Most influential writing in Christian theology Romans
Typical Outline of Pauline Letter <ul><li>Greetings </li></ul><ul><li>Thanksgiving & Prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Body of Lett...
<ul><li>Greeting and thanksgiving (1:1–7, 8–10) </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis (1:16–17) </li></ul><ul><li>Jews and Gentiles  un...
Pauline Vocabulary <ul><li>Sin </li></ul><ul><li>Flesh </li></ul><ul><li>Faith </li></ul><ul><li>Grace </li></ul><ul><li>W...
<ul><li>Written from Corinth? </li></ul><ul><li>57–58 CE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After Roman Jews return from exile (54 CE) ...
<ul><li>God ’s righteousness is demonstrated in Christ as God’s faithfulness to all people </li></ul><ul><li>Justification...
<ul><li>Universally available salvation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open to Jews and Gentiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include...
<ul><li>God and Israel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All Jews did not follow Christ; God is still faithful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
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Romans

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Romans

  1. 1. Most influential writing in Christian theology Romans
  2. 2. Typical Outline of Pauline Letter <ul><li>Greetings </li></ul><ul><li>Thanksgiving & Prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Body of Letter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching on some issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parenesis (moral exhortation) – “I urge you” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reinforce Purpose of Letter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benediction </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Greeting and thanksgiving (1:1–7, 8–10) </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis (1:16–17) </li></ul><ul><li>Jews and Gentiles under God ’s wrath (1:18–3:20) </li></ul><ul><li>Jews and Gentiles receive God ’s grace (3:21–5:21) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., Abraham and Jesus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Objections to thesis (chaps. 6–11) </li></ul><ul><li>Exhortations (12:1–15:13) </li></ul><ul><li>Travel plans, greetings, doxology (15:14 – 16) </li></ul>Outline
  4. 4. Pauline Vocabulary <ul><li>Sin </li></ul><ul><li>Flesh </li></ul><ul><li>Faith </li></ul><ul><li>Grace </li></ul><ul><li>Works of the Law </li></ul><ul><li>Salvation </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Written from Corinth? </li></ul><ul><li>57–58 CE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After Roman Jews return from exile (54 CE) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paul ’s purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To introduce himself to Roman Christians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To establish support for his mission to the Gentiles; some have rejected this mission </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paul ’s “collection for the poor” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paul ’s defense to the Jerusalem Christians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To solicit support for future mission trip to Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To effect reconciliation between Jews and Gentiles </li></ul></ul>Date and Place
  6. 6. <ul><li>God ’s righteousness is demonstrated in Christ as God’s faithfulness to all people </li></ul><ul><li>Justification by faith(fulness) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God faithfully justifies people who are faithful to God </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obedience of faith(fulness) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adam disobeyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christ (the new Adam) obeyed God and demonstrated faithfulness to God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imputed righteousness and effective righteousness </li></ul></ul>Theological Themes
  7. 7. <ul><li>Universally available salvation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open to Jews and Gentiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes people and creation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is Paul ’s main point (according to the New Perspective on Paul) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Death and resurrection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through baptism, Christians participate in Christ ’s death and resurrection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past tense: we were reconciled to God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present tense: we are justified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future tense: we will be saved </li></ul></ul>Theological Themes
  8. 8. <ul><li>God and Israel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All Jews did not follow Christ; God is still faithful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This allows Gentiles to come to God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then all Israel will be saved (11:26) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obedience to earthly government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did Paul experience only good Imperial rule? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accommodation of the “weak” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jewish dietary laws are irrelevant to faith(fulness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>humility before community members overrides personal rights </li></ul></ul>Theological Themes

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