Introduction , 
Banana is a yellow fruit which
consists of 2 Layers:
1 Protective Layer (peal, skin).
2 Inner Layer (fleshy, soft portion).
- Western Culture Eat Inside Raw and through away the Skin.
- Some Asian Cultures Eat Both (outer layer + inner layer).
Other Names , 
Scientific Classification ,
Why it called Banana ?
Some sources assert that the
genus of the banana, Musa, is
named for Antonio Musa, physician
to the Emperor Augustus.
Others say that Linnaeus, who gave the
genus its name in 1750, simply adapted
an Arabic word for banana, mauz.
The word banana itself comes from
the Arabic word banan, which means
Banana’s Facts [ 3 ],
Bananas are available ALL year
round, they are Harvested
everyday of the year.
Banana’s Facts [ 3 ],
As bananas ripen, the starch in the fruit
turns to sugar.
Therefore, the riper the banana the
sweeter it will taste.
Banana’s Facts ,
Bananas are great for athletic and fitness
activity because they replenish necessary
carbohydrates, glycogen and body
fluids burned during
16.8 million tons.
6.7 million tons.
6.4 million tons.
Allergic Reactions ,
♠ Burning Sensation in Lips and Pharynx.
♠ Triggered in the Eyes, Nose, and Skin.
♠ Swelling of the Lips, and Tongue.
♠ Sensation of Tightness of the Throat.
Allergic Reactions ,
Nutrient Content , 
Water 74.91 g
Energy 89 kcal
Energy 371 kJ
Protein 1.09 g
fat 0.33 g
Ash 0.82 g
Carbohydrate 22.84 g
Fiber 2.6 g
Sugars 12.23 g
Sucrose 2.39 g
Glucose (dextrose) 4.98 g
Fructose 4.85 g
Lactose 0.00 g
Maltose 0.01 g
Starch 5.38 g
Minerals , 
Calcium, Ca 5 mg
Iron, Fe 0.26 mg
Magnesium, Mg 27 mg
Phosphorus, P 22 mg
Potassium, K 358 mg
Sodium, Na 1 mg
Zinc, Zn 0.15 mg
Copper, Cu 0.078 mg
Manganese, Mn 0.270 mg
Fluoride, F 2.2 mcg
Selenium, Se 1.0 mcg
Saturated Fatty acids 0.112 g
Monounsaturated Fatty acids 0.032 g
Phytosterols 16 mg
Amino acids ,
Tryptophan 0.009 g
Threonine 0.028 g
Isoleucine 0.028 g
Leucine 0.068 g
Lysine 0.050 g
Methionine 0.008 g
Cystine 0.009 g
Phenylalanine 0.049 g
Tyrosine 0.009 g
Valine 0.047 g
Arginine 0.049 g
Histidine 0.077 g
Alanine 0.040 g
Aspartic acid 0.124 g
Glutamic acid 0.152 g
Glycine 0.038 g
Proline 0.028 g
Serine 0.040 g
It is one of the LARGEST Groups of
Naturally occurring PHENOLS.
They are Found in ALL Parts of
It is Estimated that 2% of ALL Carbon
Photosynthesized by Plants is
Converted into FLAVONOIDS.
Several Studies have emphasized
that FLAVONOIDS from different
Botanical sources can act as a
Normal High fat
6 RATS in each groups
Food intake and weight gain were almost
similar in both control and experimental
Indicating its free radicals
The Study Emphasis that the
Flavonoids from Banana act as an
Anti-ulcerogenic [ 9 - 10 ]
Protect the gastric mucosa from
aspirin induced erosions.
Leucocyanidin and its
found to hydroxyethylated and tetraallyl
increased mucus thickness.
Anti-ulcerogenic [10 ]
Of dried unripe plantain banana
were found to be anti-
ulcerogenic against aspirin-
induced ulceration in the rat and
were effective both as a
prophylactic treatment and in
healing ulcers already induced
by aspirin. Ripe fruit bananas
Anti-ulcerogenic [ 9 -10 ]
was water soluble and was
The active extraction to
approximately 300 X that
in the dried banana
The supplementation of a balanced
diet containing banana could be
Effective in Protecting the Body
against Various Oxidative Stress.
♣ A day keeps the Doctor away !
♣ Can protect and treat Aspirin induced
♣ Effective in cardiovascular disease due to
antioxidant activity .
♣ Great for athletic and fitness activity.
[ 1 ]- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana
[ 2 ]- http://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/banana.html
[ 3 ]- http://bananasaver.com/BananaFacts.htm
[ 4 ]- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_allergy_syndrome
[ 5 ]- [ 5 ] USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21 (2008)
[ 6 ]- Antioxidant activity of banana flavonoids.
[ 7 ]- Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of selected tropical fruits from Malaysia, extracted
with different solvents.
[ 8 ] A natural flavonoid present in unripe plantain banana pulp (Musa sapientum L.
var. paradisiaca) protects the gastric mucosa from aspirin-induced erosions
[ 9 ] A natural flavonoid and synthetic analogues protect the gastric mucosa from
aspirin-induced erosions , David A. Lewis and Graham P. Shaw
[ 10 ] The anti-ulcerogenic activity of the unripe plantain (Musa species).
R. Best, D. A. Lewis, and N. Nasser