stages of dementia • Dementia is a well known memory loss disorder that is often associated with older populace but certain forms of it might affect younger people as well. Dementia is an encompassing term that extends to include a variety of individual disorders that lead to give rise to the symptoms, chief of which is Alzheimer’s along with diseases such as vascular dementia, front temporal dementia, HIV associated dementia, Dementia pugilistic, rare hereditary and secondary dementias to state a few. Unlike Alzheimer’s all of these diseases are often caused by trauma of one sort or the other and are relatively rare while Alzheimer’s alone accounts for 65 percent of all dementia stages. This consensus though directed at people of older ages, includes middle and younger age groups as well.
stages of dementia • Stages of Dementia – onset The primary sign is the onset stage where one of the first signs is chronic forgetfulness unlike that occasional one that we all face from time to time – which makes it difficult to handle everyday tasks that the patient has been comfortable with for so long. Inability to take initiative and apathy, problems remembering simple things like what year it is, home address and handling abstract thinking , thus lacking ability to make and understand generalization are some of the key symptoms. Others include replacing words with inappropriate choices which in most cases make the entire idea useless and all these underlined by sudden mood swings, irritability and personality changes.
stages of dementia • Stages of dementia – intermediate The symptoms become more obvious with this phase. Symptoms range from forgetting recent events and confusing past events with present and vice versa. The same thing happens in the case of family and friends with a lot of misattributions. Other symptoms include forgetting eat, poor maintenance of hygiene, hallucinations, increased mood swings and wandering outdoors without realizing the time or the dress that they are wearing.
stages of dementia • Stages of dementia: Chronic This is the final dementia stages showing all the unmistakable signs of complete memory loss, which include incontinence, involuntary movements and failure to recognize everyday objects accompanied by inability to sleep with symptoms worsening over nights. The patient will not recognize family and friends and in a lot of cases searches for long deceased people. General difficulties are experienced in walking and getting things done, and assistance is needed to use toilet, while washing up and getting dressed. They might also get paranoid and highly irritable. Abilities such as walking, sitting and even keeping up their head without support becomes impossible and is accompanied by loss of ability to smile and impaired swallowing mechanism. While there is no exact way to prevent dementia reports have shown that an active, healthy life style combined with a lot of brain activity induced via puzzles and mental exercises can be helpful to a large extent.