A New Nation

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A New Nation

  1. 1. A New Nation American Government Chapter 9
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A. 13 colonies became 13 states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Each state was independent and free from the next </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Own money system </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different laws in each state </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>B. Each state was more powerful than the central government C. Articles of Confederation failed
  3. 3. <ul><li>II. Constitutional Convention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1787 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 representative from each state except Rhode Island </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose- to create a central government for the 13 independent states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Together the 12 representatives took 3 months to write the Constitution </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. E. Federalists - supported the new constitution F. Antifederalists - did not support the new constitution G. Gouvernor Morris wrote the final draft H. July 2, 1790 the Constitution was adopted
  5. 5. <ul><li>The American Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Named New York City as the new capital of our country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Washington was named President of our country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A new congress was created </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power- was shared between Congress, President, and Supreme Court (separation of powers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elections were created to vote representatives into office </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Branches of Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative Branch- makes laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Congress </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Executive Branch- makes sure laws are good for our country </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President- can veto laws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vice President </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cabinet- President’s advisors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Judicial Branch- courts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme Court- most powerful court in the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law Enforcement </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amendments added to the Constitution to protect the citizens in 1791 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your rights as an American </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Religion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Speech </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom to Bear Arms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protection if accused of a crime…innocent until proven guilty </li></ul></ul></ul>

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