LITA NATIONAL CONFERENCE OCTOBER 17, 2008 PRESENTERS: LARRA CLARK OFFICE FOR RESEARCH & STATISTICS WWW.ALA.ORG/PLINTERNETF...
Today’s Program <ul><li>Background on Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study </li></ul><ul><li>Key findings and ...
Background <ul><li>The  Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study  assesses public access to computers, the Interne...
Three-Part Study <ul><li>Public Libraries & the Internet online survey </li></ul><ul><li>Focus groups and site visits </li...
Current State of Technology <ul><li>Public library branches, overall, have an average of 12 public access computers. </li>...
Current State of Technology <ul><li>More than half of libraries (56.1%) have no plans to add public computers in the comin...
Current State of Technology <ul><li>48% of libraries have no plans to replace computers in the coming year </li></ul><ul><...
Current State of Technology 10/17/08
Current State of Technology <ul><li>Two-thirds of libraries now offer wireless access. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural: 56.6% ...
Current State of Technology 10/17/08
Current State of Technology 10/17/08
Current State of Funding <ul><li>Effective technology planning requires detailed expenditure data. </li></ul><ul><li>Fundi...
Non-Tax Revenue <ul><li>Average Percentage Technology-Related Expenditures from FY 2008 Non-Tax Revenue Sources by Type an...
Non-tax revenue 10/17/08
Non-tax revenue 10/17/08
Changes in State Funding, 2007 10/17/08 Decreases No Change  Increases   11%+ 5-10% 3-4% 1-2% 1-2% 3-4% 5-10% 11%+ Totals ...
Trends <ul><li>Library infrastructure  </li></ul><ul><li>is being stretched to capacity. </li></ul>10/17/08
Staff <ul><li>“ The technology was brought in, and a whole new service created, without additional staff. It was just doub...
Staff 10/17/08
IT support 10/17/08
Buildings <ul><li>A majority of library buildings are 25-50 years old, and 40% of library buildings are estimated to be in...
Internet Services 10/17/08
Solutions <ul><li>Staff training </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot projects </li></ul><ul><li>Community engagement and problem-solvi...
Connectivity Project <ul><li>“ The problem has become not basic connectivity, but obtaining and sustaining access to the I...
Connectivity Project <ul><li>Eight Key Findings: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of awareness of the role of libraries </li></ul><u...
Connectivity Project <ul><li>Eight Key Findings: </li></ul><ul><li>5. There is a need for planning tools </li></ul><ul><li...
Connectivity Project: Focus <ul><li>Aggregation and collaboration work </li></ul>10/17/08
Regional Library Cooperatives <ul><li>Model Building: Is there a model of RLC activity in broadband deployment?  </li></ul...
RLCs: Model Building <ul><li>Services: advising, aggregating, management and planning, technical support </li></ul><ul><li...
RLCs: Challenges <ul><li>Keeping up with bandwidth demands </li></ul><ul><li>Costs </li></ul><ul><li>E-rate </li></ul><ul>...
RLCs: Sharing Knowledge 10/17/08
Connectivity Project: Focus <ul><li>Need for higher bandwidth is exploding </li></ul><ul><li>There is a need for planning ...
Capacity Planning  <ul><li>What is the relationship between network-based services and bandwidth needs for public librarie...
Capacity Planning: Definition <ul><li>What should the definition of broadband be in a public library context? </li></ul>10...
Capacity Planning: Bandwidth <ul><li>What is the relationship between services provided and bandwidth needs? </li></ul><ul...
Capacity Planning: Policy and Market <ul><li>What is the actual broadband availability for libraries in the U.S.? </li></u...
Capacity Planning: Models <ul><li>What models for capacity work best under what circumstances? </li></ul><ul><li>What are ...
Capacity Planning: Tools <ul><li>What planning tools would be helpful? </li></ul><ul><li>What actions might local, regiona...
Connectivity Project: Focus <ul><li>There are multiple funding models </li></ul>10/17/08
Encouraging E-rate Participation <ul><li>Training/Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Communications/Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>B...
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State of Technology Access and Funding in U.S. Public Libraries presented at 2008 LITA National Forum

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Larra Clark from the American Library Association\'s Office for Research and Statistics (ORS) and Carrie Lowe from the Office for Information Technology Policy (OITP) presentation at 2008 LITA National Forum in Cincinnati.

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  • State of Technology Access and Funding in U.S. Public Libraries presented at 2008 LITA National Forum

    1. 1. LITA NATIONAL CONFERENCE OCTOBER 17, 2008 PRESENTERS: LARRA CLARK OFFICE FOR RESEARCH & STATISTICS WWW.ALA.ORG/PLINTERNETFUNDING CARRIE LOWE OFFICE FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY POLICY WWW.ALA.ORG/OITP State of Technology Access and Funding in U.S. Public Libraries 10/17/08
    2. 2. Today’s Program <ul><li>Background on Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study </li></ul><ul><li>Key findings and trends from study </li></ul><ul><li>Key learnings from OITP projects </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies in addressing barriers to technology access </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion/Q&A </li></ul>10/17/08
    3. 3. Background <ul><li>The Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study assesses public access to computers, the Internet and Internet-related services in U.S. public libraries, as well as the impact of library funding changes on connectivity, technology deployment and sustainability. </li></ul>10/17/08
    4. 4. Three-Part Study <ul><li>Public Libraries & the Internet online survey </li></ul><ul><li>Focus groups and site visits </li></ul><ul><li>Annual high-level questionnaire to Chief Officers of State Library Agencies </li></ul>10/17/08
    5. 5. Current State of Technology <ul><li>Public library branches, overall, have an average of 12 public access computers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural: 7.5 computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suburban: 13.9 computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban: 21 computers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The average age of these computers is fairly evenly split. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than one year old: average of 6.9 computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2-3 years old: average of 7.1 computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater than 4 years old: average of 5.6 computers </li></ul></ul>10/17/08
    6. 6. Current State of Technology <ul><li>More than half of libraries (56.1%) have no plans to add public computers in the coming year. </li></ul><ul><li>The three leading factors influencing the addition of public computers are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Space (77.7%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost (75.9%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of electrical, cabling or other infrastructure (36.4%) </li></ul></ul>10/17/08
    7. 7. Current State of Technology <ul><li>48% of libraries have no plans to replace computers in the coming year </li></ul><ul><li>42% of libraries do not have a schedule for replacing or adding computers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural: 56.4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suburban: 35.6% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban: 15.6% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The most common replacement or addition schedule is every four years. </li></ul>10/17/08
    8. 8. Current State of Technology 10/17/08
    9. 9. Current State of Technology <ul><li>Two-thirds of libraries now offer wireless access. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural: 56.6% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suburban: 72.1% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban: 80.7% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three-quarters of libraries offer wireless on the same connection used for public desktop computers, reducing the actual speed of access over the network. </li></ul>10/17/08
    10. 10. Current State of Technology 10/17/08
    11. 11. Current State of Technology 10/17/08
    12. 12. Current State of Funding <ul><li>Effective technology planning requires detailed expenditure data. </li></ul><ul><li>Funding data indicate volatility in how libraries support public technology access. </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries rely as much on “other” sources of revenue as they do state and federal to pay for technology-related expenditures. </li></ul><ul><li>Library expenditures are shifting away from collections and staff toward “other” expenditures. </li></ul>10/17/08
    13. 13. Non-Tax Revenue <ul><li>Average Percentage Technology-Related Expenditures from FY 2008 Non-Tax Revenue Sources by Type and Population Served </li></ul>10/17/08
    14. 14. Non-tax revenue 10/17/08
    15. 15. Non-tax revenue 10/17/08
    16. 16. Changes in State Funding, 2007 10/17/08 Decreases No Change Increases   11%+ 5-10% 3-4% 1-2% 1-2% 3-4% 5-10% 11%+ Totals Midwest 1 0 0 0 3 3 1 1 3 12 Northeast 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 0 0 5 South 0 0 1 1 5 2 0 2 4 15 West 1 0 0 0 6 2 2 0 2 13 Totals 2 0 1 1 17 7 5 3 9 45
    17. 17. Trends <ul><li>Library infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>is being stretched to capacity. </li></ul>10/17/08
    18. 18. Staff <ul><li>“ The technology was brought in, and a whole new service created, without additional staff. It was just double the work for no more money.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- North Carolina library director </li></ul>10/17/08
    19. 19. Staff 10/17/08
    20. 20. IT support 10/17/08
    21. 21. Buildings <ul><li>A majority of library buildings are 25-50 years old, and 40% of library buildings are estimated to be in fair or poor condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer than 50% of public libraries benefit from capital revenue sources. </li></ul>10/17/08
    22. 22. Internet Services 10/17/08
    23. 23. Solutions <ul><li>Staff training </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot projects </li></ul><ul><li>Community engagement and problem-solving </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborating/partnering </li></ul>10/17/08
    24. 24. Connectivity Project <ul><li>“ The problem has become not basic connectivity, but obtaining and sustaining access to the Internet services and resources the public needs as the demands of the medium and its users grow rapidly.” </li></ul><ul><li>Connectivity Report </li></ul>10/17/08
    25. 25. Connectivity Project <ul><li>Eight Key Findings: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of awareness of the role of libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Need for higher bandwidth is exploding </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregation and collaboration work </li></ul><ul><li>A minimum bandwidth capacity is needed </li></ul>10/17/08
    26. 26. Connectivity Project <ul><li>Eight Key Findings: </li></ul><ul><li>5. There is a need for planning tools </li></ul><ul><li>6. There is a need for training and support </li></ul><ul><li>7. There are multiple funding options </li></ul><ul><li>8. There are viable models </li></ul>10/17/08
    27. 27. Connectivity Project: Focus <ul><li>Aggregation and collaboration work </li></ul>10/17/08
    28. 28. Regional Library Cooperatives <ul><li>Model Building: Is there a model of RLC activity in broadband deployment? </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges: What challenges do RLCs face in broadband deployment and use in libraries? </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge and Information Transfer: How can experience and knowledge be shared with other RLCs? </li></ul>10/17/08
    29. 29. RLCs: Model Building <ul><li>Services: advising, aggregating, management and planning, technical support </li></ul><ul><li>Key Factors for Success: leadership, vision, advocacy, funding, training, more </li></ul>10/17/08
    30. 30. RLCs: Challenges <ul><li>Keeping up with bandwidth demands </li></ul><ul><li>Costs </li></ul><ul><li>E-rate </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping local staff trained </li></ul>10/17/08
    31. 31. RLCs: Sharing Knowledge 10/17/08
    32. 32. Connectivity Project: Focus <ul><li>Need for higher bandwidth is exploding </li></ul><ul><li>There is a need for planning tools </li></ul>10/17/08
    33. 33. Capacity Planning <ul><li>What is the relationship between network-based services and bandwidth needs for public libraries? </li></ul><ul><li>How can libraries better manage their current bandwidth and plan for future capacity? </li></ul><ul><li>What models exist for achieving adequate bandwidth capacity in the public library community? </li></ul>10/17/08
    34. 34. Capacity Planning: Definition <ul><li>What should the definition of broadband be in a public library context? </li></ul>10/17/08
    35. 35. Capacity Planning: Bandwidth <ul><li>What is the relationship between services provided and bandwidth needs? </li></ul><ul><li>What is adequate bandwidth to support current and future network technologies? </li></ul><ul><li>How does a library determine its bandwidth needs? </li></ul><ul><li>How can a library best manage its bandwidth? </li></ul>10/17/08
    36. 36. Capacity Planning: Policy and Market <ul><li>What is the actual broadband availability for libraries in the U.S.? </li></ul><ul><li>How can libraries work with the telecom industry and regulators to promote a public access market? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the role of E-rate? </li></ul>10/17/08
    37. 37. Capacity Planning: Models <ul><li>What models for capacity work best under what circumstances? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the criteria for building successful capacity partnerships? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the benefits of aggregating demand? </li></ul>10/17/08
    38. 38. Capacity Planning: Tools <ul><li>What planning tools would be helpful? </li></ul><ul><li>What actions might local, regional, or state library or other organizations undertake to promote the high-speed connectivity of libraries? </li></ul>10/17/08
    39. 39. Connectivity Project: Focus <ul><li>There are multiple funding models </li></ul>10/17/08
    40. 40. Encouraging E-rate Participation <ul><li>Training/Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Communications/Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Better data </li></ul>10/17/08

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