• This strategy guide explains the writing process
and offers practical methods for applying it in
your classroom to help you become proficient
• The writing process—prewriting, drafting,
revising and editing, rewriting, publishing—
mirrors the way proficient writers write. In using
the writing process, you will be able to break
writing into manageable chunks and focus on
producing quality material. The final stage,
publishing, ensures that students have an
• You, the students, can even
coach each other during
various stages of the process
for further emphasis on
audience and greater
collaboration during editing.
• Studies show that students who
learn the writing process score
better on state writing tests (the
USA, of course) than those who
receive only specific instruction in
the skills assessed on the test.
• This type of authentic writing
produces lifelong learners and
allows students to apply their
writing skills to all subjects.
• Success in writing greatly depends
on your attitude, motivation, and
engagement. The writing process
takes these elements into account by
allowing you to plan your writing
and create a publishable, final draft
of their work of which you can be
• The writing process involves to write
in a variety of genres, encouraging
creativity, and incorporating writing
conventions. This process can be
used in all subject areas and
provides an excellent way to connect
instruction with state writing
• THE FOLLOWING ARE WAYS TO
IMPLEMENT EACH STEP OF THE
• Prewriting—This step involves
brainstorming, considering purpose
and goals for writing, using graphic
organizers to connect ideas, and
designing a coherent structure for a
• With the help of your instructor, engage
in whole-class brainstorming to decide
topics on which to write.
• “Make a list of important people in your
life,” for example. Online graphic
organizers might organize your ideas for
specific writing genres during the
• Drafting—Work independently at
this stage. The instructor will confer
with you individually as you write.
• He will observe areas with which you
might be struggling and which might
warrant separate conference time or
• Reread your own work more than once
as you think about whether it really
conveys what you want to your reader.
Reading your work aloud to classmates
and other adults helps you to understand
what revisions are needed.
• You will develop greater language
proficiency as you collaborate with your
peers when revising.
• Rewriting—Incorporate changes as
you carefully write or type your final
• Publishing—You are encouraged to
publish your works in a variety of
ways, such as a class book, bulletin
board, letters to the editor, school
newsletter, or website.
• Revising and Editing—The instructor will
show how to revise specific aspects of
your writing to make it more coherent
and clear during minilessons.
• The teacher can model reading his own
writing and does a think aloud about
how he could add more details and make