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Integrated Project Management And Solution Delivery Process


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Integrated Project Management And Solution Delivery Process

  1. 1. Project Management and Solution Delivery Process Alan McSweeney
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Process Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Solution Delivery and Project Management Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Solution Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Project Management </li></ul><ul><li>Using the Process </li></ul><ul><li>Using the Template Documents </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback and Process Development </li></ul>
  3. 3. Objective <ul><li>To provide you with an introduction to the proposed process and its operation and use in order to get feedback prior to its full implementation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Process Introduction
  5. 5. Project and Solution Delivery Process <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drives Delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensures Acceptance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professionalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer Confidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accuracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audit Trail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost Saving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Management and Reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change Management and Additional Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal Project Closure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time to Adopt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suitability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Too Comprehensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not Currently In Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Project <ul><li>Deliver defined objective/solution </li></ul><ul><li>Must have a defined start and end </li></ul><ul><li>Project management is concerned about delivering what has been committed </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why Use Processes <ul><li>Increase credibility </li></ul><ul><li>Increase visibility of the customer engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving customer confidence and facilitating smoother engagements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improve profitability by customising pre-defined proven processes rather than developing new ones </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce risk through improve planning </li></ul><ul><li>competitors have them </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate surprises </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why Use Processes <ul><li>Structure and mechanism for knowledge capture and reuse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A means for the retention and application of company knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse encouraged and will become the normal practice, with significant reduction in the development of non-reusable collateral </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adaptive and creative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowing personnel to follow a structure and focus on adding value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New and developing resources are brought up to speed more quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resource Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better understanding and definition of required skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training based around methodologies, standard techniques, and tools </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Why Use Processes <ul><li>Initially painful </li></ul><ul><li>Can seem to be longwinded </li></ul><ul><li>They really do help </li></ul><ul><li>Add value </li></ul>
  10. 10. Methodology and Processes <ul><li>Methodology without process is meaningless </li></ul><ul><li>Process without usage is pointless </li></ul>Methodology (General Framework) Process (Actualises the Methodology) Use the Process (Achieve the Benefits)
  11. 11. Solution Delivery and Project Management Processes
  12. 12. Project and Solution Delivery Process <ul><li>Two processes running in parallel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution Delivery – delivery of the solution to the customer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Management – management of the delivery of the solution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Processes must work together </li></ul><ul><li>Processes supported by document templates </li></ul><ul><li>Templates used to capture and document information </li></ul><ul><li>Templates provide a framework for management and control </li></ul>
  13. 13. Document Templates <ul><li>Full set of project template documents Project Management - </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PMOPROJECT MANAGEMENT </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution Delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PMOSOLUTION DELIVERY </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Planning and Analysis Detailed Design Implementation and Installation Testing Training and Handover Support, Administration and Maintenance Initiation Scope Quality Communication Risks, Issues and Decisions Closure Project Management Solution Delivery
  15. 15. Use of Process <ul><li>Tailor process to suit project </li></ul><ul><li>Agree in advance how project is to be handled: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use process appropriate for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of participants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>role </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. V Lifecycle Approach V Project Initiation Project Closure System Requirements System Testing High-Level Design Integration Testing Low-Level Design Component Testing Install and Implement Define Requirements and Solution Deliver Solution and Fulfil Requirements
  17. 17. V Lifecycle Approach <ul><li>Match project scope and solution design to what is delivered </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure delivery matches what is committed </li></ul><ul><li>Requirement drive delivery and closure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must identify and document requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must deliver on requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements may change during the life of the project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Additional revenue </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Solution Delivery Phases <ul><li>Planning and Analysis – customer requirements are captured and documented </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed Design – the proposed solution is documented is detail </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation and Installation – the solution is installed </li></ul><ul><li>Testing – the solution is tested </li></ul><ul><li>Training and Handover – the solution is handed over to the customer and training is provided </li></ul><ul><li>Support, Administration and Maintenance – the solution is transferred to support </li></ul>
  19. 19. Solution Delivery Process <ul><li>Document requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Design solution to meet requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High level and detailed design </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confirm solution design </li></ul><ul><li>Implement solution </li></ul><ul><li>Test solution and confirm requirements are met </li></ul><ul><li>Handover solution and provide training </li></ul>
  20. 20. Project Management Phases <ul><li>Initiation – the project is formally initiated </li></ul><ul><li>Scope – project scope is managed and changes are captured </li></ul><ul><li>Quality – project quality is managed </li></ul><ul><li>Communication – project communications are managed and documented </li></ul><ul><li>Risks, Issues and Decisions – project issues, risks and decisions are managed and documented </li></ul><ul><li>Closure – the project is closed and moved to maintenance </li></ul>
  21. 21. Project Management <ul><li>Not sequential </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling the project will lead to changes in project planning and execution </li></ul>Initiate Plan Execute Control Close P I E Cn Cl
  22. 22. Solution Delivery
  23. 23. Solution Delivery - Planning and Analysis This logs requirements to provide traceability to ensure they are delivered. Requirements Traceability Log.doc This documents the customer’s objectives and requirements. Objectives and Requirements Specification.doc This is a checklist to non-functional or operational requirements. Non-Functional Requirements Checklist.doc This is a checklist to infrastructure requirements. Infrastructure Requirements Checklist.doc This describes the functionality of the solution being delivered. Functional Specification.doc This is a checklist to validate requirements. Final Requirements Checklist.doc
  24. 24. Solution Delivery - Detailed Design This defines the concept of the solution Proposed Solution.doc This documents the actual solution design at a high level. High Level Design.doc This documents the actual solution design in detail. Detailed Design.doc
  25. 25. Solution Delivery - Implementation and Installation This documents how the solution will be installed. Installation Plan.doc
  26. 26. Solution Delivery - Testing This logs the testing performed. Test Execution Log.doc This defines the plan for performing testing. System Test Plan.doc This documents a fault discovered during testing. Fault Report.doc This is a log of any faults discovered during testing. Fault Report Log.doc This details the set of tests to be performed to validate the solution. Acceptance Test Specification.doc This defines the approach to testing of the solution. Acceptance Test Package.doc
  27. 27. Solution Delivery - Training and Handover This documents the solution. User Documentation Manual.doc
  28. 28. Solution Delivery - Support, Administration and Maintenance This documents the transfer of the solution to support. Transfer to Support.doc This documents the level of support to be provided. Solution Support Plan.doc This defines the service level to be provided. Service Level Agreement.doc This documents a plan to provide operational support. Operational Support Plan.doc
  29. 29. Project Management
  30. 30. Project Management - Initiation This describes the project organisation. Project Organization Chart.ppt This defines the scope of the work to be done. Statement of Work (SOW).doc This initiates the project. Project Initiation Document (PID).doc
  31. 31. Project Management - Scope This is the project plan for delivering the solution. Solution Delivery Plan.mpp This is used to document a request for a change. Change Request.doc This logs requests for changes. Change Request Log.doc This documents an issue that has been raised that needs to be responded to. Issue Resolution Request.doc
  32. 32. Project Management - Quality This is a plan for managing project quality. Quality Plan.doc This documents results of testing for quality logging. Quality Log.doc
  33. 33. Project Management - Communication This is a document for use with a project steering committee. Steering Committee Meeting Agenda.doc This is a sample weekly report. Project Weekly Status Report.doc This is an internal project report. Project Monthly Report.doc This is used to record meeting minutes. Meeting Agenda and Minutes.doc This is a request for information Information Request.doc This is a log of requests for information. Information Request Log.doc This is a formal notification of a project delay. Delay Notification.doc This is a log of delays that have occurred in the project. Delay Notification Log.doc This is a sample status report presentation Customer Status Report Presentation.ppt This is a sample monthly report. Customer Monthly Status Report.doc This logs communications. Communication Log.doc This documents project communication. Communication Distribution Plan.doc
  34. 34. Project Management - Risks, Issues and Decisions This documents a project issue. Issue Report.doc This documents a project decision. Decision Request.doc This is a log of actions, issues and decisions. Actions-Issues-Decisions Log.doc
  35. 35. Project Management - Closure This is used to record formal project signoff by the customer. Project Sign-off.doc This documents project closure. Project Closeout Report.doc
  36. 36. Using the Process
  37. 37. Using the Process <ul><li>Effective project and solution delivery steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 – Initiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 – Requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 – Project Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 – Solution Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 – Delivery and Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6 – Training and Handover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 – Closure and Move to Maintenance </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Project and Solution Process – 1 - Initiation <ul><li>Copy folder structure into project location such as PROJECTS<CUSTOMER><PROJECT> on shared folder </li></ul><ul><li>Take project scope from previously submitted sales proposals </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Project Management10 InitiationStatement of Work (SOW).doc and send to customer for review and signoff </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Project Management10 InitiationProject Initiation Document (PID).doc if project justifies it (greater than 20 days effort) </li></ul><ul><li>Rename the documents to include customer and project name </li></ul><ul><ul><li><Customer> <Project> Project Initiation Document (PID).doc </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Document Storage <ul><li>Store template documents to shared location </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PROJECTS<CUSTOMER><PROJECT> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create separate folder in PROJECTS for each customer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create separate folder in PROJECTS <CUSTOMER> for each project for the customer </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Project and Solution Process – 2 - Requirements <ul><li>Gather and define customer requirements using documents in Solution Delivery10 Planning and Analysis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives and Requirements Specification.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Requirements Checklist.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Requirements Checklist.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-Functional Requirements Checklist.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manage requirements through life of project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements Traceability Log.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complete functional specification – defines what is to be done (not how) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Functional Specification.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See separate Requirements Management process to be used for larger projects </li></ul>
  41. 41. Requirements Definition and Documentation <ul><li>Requirements Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements Management </li></ul>Gather Analyse Review Assess Capture Change
  42. 42. Requirements Definition <ul><li>Gather – Tasks relating to the initial gathering of requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Analyse – Analysing and categorising requirements and specifying them </li></ul><ul><li>Review – Agreeing (with the customer) exactly what the requirements are. Modify if necessary to reach agreement. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Requirements Classification <ul><li>Business – objectives and goals to be delivered as a result of the solution </li></ul><ul><li>Functional – what it does </li></ul><ul><li>Technical – operational and procedural constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation – how the solution will be implemented </li></ul><ul><li>Project – requirements of the project </li></ul>
  44. 44. Business Requirements <ul><li>Financial (Market share increase) </li></ul><ul><li>Customer-related (On-time delivery) </li></ul><ul><li>Business Processes (Business cycle times) </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation and Learning Measures (Speed of completing transactions) </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory Requirements (Adherence to regulations) </li></ul>
  45. 45. Functional Requirements <ul><li>Inputs </li></ul><ul><li>Outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Actions </li></ul><ul><li>Responses </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Usage </li></ul>
  46. 46. Technical Requirements <ul><li>Performance (Response times, transaction throughput rates, batch job durations.) </li></ul><ul><li>Volumes (Data capacity, network bandwidth, business units) </li></ul><ul><li>Availability (Required uptime, daytime periods for which the system must be available) </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience (No single point of failure, MTBF of components, switchover times) </li></ul><ul><li>Recoverability (Backup times, tolerable data loss, offsite needs, recovery timescales) </li></ul><ul><li>Scalability (How the solution will deal with more users/data, capability for predicted growth) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity (Degree of problems tolerated, problem detection needs) </li></ul><ul><li>Interfaces (Internal and external, user, hardware, software, communications) </li></ul><ul><li>IT Management (Event handling and classification, detection needs, management roles and processes) </li></ul>
  47. 47. Implementation Requirements <ul><li>Timescales (What are the desired target dates) </li></ul><ul><li>Disruption and Impact (What levels of disruption can be tolerated) </li></ul><ul><li>Data Conversion (What data needs to be migrated, how, and with what constraints) </li></ul><ul><li>Supportability (What levels of support will be needed) </li></ul><ul><li>Training (What staff require what new skills) </li></ul><ul><li>Handover (Process of transfer of control, parallel run) </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Warranty (Coverage during warranty) </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Warranty </li></ul><ul><li>Operation </li></ul>
  48. 48. Project Requirements <ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities </li></ul>
  49. 49. Requirements Management <ul><li>Capture – Ensure that the new requirements or change requests are captured </li></ul><ul><li>Assess – Consider whether the changes will be actioned. Approve or reject </li></ul><ul><li>Change – Undertake the changes </li></ul>
  50. 50. Project and Solution Process – 3 – Project Planning and Management <ul><li>Complete first draft of project plan </li></ul>
  51. 51. Project Planning and Management <ul><li>Standard project plan structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customise detail for individual project </li></ul>
  52. 52. Managing Change <ul><li>Changes during the course of a project are inevitable and can affect the scope, cost, delivery, and nature of the deliverables as well as the functioning of the project team </li></ul><ul><li>Change Management is a systematic process that allows for changes and at the same time aims to minimise the negative consequences of these changes </li></ul><ul><li>Change process must be included in the project initiation material and published to the customer </li></ul>
  53. 53. Change Process
  54. 54. Change Control Templates <ul><li>Project Management20 Scope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue Resolution Request.doc – document issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change Request Log.doc – maintain log of change requests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change Request.doc – document change request and document outcome </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. Risk Management <ul><li>Risk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All projects have risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to identify and manage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action can be taken to mitigate/circumvent risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimise the negative risk impacts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk management steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Management Planning – determine the approach to risk management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk identification - identify all known project risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Analysis - perform an assessment of the probability of occurrence and potential impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Response Planning - create action plans to manage the identified risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Monitoring and Control – monitor, review and update risk status and plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Closeout – document lessons learned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take appropriate approach to managing risk </li></ul>
  56. 56. Issue Management <ul><li>Issue management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying, tracking, resolving, and communicating to project stakeholders the issues that arise out of day-to-day project execution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ongoing process, from start to closure of any project and it is a critical component of project monitoring and control activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify Project Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish Issue Tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate the Issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine Issue Resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement Issue Resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close the Issue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Take appropriate approach to managing risk </li></ul>
  57. 57. Risk and Issue Management Templates <ul><li>Project Management50 Risks, Issues and Decisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Actions-Issues-Decisions Log.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision Request.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue Report.doc </li></ul></ul>
  58. 58. Project and Solution Process – 4 – Solution Design <ul><li>Complete solution design using documents contained in Solution Delivery20 Detailed Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High Level Design.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed Design.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed Solution.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not always necessary to use all documents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends on project size and approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could have single design document </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. Project Reporting <ul><li>Define communication structure during initiation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Status reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency - weekly, fortnightly, monthly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content/agenda </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Frequency - weekly, fortnightly, monthly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content/agenda </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Levels – project team, project steering group </li></ul></ul></ul>
  60. 60. Project Reporting <ul><li>Use documents in Project Management40 Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Document how communication is handled - Communication Distribution Plan.doc </li></ul><ul><li>Log communications - Communication Log.doc </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting Agenda and Minutes.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steering Committee Meeting Agenda.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer Monthly Status Report.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer Status Report Presentation.ppt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Monthly Report.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Weekly Status Report.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other communications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delay Notification Log.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delay Notification.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Request Log.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Request.doc </li></ul></ul>
  61. 61. Project and Solution Process – 5 – Delivery and Testing <ul><li>Deliver solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution Delivery30 Implementation and Installation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution Delivery40 Testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptance Test Package.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptance Test Specification.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fault Report Log.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fault Report.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>System Test Plan.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Test Execution Log.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test against requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Log results of tests to establish audit trail </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. Project Quality <ul><li>Project Management30 Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Log.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Plan.doc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ensures that quality is built into project from the start </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers real benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced rework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased customer satisfaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased project profitability </li></ul></ul>
  63. 63. Project and Solution Process – 6 – Training and Handover <ul><li>Handover </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50 Training and Handover </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. Project and Solution Process – 7 – Closure and Move to Maintenance <ul><li>Closure and Move to Maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Management60 Closure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Project Closeout Report.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Project Sign-off.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution Delivery60 Support, Administration and Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Operational Support Plan.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Service Level Agreement.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solution Support Plan.doc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer to Support.doc </li></ul></ul></ul>
  65. 65. More Information <ul><ul><ul><li>Alan McSweeney </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul>