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MetaSus Marktstudie Afval en Circulaire Economie Indonesie

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Presentatie inclusief sterkte - zwakte analyse van de marktkansen rond afval en circulaire economie in Indonesië, op basis van een marktstudie in oktober - november 2018 door MetaSus

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MetaSus Marktstudie Afval en Circulaire Economie Indonesie

  1. 1. Kansen rond afval en CE inKansen rond afval en CE in Indonesië – Op weg naar een PIBIndonesië – Op weg naar een PIB Bert Keesman, MetaSusBert Keesman, MetaSus Presentatie tgv HCH eindejaarsevent 3 dec 18Presentatie tgv HCH eindejaarsevent 3 dec 18
  2. 2. InhoudInhoud 1.1. ContextContext 2.2. Intro IndonesiëIntro Indonesië 3.3. Situatie rond afval (en circulaire economie)Situatie rond afval (en circulaire economie) 4.4. Sterkte-Zwakte AnalyseSterkte-Zwakte Analyse 5.5. Op weg naar een PIBOp weg naar een PIB
  3. 3. Samenwerking Metasus / BreAdSamenwerking Metasus / BreAd  2 jaar ESCAP Thailand en 7 jaar UNIDO Costa Rica2 jaar ESCAP Thailand en 7 jaar UNIDO Costa Rica  > 10 jaar zelfstandig adviseur internationale handelsbevordering> 10 jaar zelfstandig adviseur internationale handelsbevordering  PIB afval(water) business in Colombia en IranPIB afval(water) business in Colombia en Iran  Marktstudies o.a. Bolivia, Tanzania en MyanmarMarktstudies o.a. Bolivia, Tanzania en Myanmar  Voorbereiding PIB Bolivia en Peru, waste and wastewaterVoorbereiding PIB Bolivia en Peru, waste and wastewater  35 jaar in afvalbeheer, bodemsanering en waterzuivering35 jaar in afvalbeheer, bodemsanering en waterzuivering  Researcher, consultant, manager en business developerResearcher, consultant, manager en business developer  Advies projecten in Ethiopië en BurundiAdvies projecten in Ethiopië en Burundi  Marktstudies Bolivia, Tanzania en MyanmarMarktstudies Bolivia, Tanzania en Myanmar  Capacity building in MyanmarCapacity building in Myanmar  Business consultancy in TurkijeBusiness consultancy in Turkije  Voorbereiding PIB Bolivia en Peru, waste and wastewaterVoorbereiding PIB Bolivia en Peru, waste and wastewater
  4. 4. ContextContext MoU Indonesië - Nederland Klimaatverandering,MoU Indonesië - Nederland Klimaatverandering, Afvalmanagement en Circulaire Economie (2018 - 2020);Afvalmanagement en Circulaire Economie (2018 - 2020); uitgevoerd door Rijkswaterstaat Leefomgeving:uitgevoerd door Rijkswaterstaat Leefomgeving: 1.1. Beleidsondersteuning afvalmanagement en preventieBeleidsondersteuning afvalmanagement en preventie 2.2. Programma naleven milieuregels en handhavingProgramma naleven milieuregels en handhaving 3.3. Internationale Green Deal over alternatieven Single Use PackagingInternationale Green Deal over alternatieven Single Use Packaging 4.4. Samenwerkingsprogramma over marine litterSamenwerkingsprogramma over marine litter Uitvoering o.m. via demonstratieprojectenUitvoering o.m. via demonstratieprojecten
  5. 5. Doel: Nederlandse private sector erbij betrekkenDoel: Nederlandse private sector erbij betrekken
  6. 6. IndonesiëIndonesië
  7. 7. Ook IndonesiëOok Indonesië
  8. 8. Profiel van de afvalsectorProfiel van de afvalsector  Nu: 265 miljoen inwoners, waarvan140 miljoen in stedenNu: 265 miljoen inwoners, waarvan140 miljoen in steden  Groei steden 3% per jaar, ook groei welvaartsniveauGroei steden 3% per jaar, ook groei welvaartsniveau  Nu: 105.000 ton/dag stedelijk afval oplopend naar 150.000 ton/dag in 2025Nu: 105.000 ton/dag stedelijk afval oplopend naar 150.000 ton/dag in 2025  Nr. 2 in de wereld v.w.b. bijdrage maritieme kunststoffen (nr. 1 is China)Nr. 2 in de wereld v.w.b. bijdrage maritieme kunststoffen (nr. 1 is China)  Doel (Presidentieel decreet No 97/2017): Afval wordt in 2025 adequaat gemanagedDoel (Presidentieel decreet No 97/2017): Afval wordt in 2025 adequaat gemanaged door 30% afvalreductie en 70% verwerking. In 2025 zal er geen afval meer terechtdoor 30% afvalreductie en 70% verwerking. In 2025 zal er geen afval meer terecht komen in rivieren, stranden en de oceaan via dumpen of verbrandenkomen in rivieren, stranden en de oceaan via dumpen of verbranden
  9. 9. Samenstelling van het afval (2013)Samenstelling van het afval (2013)
  10. 10. Ambitieuze doelen van de overheidAmbitieuze doelen van de overheid Waste Management Act (No. 18/2008)Waste Management Act (No. 18/2008) Open dumpsites moeten allemaal gesloten zijn in 2013Open dumpsites moeten allemaal gesloten zijn in 2013 De drie overheidsniveaus moeten allemaal bijdragen aan de financiering van de sectorDe drie overheidsniveaus moeten allemaal bijdragen aan de financiering van de sector Regional Development Act (No. 23/2014)Regional Development Act (No. 23/2014) Gemeenten zijn verantwoordelijk voor het afvalmanagementGemeenten zijn verantwoordelijk voor het afvalmanagement Nationaal Ontwikkelingsplan Middellange termijn (RPJMN 2015 – 2019)Nationaal Ontwikkelingsplan Middellange termijn (RPJMN 2015 – 2019) Doel: 100% dekking stedelijke afvaldiensten per 2019 (inzameling, verwerking of stort)Doel: 100% dekking stedelijke afvaldiensten per 2019 (inzameling, verwerking of stort) Nationale Afvalmanagement Beleid en Strategie (Perpres No 97/2017)Nationale Afvalmanagement Beleid en Strategie (Perpres No 97/2017) 30% afvalreductie en 70% afvalverwerking in 202530% afvalreductie en 70% afvalverwerking in 2025 Verwerking maritiem afval (Presidentieel Decreet No 83/2018)Verwerking maritiem afval (Presidentieel Decreet No 83/2018) Indonesië verplicht zich tot een reductie van 70% van maritiem afval in 2025Indonesië verplicht zich tot een reductie van 70% van maritiem afval in 2025 Versnelling van ontwikkeling WtE plants – Perpres No 35/2018Versnelling van ontwikkeling WtE plants – Perpres No 35/2018 In 12 steden, feed-in tarief 13,35 UScts/kWhr bij < 20MW, tot IDR 500.000/ton (>EUR 30)In 12 steden, feed-in tarief 13,35 UScts/kWhr bij < 20MW, tot IDR 500.000/ton (>EUR 30) bijdrage aan de tipping fee van de centrale overheidbijdrage aan de tipping fee van de centrale overheid
  11. 11. De realiteit is anders - 1 (WB)De realiteit is anders - 1 (WB)
  12. 12. De realiteit is anders - 2 (WB)De realiteit is anders - 2 (WB) Metropool: > 1 miljoen; Grote stad: 0,5 – 1 miljoen; Middelgrote stad: 100.000+ inwonersMetropool: > 1 miljoen; Grote stad: 0,5 – 1 miljoen; Middelgrote stad: 100.000+ inwoners
  13. 13. Afval / CE in Indonesië: Sterke kantenAfval / CE in Indonesië: Sterke kanten  Grote markt (265 miljoen inwoners)Grote markt (265 miljoen inwoners)  Noodzaak is er: situatie rond afval is nijpendNoodzaak is er: situatie rond afval is nijpend  Initiatieven lokale overheden, vnl. kunststof afval (inclusief concrete initiatieven inInitiatieven lokale overheden, vnl. kunststof afval (inclusief concrete initiatieven in steden zoals Bogor (ban op plastic zakjes) en Soerabaja (plastic flessen ruilen voorsteden zoals Bogor (ban op plastic zakjes) en Soerabaja (plastic flessen ruilen voor buskaartjes))buskaartjes))  Initiatieven lokale bevolking ism autoriteiten: Waste banksInitiatieven lokale bevolking ism autoriteiten: Waste banks  Ca 3 miljoen waste pickers al bezig met inzameling en recyclingCa 3 miljoen waste pickers al bezig met inzameling en recycling  Overheid heeft ambitieuze doelen gesteldOverheid heeft ambitieuze doelen gesteld
  14. 14. Waste BanksWaste Banks (>5.000 in 2017)(>5.000 in 2017)
  15. 15. Afval / CE in Indonesië: Zwakke kantenAfval / CE in Indonesië: Zwakke kanten  Er worden relatief gemakkelijk doelen gesteld, maar geen follow-upEr worden relatief gemakkelijk doelen gesteld, maar geen follow-up  Corruptie bij grote projectenCorruptie bij grote projecten  Initiatieven die worden genomen zijn vaak kleinschalig (bijv. composteren op BantarInitiatieven die worden genomen zijn vaak kleinschalig (bijv. composteren op Bantar Gebang)Gebang)  Het is lastig om een nuttige bestemming voor organisch afval te vindenHet is lastig om een nuttige bestemming voor organisch afval te vinden  Afvalstoffenheffingen soms wel, soms niet, verre van dekkend. Mede hierdoor is deAfvalstoffenheffingen soms wel, soms niet, verre van dekkend. Mede hierdoor is de sector sterk onder gefinancierdsector sterk onder gefinancierd  Land is schaars dus het is lastig stortplaatsen, overslagstations enz te realiseren,Land is schaars dus het is lastig stortplaatsen, overslagstations enz te realiseren, ook vanwege NIMBYook vanwege NIMBY  Er is geen consistent lange termijn beleid; bij tenders begint het onderhandelen alsEr is geen consistent lange termijn beleid; bij tenders begint het onderhandelen als één van de bidders heeft gewonnenéén van de bidders heeft gewonnen  Vaak een focus op end-of-pipe oplossingen en geen preventieVaak een focus op end-of-pipe oplossingen en geen preventie  Er is nog geen sterke private sector op het gebied van afval / CE in IndonesiëEr is nog geen sterke private sector op het gebied van afval / CE in Indonesië  Er zijn (bijna) nog geen beurzen etcEr zijn (bijna) nog geen beurzen etc
  16. 16. ComposterenComposteren
  17. 17. Private sector: Verwerkende industriePrivate sector: Verwerkende industrie
  18. 18. Private sector:Private sector: Aanbieders producten en dienstenAanbieders producten en diensten
  19. 19. Afval / CE in Indonesië: KansenAfval / CE in Indonesië: Kansen  Nederlandse MoU op het gebied van afval / CE (pilot projecten)Nederlandse MoU op het gebied van afval / CE (pilot projecten)  Investeringen van de Wereldbank (rond US$ 1 miljard)Investeringen van de Wereldbank (rond US$ 1 miljard)  Afvalsector is nog relatief onontgonnen dus Nederland kan hier naam makenAfvalsector is nog relatief onontgonnen dus Nederland kan hier naam maken  Waste to Energy: Voorwaarden in 12 target steden zijn in principe gunstigWaste to Energy: Voorwaarden in 12 target steden zijn in principe gunstig  De overheid wil in de komende 10 jaar naar EPR verpakkingen, maar in IndonesiëDe overheid wil in de komende 10 jaar naar EPR verpakkingen, maar in Indonesië heet dit Extended Stakeholder Responsibility (PRAISE initiatief)heet dit Extended Stakeholder Responsibility (PRAISE initiatief)  In het algemeen kijken de Indonesiërs positief tegen Nederlanders aanIn het algemeen kijken de Indonesiërs positief tegen Nederlanders aan  Samen optrekken met de Denen bij exportbevordering afval / CESamen optrekken met de Denen bij exportbevordering afval / CE
  20. 20. Denen: Aanbevelingen Afvalsector JakartaDenen: Aanbevelingen Afvalsector Jakarta Belangrijkste aanbevelingen:Belangrijkste aanbevelingen: Ontwikkel afval-verbrandingsinstallaties in Jakarta (via professionele internationaleOntwikkel afval-verbrandingsinstallaties in Jakarta (via professionele internationale tenders)tenders) Produceer RDF voor verwerking in cementfabrieken ism LafargeHolcimProduceer RDF voor verwerking in cementfabrieken ism LafargeHolcim Repareer en run de bestaande droge vergistings-installatie in Pesanggrahan, Zuid-Repareer en run de bestaande droge vergistings-installatie in Pesanggrahan, Zuid- Jakarta en ontwikkel vergelijkbare installaties op andere locatiesJakarta en ontwikkel vergelijkbare installaties op andere locaties
  21. 21. Afval / CE in Indonesië: BedreigingenAfval / CE in Indonesië: Bedreigingen  Concurrentie van landen in Azië (bijv. Japan en China)Concurrentie van landen in Azië (bijv. Japan en China)  Andere (bijvoorbeeld Scandinavische) landen investeren meer in samenwerking enAndere (bijvoorbeeld Scandinavische) landen investeren meer in samenwerking en handelsbevorderinghandelsbevordering  Oppassen met het opgeheven vingertje (zeker wij Nederlanders)Oppassen met het opgeheven vingertje (zeker wij Nederlanders)
  22. 22. PIB Afval / CE in Indonesie: vragenPIB Afval / CE in Indonesie: vragen  Waar leggen we de geografische focus?Waar leggen we de geografische focus?  Leggen we een thematische focus? En zo ja, op welk thema?Leggen we een thematische focus? En zo ja, op welk thema?  Varen we onder de vlag van afvalmanagement en/of circulaire economie?Varen we onder de vlag van afvalmanagement en/of circulaire economie?  Zullen we samen optrekken met de Denen?Zullen we samen optrekken met de Denen?
  23. 23. Geografische focus op Java?Geografische focus op Java?  55% van de bevolking55% van de bevolking  Relatief welvarendRelatief welvarend  Relatief dicht bevolktRelatief dicht bevolkt
  24. 24. Focus volgens de WereldbankFocus volgens de Wereldbank
  25. 25. Terima KasihTerima Kasih

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