Sentence tree

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Sentence tree

  1. 1.  WHAT IS SENTENCE Definition Sentence is a word or group of words that expresses complete thought.It begins with capital letter and ends with terminal mark. Examples He is my brother.
  2. 2.  What is your name? Be quite. Hurray! We have won the match.
  3. 3.  THERE ARE FOUR TYPES OF SENTENCES: SIMPLE SENTENCES COMPOUND SENTENCES COMPLEX SENTENCES COMPOUND COMPLEX SENTENCES
  4. 4.  Simple sentence has one independentclause consisting of subject and predicate. Ind Clause VP Sub V Det Ob She ate an apple. Sub predicate
  5. 5.  A compound sentence consists of at least two independentclauses joined by coordinating conjunctions.sub VP VP conj NP V Com Det sub V Det com I like an apple but my brother likes a mango.Ind Clause Coor Conj Ind Clause
  6. 6.  A complex sentence consists of one independentclause and al least one dependent clause joinedby subordinating conjunction. I met the boy who had helped me.Main Clause Subordinate Clause
  7. 7.  A complex compound sentence consists of at least twoindependents and one or more dependent clauses. He went to college and I went to a market where I bought a bookMain Clause conj Main Clause Subordinate Clause
  8. 8. Subject PredicateAli play cricketThere are two main parts of a sentence.Predicate consists of verb and other words.Subject is the doer of the actionSubject & Predicate
  9. 9.  Subject PredicateAliA dogStudents of hisclassare making noise.is barking in thestreet.is my brother.
  10. 10. Simple Subject Compound subjectSimple sub consists ofsingle noun or a pronounThe earth revolves round the sun.We work togather.Waheed and Javed are fastfriendsDoes the trainer or teacher goalong?Compound sub consists oftwo or more than two simplesubject.Gold is an expensivemetal.Ali and Zafar are runningfast.
  11. 11. SIMPLEPREDICATEAli tried his best and madethe team.I will go there but will not stayso long.Simple predicate is alwaysa verb or verb phraseChildren play cricket.We read the newspaperCOMPOUNDPREDICATETwo or more simplepredicate make acompound predicate
  12. 12. Definition:1. The person or thing that receives the actionof the subject is called the object of theverb.2. An object is a part of the verb on whichsome action has been done.Example:He writes a letter.I gave him a book.They killed a snake.My mother baked a pan cake.
  13. 13.  There are two kinds of object.Direct IndirectDirect object is receiver of theaction.Indirect object identifies for whomor what the action of very isperformedI gave her a pen.He hit the ball.He killed a snake. Ali helped his brother.
  14. 14.  Complement is required to complete grammaticalconstruction or predicate. She looks beautiful. Water is everywhere. She was happy. Ahmad is a teacher. Usman has become a lawyer.

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