Israeli-Palestinian Conflict


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Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

  1. 2. <ul><li>The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is an ongoing dispute between Israel and the Palestinians. </li></ul><ul><li>Although the conflict is wide-ranging, the key issues are: </li></ul><ul><li>·Border security </li></ul><ul><li>·Water rights </li></ul><ul><li>·Control of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>·Land rights </li></ul><ul><li>·Legalities concerning refugees. </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>The most important reason is the religion. </li></ul><ul><li>JEWS MUSILMS </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Palestine is on the east coast of the </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean Sea, </li></ul><ul><li>to the west of Jordan </li></ul><ul><li>and to the south of </li></ul><ul><li>The Lebanon. </li></ul><ul><li>Total surface: </li></ul><ul><li>approx. of 26500 Km2 </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Language: Arabic </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: The Palestinians are in his most, Muslims. </li></ul><ul><li>Currency: There are three principal coins in traffic, the NSI (New Shekel Israeli), JD (Jordanian Dinar) and US$ (American Dollars). </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: the best station in Palestine is the Spring, though the Country is excellent all the year round. </li></ul><ul><li>Capital: Ramala </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Israel is a country </li></ul><ul><li>placed in the </li></ul><ul><li>southwest of Asia, </li></ul><ul><li>close to the </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean sea. </li></ul>
  6. 9. <ul><li>The capital: Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>Major city: Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Official languages: Hebrew and Arabic </li></ul><ul><li>Government: parliamentary Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Surface: 22.145 km ² </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 7.233.701 (2009). </li></ul><ul><li>Density of population: 324 habitants/km ² </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: Jews </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>The roots of the conflict Palestinian - Israeli sink in the history, but the contemporary conflict is a tour for the vicissitudes of the 20th century. </li></ul><ul><li>The stage they have paraded for two thousand Jewish, Roman, Arabic, Crossed, Ottoman, British, French and both superpowers of the cold war, The United States and the Soviet Union, which they supported Israel and radical Arabs, respectively. </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>2000 </li></ul><ul><li>-May 25– Israel withdraws IDF forces from southern Lebanon after 22 years. </li></ul><ul><li>-July 11–25 – Israel's prime minister Ehud Barak and PLO head Yasser Arafat meet at Camp David, but fail to reach an agreement. </li></ul><ul><li>2001 </li></ul><ul><li>-Sept 11- Aattack in America resulted in Pakistan agreeing to co-operate with the campaign against Al Qaeda </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>2004 </li></ul><ul><li>-February 7 – Several leaders of Abnaa el-Balad are arrested in Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>-March 22 – Palestinians protest in the streets after an Israeli helicopter gunship fires a missile at the entourage of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin in Gaza City, killing him and 7 others. </li></ul><ul><li>-April 17 – Israeli helicopters fire missiles at a convoy of vehicles in the Gaza Strip, killing the Gaza leader of Hamas, Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>2006 </li></ul><ul><li>-July 12 – 2006 Lebanon War: Israeli troops invade Lebanon in response to Hezbollah kidnapping two Israeli soldiers and killing 3. Hezbollah declares open war against Israel 2 days later. </li></ul><ul><li>2007 </li></ul><ul><li>- January 19 – Israel releases $100 million in frozen assets to President Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian National Authority, in order to bolster the president's position. </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>-December 27 – Former Pakistani prime minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated, and at least 20 others are killed by a bomb blast at an election rally in Rawalpindi </li></ul><ul><li>2008 </li></ul><ul><li>-January 3 – Israel launches a ground invasion of the Gaza Strip as the Gaza War enters its second week. </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>But the conflict is between Jews, who in 1948 founded his State, after the emotion provoked by the holocaust, and Palestinians, who do not have State. </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>Once ended the cold war, and after five armed conflicts, seemed that it had come the moment of the understanding. The process initiated in 1993, with the democrat Bill Clinton in the White House, rubbed the peace. But it was a mirage. </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>Under the crossfire of the radical ones of both decrees, the negotiation opened by the Palestinian leader , Yasser Arafat, and the Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, murdered in 1995 by a Jewish extremist, has stagnated. </li></ul>