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Defence against the oldest and deadliest enemy....


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Fire & emergency drills

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Defence against the oldest and deadliest enemy....

  1. 1. Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  2. 2. (threaten loss of life at sea, loss of property and/or threaten the environment) Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  3. 3. 1. BRIDGE COMMAND TEAM Captain, Dimos Derventlis 3rd MATE MASTER A/B Practical  Implementation of the Ship’s Fire Plan and Incident Log  Emergency instruction communication  Distress communication and log  Correct use of GMDSS equipment Theoretical:  Maintaining proper protocols  Awareness and usage of emergency procedures to include fixed installation systems (CO2) and Abandon Ship procedures
  4. 4. 2. EMERGENCY TEAM (Fire Fighters) Ch. Mate Emergency team leader Fire Fighters <3> Assistant & Substitute Fire Fighters <4> Captain, Dimos Derventlis Practical:  Dress procedure for fire suits and breathing apparatus  Gas tight checks  Taking cylinder pressure readings  Hose handling procedures  Door entry procedures  Snatch rescue methods  Implementation of casualty rescue  Use of graphic illustration control at the scene of the fire (BA board) Presentations:  Backdrafts  Flashovers  Rollovers  Ship Fires
  5. 5. 3. SUPPORT TEAM Captain, Dimos Derventlis • Theoretical:  Explanation of the role and duties of the team.  Providing hose and equipment for the Emergency Team as required.  Possible locations for boundary cooling jets.  Closing ventilation, dampers, doors, skylight and windows. • Practical:  Hose handling and training using charged water directed into the sea.  The use of verbal and hand signals for hose operations.  Hydrant location and operation. 2nd Mate Support team leader The remaining crew without specific duties.
  6. 6. 4. ENGINE ROOM SUPPORT TEAM. Captain, Dimos Derventlis • Practical:  Correct operational procedures, including fire pump, emergency fire pump, fuel oil valves, power isolation, dampers, ventilation, skylights etc.. • Theoretical:  Develop contingency plans to combat a changing emergency environment to include but no limited to fixed installations and ship’s stability with water drenching/flooding. Chief Engineer Engine room support team leader Electrician 2nd Engineer
  7. 7. 5. FIRST AID TEAM Captain, Dimos Derventlis • Practical:  Equipment required to set up a Casualty Handling/First-Aid Station.  Mouth to mouth resuscitation.  Recovery position  CPR  Proper operation of resuscitator equipment. • Demonstration:  Assessing if a casualty is alive or dead.  ABC (Airway, Breathing and Circulations. Cook First Aid team leader Messmen (2)
  8. 8. Prevent Fire, Detect Fire and Fight Fire • 1.Fire: • Controlled fire is used in our day to day lives for useful purposes. Only uncontrolled fire is dangerous which can cause damage to ship’s crew and ship. A combination of three elements (air, fuel and heat) causes fire to take place. Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  9. 9. • This can be easily understood by looking at the Fire Triangle: • If any one of the element is isolated, then fire cannot take place. Fire is classified depending on the fuel that causes fire. Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  10. 10. • 2.Fire Prevention: • If total awareness is created to all personnel on Fire Prevention, then there is no need for Fire • Detection, Fire Fighting etc., • Remember the old saying “ Prevention is better than Cure” Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  11. 11. Captain, Dimos Derventlis Prevention of Class A(General) Fire is by: • good house Keeping • taking regular rounds of working premises • use of fire retardant, fire resistant materials while construction of ships wherever applicable • keeping working areas under lock & key, when not in use or manned • denying entry to unauthorized personnel Prevention of Class B(Oil) Fire is by: • Proper storage of oil & petro products • Properly maintained fuel handling systems • Properly trained personnel • Avoiding leakage in the fuel system • No smoking • Not using naked lights • operating fuel systems under supervision
  12. 12. Captain, Dimos Derventlis Prevention of Class C(Electrical) Fire is by: • Properly maintained Electrical equipment • Ensuring proper electrical insulation • Avoiding naked wires • Using weather proof, explosion proof fittings where necessary • Properly trained personnel • Switching off electrical equipments when not in use (lights, fans, air conditioners etc.,) • Avoiding prolonged use or overloading of equipment Prevention of Class D(Chemical) Fire is by: • Understanding the characteristics of the chemicals and accordingly standard operating procedures must be implemented for the personnel handling these chemicals
  13. 13. Captain, Dimos Derventlis 3.Fire Detection: •Manual detection •Automatic detection (conventional or analog addressable) Manual detection is by: •regular rounds by duty personnel during working and non working hours •alert and competent ships crew •observing the running machinery for abnormal noise, abnormal vibration, abnormal working temperatures etc., •CCTV – central monitoring through Closed Circuit TV
  14. 14. Captain, Dimos Derventlis Automatic detection is by electrical Fire Alarm Control Panel consisting of: • Smoke Detectors placed in different parts of ship Heat Detectors • Heat Detectors placed in different parts of ship
  15. 15. Captain, Dimos Derventlis 4.Fire Fighting: •Fire can be easily extinguished if minimum one element is isolated (fuel or heat or air). •Removal of fuel from fire is called Starving •Removal of heat from fire is called Cooling •Removal of air from fire is called Smothering Early stages of fire can be extinguished by Portable Fire Extinguishers available as per fireplan of the ships: •Water type extinguishers – for Class A (General) fire •Foam type extinguishers – for Class B (Oil) fire •CO₂extinguishers – for Class C (Electrical) fire •DCP (Dry Chemical Powder) extinguishers – for Class A,B,C fires
  16. 16. FIRE-EXTINGUISHERS Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  17. 17. Advanced stages of fire can be extinguished by: • 1) Fire main and hose reel system (manual actuation) provided in the ship Captain, Dimos Derventlis Emergency Fire Pump Hydrant International Shore Connection
  18. 18. Advanced stages of fire can be extinguished by: • 2) Sprinkler system (automatic actuation) (In specific places e.g. paint locker) • 3) CO₂ Flooding system (manual or automatic actuation)for machinery compartments (as per ship’s installation) Captain, Dimos Derventlis CO2 Control Box
  19. 19. FIRE DRILL • Give the Alarm • Shouting "Fire! Fire! Fire in the (fill in the blank with the location of the fire)!” should be the first words you utter when you find a fire aboard. This will alert any other persons in the area and begin the process of alerting the vessel's crew and captain. It is essential that the location of the fire be passed along as well. • You must pass the word that there's a fire. Putting the fire out is not the most important thing, if something happens and you become a casualty before passing the word. This risks both the vessel and crew, when giving the alarm brings the whole of the vessel's firefighting resources to bear. Without the alarm, the fire continues, perhaps growing until it's out of control, and then the vessel is lost. Captain, Dimos Derventlis Try to advise the following: • The fire location • The type of fire • The size of fire • Details of casualty (if there is one) • What actions (if any) been taken.
  20. 20. Follow procedures/Step by step • Don't Feed the Fire • Don't give fire the air it needs to burn. Shut down air-conditioning and ventilation systems. Both act like a bellows, pumping air into the fire. Remember that fire requires fuel, heat and air to exist; remove any one of the three, and the fire dies. • Upon receiving the alarm and the fire location, the person in charge of the vessel should turn the vessel to minimize the effects of wind feeding the fire and the effects of smoke. Smoke will decrease visibility and hamper firefighting efforts, so you should turn the vessel so that smoke blows off the vessel, rather than over it. Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  21. 21. Drill Objectives • On receiving the word of a fire and its location the Bridge Command rises the Ship’s Fire Alarm (and PA system if applicable) • Communication with the Emergency Team leader established. • Mustering-Ship’s Crew Roll Call. Emergency Team Leader co- ordinates actions with Support Team-Engine Support Team-First Aid Team and report actions/results to Bridge Control. • Bridge Control Team initiates incident plotting and notify authorities, MRCC, vessel’s in vicinity, following PAN procedures via all means of communication. • Emergency Team Leader immobilize the Emergency Squat and test their equipment/tools, reporting all information about the fire-fighting team to bridge control. Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  22. 22. Captain, Dimos Derventlis • Support Team & Engine Support Team: 1. Closing of watertight doors, fire doors, valves, skylights, portholes, dampers and other similar openings in the ship, 2. Isolates AC, ventilation, power, fuel oil valves, start emergency fire pump and /or emergency generator (as needed). 3. Setting-up fire hoses, commence boundary cooling and/or open hydrants to flood horizontal surfaces to the surroundings of the fire. 4. Monitor access routes & actions, with priority to provide support to Emergency Team. 5. Leaders of both teams keep open communication with Bridge Command and Emergency Team. 6. Engine Support Team leader (Chief Engineer) steady-by in case of CO2 release.
  23. 23. Captain, Dimos Derventlis • Emergency Team 1. Emergency Team leader (Chief Mate) keep sending incident details to Bridge Command. 2. Master have to alter vessel’s course in a way to aid the firefighting progress. 3. Firefighters dressed in full PPE&BA making the push to the scene of fire. 4. Emergency Team leader and Bridge Command follow closely the progress of firefighters, paying particulars attention to withdraw the fire team well before the BA expected to be empty. 5. Fire Team entering the Fire Zone and attempt rescue (if there is a casualty). 6. The firefighting progress continued till time of extinguished the fire or decision taken for drenching or flooding.
  24. 24. Captain, Dimos Derventlis • First-Aid Team 1. First-Aid Team leader keeps his team close to the scene of fire and in a safe distance, without obstruct the whole operation. 2. Extra air bottles to refill BA must be ready at all times. 3. First-Aid Team with their tools & equipment on stand-by to provide first-aid in case f casualty. 4. First-Aid Team to be familiar with first-aid procedures, including SPR techniques. Reference to 1) Vessel’s FF Training Manual, 2) Company’s SMS, 3) IMO resolution (MSC.99/73, 4) SOLAS, 5) MARPOL and all other source for information available.
  25. 25. ABANDON SHIP DRILL • ABANDON ' SHIP SIGNAL-SEVEN (7) SHORT RINGS OF THE GENERAL ALARM SIGNAL FOLLOWED BY ONE (1) LONG RINGING OF THE GENERAL ALARM, REPEATED. 1. The ship shall abandon ' drill be conducted as if an actual emergency existed. All hands should report to their respective stations with exposure suits and personal floatation pool devices. They should be prepared to perform the duties specified in the station bill (posted in conspicuous places throughout the vessel) Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  26. 26. 2. Emergency lighting for mustering and abandonment shall be tested at each abandon ' ship drill 3. Safety equipment such as the portable radio apparatus and first aid kit shall be brought from the emergency equipment lockers and the persons designated shall demonstrate their ability to use the equipment during each drill. 4. The person in charge of each life raft shall have a muster list of all personnel under his command and shall ensure that they are familiar with their duties. Using the instruction placard posted at the life raft station, the person in charge shall instruct all personnel assigned to that station in the proper procedures used for launching a life raft, a life raft boarding and righting an inverted life raft. Proper life raft survival techniques, the dangers of hypothermia and how to minimize the effects of hypothermia shall be discussed during this drill. The person in charge shall, also give descriptions of equipment contained in a life raft and instruction on how to use it. Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  27. 27. 5. The person in charge of each life raft shall ensure that all personnel assigned to their life raft are suitably dressed and personal floatation pool devices are correctly donned. They shall also review the order to abandon ' ship as specified in the muster list. 6. Ensure that: •1. Method of donning lifejackets and immersion suits carried aboard? •2. Mustering at assigned stations? •3. Proper boarding, launching, and clearing of survival craft and rescue boats? •4. Method of launching survival craft by people within them? •5. Method of releasing survival craft from launching-appliances? •6. Use of devices for protecting survival craft launching-in areas, where appropriate? Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  28. 28. • 7. Illumination of launching-areas? • 8. Use of each item of survival equipment; • 9. Instructions for emergency repair of lifesaving appliances? • 10. Use of lifesaving appliances, radio-with illustrations? • 11. Use of sea anchors? • 12. Use of engine and accessories, where appropriate? • 13. Recovery of survival craft and rescue boats, including stowage and securing; • 14. Hazards of exposure and the need for warm clothing? • 15. Best use of survival craft for survival; and Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  29. 29. • 16. Methods of retrieving personnel, including use of helicopter-mounted rescue gear (slings, baskets, stretchers) and vessel's line-throwing apparatus. • 17. Summoning of crew members to survival craft with the general alarm? • 18. Simulation of an abandon '-ship emergency that varies from drill to drill? • 19. Reporting of crew members to survival craft, and preparing for, and demonstrating the duties assigned under the procedure described in the station bill for, the particular • 20. abandon '-ship emergency being simulated? • 21. Checking to see that crew members and offshore workers are suitably dressed? Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  30. 30. • 22. Checking to see that immersion suits and lifejackets are donned correctly? • 23. Lowering of at least one lifeboat (far enough that the davit head has completed its travel and the fall • 24. wire of the lifeboat has begun to pay out) or, if no lifeboats are required, lowering of one rescue boat, after • 25. any necessary preparation for launching; • 26. Starting and operating of the engine of the lifeboat or rescue boat; and • 27. Operation of davits used for launching liferafts. • 28. Operation and use of the vessel's inflatable liferafts? • 29. Problems of hypothermia, first aid for hypothermia, and other appropriate procedures; and • 30. Special procedures necessary for use of the vessel's equipment and lifesaving appliances in heavy weather. Captain, Dimos Derventlis
  31. 31. Captain, Dimos Derventlis