The writing process


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The writing process

  1. 1. Journal 7 Minute Write Which superpower would you most like to have-- invisibility, super strength, or the ability to fly? Describe what kids of things you would do with your powers.
  2. 2. The Writing Process
  3. 3. Four Steps in the Writing Process: 1. Prewriting 2. Drafting 3. Revising 4. Presenting (or publishing)
  4. 4. 1. PREWRITING • Prewriting is the time when a writer plays with ideas and gathers information to prepare for the actual drafting. • It may involve reading, talking, or simply thinking about a topic.
  5. 5. During Prewriting, you must think about 4 things: Topic  Format Audience Time 
  6. 6. Topic • What is your story going to be about? • Brainstorm about interests and possible ideas.
  7. 7. Format • What type of writing are you going to do? • Are you writing a sentence, a paragraph, a theme, a journal entry, a letter, a poem, a fictional story, a research paper?
  8. 8. Audience • Who are you writing for? • Who do you expect to read your writing? – Teacher? – Parents? – Friends? – The general public?
  9. 9. Time • How much time will be devoted to this project? • Will you be expected to complete the writing assignment outside class, or will class time be given for discussion, for brainstorming, for revision?
  10. 10. 2. DRAFTING • The stage when the writer begins to record ideas in rough form. • Getting started on a story is often difficult and may produce many false starts. • “How should I begin?”
  11. 11. • A first draft is simply a time to gather, explore, and discover ideas. • It is NOT expected to be a final, polished writing. • No one needs to be worried about neatness, spelling, or mechanical correctness in the earliest draft.
  12. 12. • Freewriting – (also known as “spin writing” or “rush writing”) A technique where students write nonstop, capturing as many ideas as possible. • You jot down words, phrases, or sentences quickly. • Ideas coming with great speed and momentum often trigger other ideas along the way, and ideas are the goal of the earliest draft.
  13. 13. 3. REVISING • Once a first draft is completed, writers begin to revise (“to see again”). • They look at what they have written and ask themselves if the ideas and purpose is clear to an audience. • They share the draft with their peers and/or teacher, listening to their responses and acting on them.
  14. 14. • Later drafts involve polishing the writing to present in final form to a particular audience. • Editing for spelling and mechanics happens in the final stage of revising.
  15. 15. At first . . . • You might believe that you are a hopeless writer when you can’t get your writing perfect right away. • As you work through and understand the writing process, you will realize that most writers (even professional authors) rework and revise all the time!
  16. 16. Presenting (or Publishing) • Usually only the teacher reads and grades a student’s writing. • However, you should share your writing with your parents, relatives, or friends! • You may also submit your writing to literary contests, professional publications, or local newspapers. • You may also use your writing as a gift to a trusted adult for special occasions.