumé on the page <br />Headings may be centered or left aligned <br />Be consistent with punctuation <br />Use bullets to highlight information within a section <br />Use bold, italics and capitalization minimally and consistently <br />Use a font style that is crisp and easy to read – avoid scripts <br />Keep font size between 10 and 12 point for content, larger for headings <br />Print résumé on high quality bond paper, neutral colors are best <br />
    18. 18. Resume’ variations<br />
    19. 19. A Young Person Looking for the First Job.<br />College & Student Resumes<br />Entry Level<br />Limited or No Experience <br />Middle-Aged, Mature Job Seeker. <br />Long & Consistent Work Experience Sample Resume Formats <br />Senior Executive Resume Tips<br />Senior Resumes Writing Guide<br />Time Gaps in Their Work History<br />Person Changing Career & Past Work History that Does Not Match the Requirements of the Job Wanted<br />
    20. 20. View Resume’ Samples<br />
    21. 21. Resume’ wording is important in job descriptions as this section allows you to convey to employers the skills you posses and have utilized during your previous jobs. <br />Use Action Verbs to Emphasize Your Skills<br />The job skill descriptions become especially important when you are changing careers. This is the way that employers may be able to gauge your abilities and see if you are right for the job. <br />Use strong action verbs to describe your job responsibilities. Resume action verbs can have a positive and memorable impact on the reader’s memory<br />
    22. 22. Skills/hobbies/trainings: have some<br />Use phrases to describe your accomplishments, skills and abilities. (again, it lets the reader know that this would be an asset to their organization)<br />Awards/clubs and organizations: have some<br />(in order for you to have some to add to your resume, you would need to be involved in them now or in the past. If you are not already involved, get involved)<br />References: include or don’t include?<br />
    23. 23. Some other quick tips and ideas on resume wording<br /><ul><li>Write your resume in a positive light and avoid negatives.
    24. 24. Think of it as marketing your best abilities.
    25. 25. Do not title your page ‘resume’ as it is generally understood.
    26. 26. Be concise and avoid being too wordy.</li></ul>Resume’ Keywords (resume’ key words can be very important in impacting whether or not your resume will be read. This is especially true for online resumes, applications, and letters of interest).<br />Again remember, an employer takes only about 30 seconds to view your resume! <br />Make sure the focus is on what the employer wants and not on you. The resume wording should be employer-oriented so he knows what you can do for him. <br />
    27. 27. After the Resume’<br />The Interview<br />
    28. 28. PlanFor Each Of These 4 Interview Steps:<br />
    29. 29. 1<br />Pre-interview planning and research <br />Do your research; <br />Know about the company, job type for which you are applying (salary, work requirements, hours etc)<br />Understand the dress codes, language and other expectations for professional work environments<br />
    30. 30. 2<br />Plan to arrive early and have your materials ready days before the interview <br />(note: even if you supplied the company with a resume bring a copy for them just in case)<br />
    31. 31. 3<br />Practice makes perfect (plan questions and answer them. Research to find out what some of the possible questions might be. <br />Handling tough questions during the interview <br />Get someone to work with you preparing for tough questions.<br />Tough questions might be: <br /><ul><li>why have you worked so many jobs?
    32. 32. you graduated 1 year ago, why do you think you haven’t gotten a job)</li></li></ul><li>4<br />Close the interview positively<br />
    33. 33. Post-interview follow up may include:<br /><ul><li>Thank you letters
    34. 34. Follow up calls
    35. 35. Staying prepared for impromptu meetings
    36. 36. Continuing the search</li></li></ul><li>Cover Letter/Letters of Interest<br />A cover letter accompanies your resume. It introduces you and your resume to prospective employers. <br />And introductions are important! <br />The resume cover letter is the first impression you make on a prospective employer.<br />It’s a good idea if you are applying to several jobs, that you create a cover letter and edit it to make it specific for the company and the job. (make sure you save each one)<br />
    37. 37. Not only does the cover letter introduce you it also gives the reader a preview of what's to come -- not by summarizing the resume -- but by succinctly highlighting the aspects of your background which are most relevant to that specific employer. <br />Your cover letter provides the following impression of:<br />your communication skill level <br />your level of professionalism <br />your personal character and work ethic <br />your unique contributions as a future <br />
    38. 38. Practice Makes Perfect<br />Determine the type of job you are interested in<br />What would the different job entail<br />What are your personal interests<br />
    39. 39. bureau of labor statistics, Occupational Outlook Handbook<br /> online practice website for writing and speaking. English for professional communication (resume)<br /><br /> Georgia department of labor<br />