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Online fraud costs the global economy more than $400 billion, with more than 800 million personal records stolen in 2013 alone. Increasingly, fraud has diversified to different digital channels, including mobile and online payments, creating new challenges as innovative fraud patterns emerge. Hence it is still a challenge to find effective methods to mitigate fraud. Existing solutions include simple if-then rules and classical machine learning algorithms.
From an academic perspective, credit card fraud detection is a standard classification problem, in which historical transaction data is used to predict future frauds. However, practical aspects make the problem more complex. Indeed, existent comparison measures lack a realistic representation of monetary gains and losses, which is necessary for effective fraud detection. Moreover, there is an enormous amount of transactions from which only a tiny part are frauds, which implies a huge class imbalance. Additionally, a real fraud detection system is required to give a response in milliseconds. This criterion needs to be taken into account in the modeling process in order for the system to be successfully implemented. To solve these problems, in this presentation two recently proposed algorithms are compared: Bayes minimum risk and example-dependent cost-sensitive decision tree. These methods are compared with state of the art algorithms and shows significant improvements measured by financial savings.