Pe Pp071

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Pe Pp071

  1. 1. Project Proposal,2007 for Polio Eradication Through Social Mobilization Support in South 24 Parganas District A UNICEF supported project Implemented by Indra Narayanpur Nazrul Smriti Sangha Applicant & Legal Holder: Mr. Nazrul Islam Secretary Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti Sangha P.O – Ramnagar abad Dist – South 24 Parganas Pin – 743349 West Bengal Ph. No. 033 – 2410 -8980/9830185170 e-mail –nazrul.i@rediffmail.com 1
  2. 2. FROM THE DESK OF THE SECRETARY We express our gratitude to UNICEF and IAG for lending us immense technical and financial support towards working for mitigating maternal and child mortality and morbidity by way of carrying out social mobilisation activities in five Blocks of South 24 Parganas district. We, in our turn, tried our best to achieve the same with utmost honesty and efficiency. We are glad to report that percentage of booth day coverage has been steadily rising in our operational area since the inception of our intervention. Hope, our united effort will surely bring about a great positive change to present the posterity a Polio free world. With thankful regards, (Mr. Nazrul Islam) General Secretary 2
  3. 3. Introduction Children are the future of the nation. So it is our social and moral duty to protect each child from all sorts of hazards. Health hazards are considered to be the biggest problem of India today. Infrastructure lacuna and social inhibition / factors are chief reasons for this. As a result, we see high rate of child mortality, premature births, malnourished babies, and female foeticides and so on. So, we have to secure a healthy environment for our next generation so that they can bring a healthy - wealthy nation in the future. It can be done only through routine immunization of the expecting mothers and the newborns to avoid health problems. With this idea, UNICEF and INSS came together and started Social Mobilization for Polio Eradication and Routine Immunization programme in September 2003. District Administration also cooperated towards this end and the programme is about to reach a grand success in South 24 Parganas. But, the time was not sufficient to make people aware and to mobilize everyone living in the most interior areas. So we would like to present this proposal for your kind consideration towards continuation / expansion of the present programme for a period of one more year. Statement of the problem and rationale of the project Problems Context: Polio eradication is the result of a coordinated effort by all the stakeholders on three fronts:  Strengthened routine immunisation in which every child below two years of age receive five doses of OPV  Improving general sanitary conditions in the area whereby the virus gets limited chances of spreading rapidly and  Conducting Special Immunisation Activities in which all children in the zero to five years age -group receive two drops of OPV. Whereas the first two interventions require sustained activity and are dependant on multifarious interventions including certain interventions in the income generation sector, it is possible to implement the third intervention in a campaign mode. Intensified Pulse Polio Immunisation is the only possible activity which enables the community to keep the deadly wild polio virus at bay and if all children in the target age group are vaccinated, it is possible to create a protective wall of immunity which is capable of wiping out the wild virus completely. Most of the countries of the world have already been able to successfully eradicate the wild polio-virus. However, endemic transmission in some of the countries is posing a constant threat to the world-community and there are 3
  4. 4. chances that the deadly diseases may bounce back to areas where the virus was thought to have been wiped out earlier. As per latest available statistics 1212 children in the world have been affected by the disease in 2006 (data from WHO as on 27th October, 2006). Six countries across the globe remain polio endemic whereas 11 countries are suffering from importation of the virus from the endemic countries. There are six countries including Sudan, Indonesia where the virus has staged a comeback after several years of hibernation. However, there is the ray of hope in the fact that eight countries across the globe which reported polio cases in 2004 have remained untouched till date during the current year. In India, there were 134 incidents of polio cases in 2004. During the current year the figures have reached 441 till date. In West Bengal, the scourge is still persisting, though in a substantially reduced scale. In 2004, due to a multi- pronged attack on the virus with the support from the civil society organisations and other stakeholders, the threat could be restricted and the State recorded only two cases of polio. During the current year, there is ono incidence of the disease in the State so far. In West Bengal, the most important issue in the entire polio eradication campaign is to ensure community participation in the programme, which ensures that the people voluntarily accept the antigen during different pulse polio rounds. In view of certain misgivings amongst the community regarding the efficacy of the vaccine, side effects of its administration and a host of other issues some of which are the result of sheer rumour mongering. It could be found that often the element of voluntarism is lacking. It is at this point the civil society organisations could play a distinct role in cooperation with other partners in the government and PRI sectors. Our tasks are to ensure that the parents report to the IPPI posts on the booth day itself with their children and administer pulse polio doses to them. It is further endeavoured that at the end of the activities in a round of IPPI, no child is left without two drops of polio. Thus the foci are on: • Increasing booth-day coverage and • Reducing left out children. Causes Specific causes for low booth day turn-outs are many and it needs a multi pronged attack from all government departments, Panchayati Raj Institutions, supportive institutions and individuals and the civil society organisations to change the scenario. The problem initially had two mutually reinforcing faces- one in the supply side and the other in the demand side. The supply side which is more the domain of the healthcare functionaries, had since been addressed to a great extent with IPPI posts on every pulse polio round at every cluster having around four hundred households/ two hundred and fifty children in the zero to five years age group. On the demand side much is needed be done to ensure that people are armed with appropriate information, that they are aware of the risks averted to the child due to acceptance of pulse polio immunization and they seek out services on time. This requires sustained activities in the community and 4
  5. 5. with the opinion leaders on the one hand and the families on the other. Adequate awareness generation activities and persuasion with the caregivers ensures that people seek services and return for more. This is required for repeat vaccination of children during every round of IPPI irrespective of the previous immunisation history of the child. Overview of the project Addressing the problems The proposed project “Polio Eradication through Social Mobilisation Support in South 24 Parganas district” proposes to address the problem of low routine immunization coverage by employing a multi-pronged strategy. The most important part is to reach out to each and every family having children between zero to five year age group through inter-personal communication (IPC). We propose to reach out to families and the mothers with a package of IEC, IPC, social mobilization and community dialogue activities. Incidentally it need be mentioned that this is not a newly introduced project and INSS had been working with UNICEF for more than last two years on this issue and the interventions in its working area in Pathar pratima,Namkhana,Kakdwip,Sagar and Mathurapur - II blocks yielded considerable results thereby enhancing pulse polio coverage and reducing the ultimate figures pertaining to number of children left out at the end of the activity. The following activity reports, diagrams and tables give clear indication of success of INSS in this front. We strongly believe that with enhanced support to the social mobilization network and further facilitation to the community, the community can contribute to a great extent in eradicating the deadly virus from the area. 5
  6. 6. Activities Undertaken under Various Interventions under PE. (From January to September,06) Sr. No. Activities 1 Inter Personal Communication 1.1 IPC with Family 1.2 IPC with difficult / Resistant Families 2 Community Dialogue 2.1 Para Level Meeting 2.2 SHG Group Orientation 3 Social Mobilization 3.1 Mobile Miking 3.2 GP level miking sestization programs in schools 3.4 Meeting with GP Members 3.5 Block task force Meeting 3.6 GP level Linkage Meeting 3.7 Meeting with Imam / Moulana 4 Capacity Building 4.1 volunteer orientation 4.2 Social Mobiliser orientation 5 Monitoring & Evaluation 5.1 SDTF Meeting 5.2 SM review Meeting 5.3 DTF Meeting 5.4 Staff /supervisor review meeting(partner NG0) 6
  7. 7. Area of Operation: the project is proposed to be implemented. Number Number Sl Block Gram Panchayat of Sub- of PPKs centre Surjanagar,Srinagar,Bapuji, Netaji,Rabindra,Rishi 01 Kakdwip Bankim,Vivekananda,Ram 14 90 Krishna and Madhusudanpur Dakshin Gangadharpur,Raypur,Diga mbarpur,SP 02 Patharpratima pur,Ramganga,Gopal nagar, 27 150 Durbajyoti,Brojoballavpur,G plot,Sridharnagar,Bonoshya mnagar,Achinta Nagar Mousuni,Fejargunje,Shibra 03 Namkhana mpur,Namkhana, 19 70 Narayanpur,Bodhakhali Gangasagar,Dhoblot,Rudran 04 Sagar agr,Ramkachap,DS – I, 12 80 Muriganga – I,II, Kumrapara, 05 Mathurapur - II Raidighi,Khari,Dighirpar,Gile 12 60 rchat Total 5 39 84 450 7
  8. 8. Partnership profile The project is to be implemented by INSS with primary partnership with UNICEF. However, we extend the concept of partnership and incorporate all the stakeholders in the partnership net. Thus the health and ICDS functionaries- the people at the helm of affairs, the block administration, the panchayat representatives, teachers, other important community leaders including the religious leaders and political workers have been included in the ambit of the activities. Over and above, there is the community at large which sector is proposed to undergo through a series of empowerment process thereby making it possible for them to exercise an informed choice. Mechanism for working with partners For working with different partners in the government and non-government set up, we propose to put to lace different linkage meetings. We further propose to utilize the existing fora of health sector reviews at the block and Gram Panchayat levels. The Block Task Force meetings and the monthly review meetings taken by the Block Medical Officers of Health may be important for a offering scope of dialogue at the block level whereas at the Gram Panchayat level, we propose to utilize the standard meetings on the fourth Saturdays of the months. 8
  9. 9. Organization Profile INDRANARAYANPUR NAZRUL SMRITI SANGHA ( I N S S ) Address (Main Office) Vill:Indranarayan Pur PO. Ramnagar Abad, Pathar Pratima PS South 24 Parganas – 743 349 West Bengal, India City office: 33,Shek para,Brahmapur(Battala),Kolkata 700096 Phone Number +91-33-2410 8980 Fax Number NIL Email:inssngo@yahoo.com/ nazrul.i@rediffmail.com Mobile :( 0) 98301 85170 Responsible Individual Name Sk. Nazrul Islam Title Secretary & Executive Director Legal structure: a. Registered under society registration act XXVI 1961 West Bengal vide # S/32625 dated 7/7/1981 b. Registered under FCRA vide # 147110112 dated.16/08/1985 c. Registered under income tax exception under 12 (A) and 80 (G) Exempted u/s 80(g) of the IT Act, 1961 vide valid till the financial year 2005-2010. d. PAN Number:AAAT 12951 G Number of staffs. Currently, there is 42 staff working in INSS. This excludes volunteers and part time Staff, details is given below Full Time Part Time TOTAL Male Female Male Female Office 3 4 7 Field 9 15 24 Professiona 4 4 3 0 11 l Volunteers 12 10 22 9
  10. 10. Overview Sundarbans, the majestic mangrove delta in the southern tip of West Bengal, leading to Bay of Bengal is one of the most diversified bio-mass in the world. Known for its abounding flora and fauna, the delta is also the home for almost four-and-half million people. The Sundarban that has created creative verses within artistic minds is also known for the terror it regularly unleashes on the hapless millions who depend on it for survival. The area called Sundarbans is spread over two countries (India and Bangladesh). It is a network of rivers, channels and creeks, encompassing 54 major islands and hundreds of smaller ones. The changing course of the rivers, developing landmasses and vanishing islands makes the delta a dynamic entity. The Sundarbans in India is about 9500 skm in area, of which roughly 60 percent have been earmarked as classified forest area and thus, not open for human inhabitation. The delta falls in two districts of North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas, with the latter accounting for over three-fourths of the land. Of the 19 administrative blocks that forms the delta, thirteen are in South 24 Parganas. The major urban centers in the delta are Kakdwip, Raidighi and Canning, gateways to the interior part of Sundarban. The delta starts from about 80 kms South of Kolkata and stretches for another 120 kms from there. Pathar Pratima, Namkhana, Mathurapur II, Kakdwip, Sagar, Kultali, Gosaba and Basanti are the blocks in the South Sundarban area that received the brunt of natural calamities. The above blocks constitute nearly 45 percent of the Sundarban population. The intricate river networks form the lifeline for the people, aiding movement, transport and communication, despite its irregularity, unpredictability and lack of any systematic transport system. Bulk of the farming community is small and marginal land owners. There are a large percentage of scheduled caste and minority groups, constituting over 60 percent of the population. Tribal population, living in closely formed clusters, is scattered around the blocks. In terms of numbers, the tribal people constitute only a negligible 3% of the population. The tribal community of Sundarbans are basically from the Santhal Parganas, brought centuries ago as slaves to the delta. The major occupation is land farming and fishing. Almost 80 percent of the population is engaged in farming, farm related labour, fishing, fishing labour and unskilled daily labour. However, despite its huge potential in terms of land and water availability, almost 70 percent of the people are denied of employment even for one third of a year. Thus, poverty and lack of employment opportunities, 10
  11. 11. thanks to prolonged negligence and apathy has contributed to the overall precarious scenario in the delta, both in social and economic terms. The unique geographic positioning of Sundarbans has made it one of the most calamities prone in the region. People move from one calamity to another, be it floods, thunderstorms or cyclones. Poor become poorer and unable to recover from one calamity, they fall from the calamity to a calamity process, an unending cycle that has destroyed the will and spirit of the Sundarban community. Floods strike the delta 2.3 times a year. Unlike other areas where floods are followed by bumper crops, in Sundarbans they are dreaded by the people. Being in close vicinity to the ocean, tidal floods that cause havoc in the delta inundates the land with saline water. Once saline water enters the land, there is no way out for the people. They loose their cultivation, paddy growth decays, ponds get salivated, no drinking water is possible, animals go thirsty and chaos reigns in the village alleys. So much so, that at times, cultivation becomes impossible for up to four years in a stretch. Salinity of the top soil is difficult to be washed away. It has to dilute itself through fresh rains and often, when the salinity starts vanishing, a fresh inundation threatens the very sustenance of the families who are dependent on farming. Thanks to the centuries of calamity experience, the people of Sundarbans have their own way of protecting their lives, but not their livelihoods. Today, the disasters in the delta are slow killers. People have learned how to tide over the flooding waters and move themselves to safety. But they cannot carry their land to safety. The only mechanism that the government had to combat the floods was embankments. Year after year, long stretches of embankments are made and repaired, only to be breached and broken at the first rush of waters. The embankments have become a way of business for the vested interests in the local government and administration. It is estimated of the 200,000 hectares of estuaries that the delta possesses; only about 40,000 hectares are utilized for fishing. Sundarban has the potential to supply fish to the entire North and eastern India, but sadly enough, one can find fish from Andhra Pradesh being sold in its inner markets. Fishery, one of the most potent economic activities that the delta possesses is in shambles. Today, the hundreds of thousands of poor and small time fishermen have been swamped aside by the big trawlers and the nexus they have with powerful middlemen, political bodies and local mafia. Unscrupulous damage done to the river banks, its eco system and environment has destroyed the bio-marine in the river network. In the name of that elusive pot of gold by catching and selling prawn spawns, people have for years destroyed other varieties of marine lives. Every February over the last decade and half, villages in Sunderbans area are abruptly emptied. Sunderbans is “mono-cropped”. In other words, it now produces just one type of crop, harvested at one time of year. So busloads of men leave for the agriculturally rich Hooghly and Burdwan districts, seeking work on 11
  12. 12. the roads and fields there, in the rice mills and construction sites or whatever they could manage to hold on. It has been found that displacement of labour from agricultural work and increasing outward migration are the most important change on the agricultural scene in the past deaden and half. This outbound migration of male members has also resulted in an increase in the ratio number of female agricultural workers in their areas. Thus, today, women who were predominantly confined within their homes and tending to the family members are forced to come out and engage in economic activities, while continuing with their engagement at home front. At the same time, the number of marginal workers have gone up significantly from 8.1 per cent in 1991 to 14.2 per cent in 2002 while there was a sharp fall in the percentage of “main workers” (more than 183 days a year), especially male workers, coming from rural areas. The figures thus indicate both casualization and feminization of the workforce in rural areas, with the ratio of marginal women workers becoming larger and more significant, while men are more and more moving out in search of the elusive employment. The cumulative effect of protracted calamities, inability of the people to cope with the rising disasters and interlined poverty and lack of support, infrastructure and empathy from successive governments and administration has put the people in jeopardy. Violence against women, atrocities, armed robbery, trafficking and forced migration is direct consequences of the disaster-poverty cycle in the delta. Organization Vision and Mission & Objectives Vision: INSS envisages an abounding society free from the perils of social, economic and political inequalities, where men and women have equal access to their rights and entitlements, living in harmony with each other and with the nature. Mission: INSS shall strive to capacitate the poor and marginalized communities to local initiatives for self-sufficiency and self-reliance. INSS shall combat poverty and livelihood insecurity of the vulnerable populace through naturally sustainable development measures, with particular focus on development of women and children, based on the principles of Empowerment, Equity and Entitlement. Main Objectives • Take up IGP activities and improve of socio-economic and political status of women for self-reliant. • Awareness on functional education. • Development of their skill, empower them with knowledge and proficiency. • Accomplish enabling environment for women emancipation through adequate opportunity and information • Eradication of Polio through Social Mobilization and Strengthening 12
  13. 13. Routine Immunisation  Improve awareness of women on their entitlements  To meet the standing need of flood victims.  To improve livelihood opportunities  Improve economic accessibility and reduce insecurity.  Improve access of women and children to health • Improved access to health and livelihood support for risk children living under vulnerable socio-economic conditions. • Improved social acceptance of handicapped children • Ensuring enabling environment for their emancipation through networking, lobby and advocacy • To meet the emergency health service needs of poor families • To impart health education through various awareness programmes, camps, workshops etc. • To generate health and sanitation awareness among the mass • To improve health and nutrition status of poor mass. • To check immoral practices done in the name of health service Main activities  Integrated sustainable development for poverty alleviation  Women’s empowerment through small groups and organizations  Capacity building and local leadership development  Self Help Groups, thrift and credit activities  Community based health care, both preventive and curative service  Low cost public health center, dispensary and pathology services  Education for children and women too  Income Generating options for women through local resource optimization  Skill Development, vocational training scheme for women  Livelihood Support to local fishermen  Support to physically disabled children  Skill Development, vocational training scheme for women Special Initiatives,2006 The storm of 19th October 2006 onwards caused widespread damages & destruction in Midnapore, 24 Parganas (South) Districts of West Bengal. The heavy storm on the speed of 60-65 km per hour of affected thousands of families. These loss and Damages are restricted to 5 blocks in South 24 Parganas. All the affected areas are on islands making immediate 13
  14. 14. emergency response and other interventions difficult. District Administration in response of destructive storm immediately carried out the assessment with the assistance of its block officers and other civil society organisations, local Panchayats who were mainly engaged in evacuating the affected families and mobilising local people. Since it was a sudden, the government offices like the BDO and others took little time and thus government response was inadequate and has remained so till 72 hours after the storm made its effect. . Arsad Molla a migrated labour to Gujrat came back at his house to for puja in evening of the darkest day in his life. He said “we are labour class, each year this time I go outside for earning Destroyed house of Mr. Arshad some extra money for festival; this year market was down, so I came back early to my family but I did not know that it would be last supper together.” The cyclone left only one alive making two souls in heaven. Arsad recollected “we all were about to be out from nearly collapsed thatched house, but the right moment never come for my two children, suddenly the big tree collapsed. Arsad and Hasina with the little one could manage to come out, other but other two totally left under the tree. Hasina the mother, could face the reality, her eyes are still searching for her children. The dead could not be taken out during night; tree was heavy. In the early morning they got two dead bodies by only digging up the mud. Relief & Assistance BDO of Mathurapur-II, shared with INSS team that he has asked for 2000 polythine and 200 quintal rice. But till date he got only 250 polythine sheet and 25 quital rice. But hopefully this requirement will reach there by next two days. But he also shared that this amount are nothing to cope with the situation. District does not have dry food packets that was essential to meet the first The INSS team meet BDO, Mathurapur - II hand need of people. Medicine, cloths are equally important. Even 2000 sheets are also not adequate to meet the huge need. The same information we have got when we talk to people. They asked for food, cloth and shelter. That again supported by the Sabhapati of Mathurapur –I. She also received same assistance from govt but other things should be carried forward by voluntary agencies. In Mathurapur block-I, three 14
  15. 15. camps has been established in Natabaria village, Natabaria –primary school, Bakuldaga and Nalua. CBDP- Supported by unicef: INSS a part unicef supported CBDP project implementing it effiecently. The task forces was active in rescue people during the disaster. The response of the taskforce was appriciated by the victims. As soon strom stuct all prepared task force members by their own actively helped the victims. CBDP Project area Block Number GS Kakdwip 6 Patharpratima 7 Namkhana 6 Sagar 6 Mathurapur - II 5 5 30 Short term relief – clothes and garments distributed by INSS Area coverage 20 villages in Mathurapur I and II Cloths & Garments Distribution Sarees 1500 Lungies 1500 Blankets 1400 Child Garments 1500 Total 5900 Besides,INSS have distributed more than 100 tarpoline sheets and some food grains among the cyclone victims in the initial stage of cyclone. 15
  16. 16. INSS have infordmed District administration, sub divisional admininstration and block administration before distribution of the above mentioned materials. Panchyat members were directly involved in the relief distribution. Water Purification Materials distribution – Supported by Unicef A total of 25.000 sahets of water purification materials being distributed by INSS volunteers. This initiatiatives have been consulted with local PRI members. A series of demonstration have been taken up by the volunteers. The administration have been informed about the distribution of water purification materials. Future Plans Area Coverage – 8 villages in Mathurapur I and II Planned activities Kinds Unit Number • House repairing and Bamboo, nails, 150 houses construction carpentry cost, labour cost,Bricks etc. • Livelihood support Cash Crop 25 families (Seed, organic manure, livelihood tools and technical support) Paddy husking, 50 families Animal Husbandry, 120 families Jorry work 25 families Small scale 60 families business (Repairing jobs and small shop) Social Forestry 20 villages (Social mobilization ) 16
  17. 17. Organogram: Governing Body Secretary Program Accounts Director Officer Coordinator Coordinator [Micro Coordinator [Micro Coordinator [Micro [Education] Finance] Finance] Finance] Cluster Cluster Animator Animator Cluster Cluster Animator Animator Volunteer Volunteers Volunteers Volunteers Short Description of Major Projects Undertaken Food Security Empowerment through education and networking for ensuring food security, INSS leading a network of NGO partners, supported by ACTIONAID Preventive Health A mass movement to ensure pulse polio immunization among minorities through a consortium of NGOs led by INSS, supported by UNICEF Livelihood Support Among the marginalized fisher folk communities in Sundarbans, covering over 20,000 families on their right to livelihood, supported by MISEREOR Self Help Groups Economic Empowerment of Women through SHG linked micro finance, supported by various agencies including State Bank of 17
  18. 18. India Advocacy Child Labour and Trafficking, a massive campaign on rights of children, supported by TdH, Geneva (Member of CACL and CACT) Development of INSS has started a development program for under privileged small and minority people i.e. marginalised minority and other backward classes Group through the help of G.D.Charitable Trust-Kolkata Disaster Management INSS started as a relief organization. We have years of experience in disaster response, management and preparedness. Has received support from Oxfam, TdH, Misereor, CFLI ,SCFetc. Rehab. for INSS has been started a Multidisable program at two Gram Multidisable Panchayet at Pathar Pratima Block with the help of CBRF/Caritas-German fund. RCH & HIV/AID Reproductive Child Health and HIV/AID, a massive Advocacy and Campaign program, supported by FDNF-Switzerland. Geographical Areas of Operation West North and South 24 Pgs, Kolkata, Midnapur, Malda, Bengal Murshidabad, Sundarbans Jharkhand Sahebgunj, Pakur Organizational Infrastructure Residential Training Facility in WB for upto 50 persons at a time - Education Centre for disabled children - Rural Health Centre with surgical facilities – One ambulance – Two four wheelers – Six two wheelers – Computer – Phone/Email – Full fledged office – City Coordination Office – 42 staff including experienced activists, field workers and professionals 18
  19. 19. Project Objectives Objectives of the intervention are: • Increase booth day coverage to at least 85-90% • Ensure total coverage to 100% • Reduce Lefts out to 0 • No Polio cases in project period Target group All babies belonging to 0-5 age group and residents of INSS project area. Strategies • Organizing Sensitisation programmes for the local Panchayat representatives, administrative officials, representatives from CBOs and like-minded people of the given blocks and GPs etc. • Providing knowledge assistance understanding the importance of Polio Eradication and organizing orientation programmes on Polio Eradication for the family as well as community members. • Establishing contact and communication linkages with local organizations and institutions for greater community involvement. • Facilitating FGD in the resistant pockets for changing the attitude of the people. • Involving the animators & social mobilisers dutifully engaged in the project in the formation of SHGs for improving the financial resources of the families 19
  20. 20. under the umbrella of the SHGs. So as to make it easier for them to actively participate in the implementation of the programmes under the project. • Effectively strengthening & developing our own organizational infrastructure as the implementing Agency and delineating specific duties & responsibilities for ensuring positive results. Overall outcome expected • Complete eradication of wild polio virus from the area by the end of the project period. Specific results expected • Ninety percent of children vaccinated with OPV on the booth day itself during every round of IPPI • Complete reduction of families refusing polio for their children on pulse polio days • Complete reduction of drop outs at the end of individual rounds of pulse polio immunisation Monitoring indicators for results/ outputs • More mothers reporting at the pulse polio posts (PPKs) to seek immunization services for their children • No instance of polio AFP in the community. Means of verification • Report on pulse polio coverage at the end of different rounds o Both booth day and o Total • Reports on AFP Surveillance obtained through NPSP network • Study reports, if instituted • Coverage Evaluation Survey Reports • Monthly and round-wise monitoring reports of the NGO Description of activities to be undertaken Inter Personal Communication (IPC): 20
  21. 21. It is communication between one and one or one and a group of persons. It is one of he effective tools of spreading of message and thereby their capacity building so that they become resourceful in communicating the message. Community Dialogue: Campaign in the Gram Samsad Meetings: Gram Samsad is a platform where voters of a booth meet and discuss (at least twice in a year) the various aspects of the booth and suggest measures to address. To make the G.S. meeting effective, field level campaigning is arranged prior to G.S. meeting so that the voters attend and actively participate in the meeting. G.P. Level Workshop: G P level workshop is organized to make GP members, RMPs, Imams / Moulanas, Health and ICDS workers at GP level, representative from local schools etc. aware of the objective of the project and to seek their suggestion and co-operation for effective implementation of the project. Para Level Meeting: (Meeting with the groups who reside in same hamlet and close vicinity). It is an effective tool of communicating message of the project for its effective implementation and sustainability. Mothers’ Meeting: Target groups of the project are mothers and children. To communicate the message of the project and to ingrain them in the hearts of mothers these meetings are organized so that they interact effectively and to memorize them at their hearts. Social Mobilization: To sensitize community people various measures are undertaken like – wall painting, quiz competition, cultural program, games & sports, health fairs etc. Through their attention is drawn to the problems on sequence and measures. Linkage Meeting: The project advocates concerted efforts of the public and stake-holders of the community. So, these meeting with participation of the officials of line department, ICDS, Panchayet, village committee, School / Madrasa, PACS, SHGs, Clubs etc. are found very effective. Capacity Building of Social Mobilizers and Volunteers: Trainings on capacity building are organized to raise capacity and to make them resourceful so that they can effectively discharge their duties. Monitoring and Evaluation: It is done on monthly basis depending upon the activities performed against target. It helps to decide the future course of actions for effective implementation of the project. 21
  22. 22. Role and responsibilities of different staff members of the organisation in implementation of the proposed project Designation Roles and Responsibilities District level Project Project Management, Process Documentation, Coordinator Monitoring & Reporting, coordination with District Mobilization Cell Assistant Project Management in 5 Blocks, Area wise Coordinators Process documentation, Monitoring & Reporting of respective area, coordination with the District Coordinators Supervisors Field Coordination, Local Government liaisons and undertaking the capacity building interventions, supervising the animator and social mobilisers. Animators Monitoring field level activities, field visits, report preparation and collation and attending GP level meetings. Time Frame Duration 1st January 2007 to 30st September 2007. Detail time line will synchronize with the dates of different rounds as and when declared by the Government. 22
  23. 23. Budget: Total budget details have been enclosed in a separate format. Conclusion: The survival, protection and development of the children are universal development imperatives that are integral to human progress. With the advancement of science and technology we can ensure the survival of the children by eliminating preventable diseases. It involves low cost, but needs awareness and will. The project is designed nicely to raise awareness and attitudinal change in the community for lessening morbidity and mortality of children. The project will surely contribute towards this end, of course, all concerns extend their requisite supports. 23
  24. 24. Logical Frame Work Analysis (LFA) for Polio Eradication Logic of Intervention Indicators Means of Verification Assumption/Risks Goal: Eradicate polio from the project area • No polio AFP reported through • AFP surveillance • Importation of by end of 2008(no polio case in NPSP network reports WPV from 2004-2005) • Hospital data adjoining endemic areas of Bihar and UP Objectives: • Increase booth day • More than 90% of children in the coverage to more than target age group receive • IPPI reports Newspapers reporting 90% vaccination at the booths from the some events not • Ensure total coverage • All children receive polio drops Health system actually linked to IPPI to 100% at the end of individual rounds • Records • Reduce left outs • No AFP stool recognises wild maintained by • No POLIO cases in polio virus. the project the area staff • AFP surveillance reports 24
  25. 25. Logic of Intervention Indicators Means of Assumption/Risks Verification Input: Community Dialogue • Focussed Group Discussions No. of GDs, GS meetings, para Monthly reports/ • Gram Samsad meetings level meetings, SHG meetings, round specific • Para level meetings GP level meetings, mothers’ reports from the • SHG group meetings meetings held field functionaries, There may be • Gram Panchayat Level Meetings lukewarm response • Mothers' meeting/mother-in-law Visit to the project from the PRI meetings Social Mobilisation No. of linkage meetings at site by UNICEF representatives and • Linkage meeting (Block level) different levels and with different officials, certain other sections • Meeting with groups (Health, ICDS, functionaries held, Panchayat, Village committee, No. of school visits, participation Reports from field School/Madrasa, SSK, SHG, Club) in melas, CD shows, rallies, visit by the officials • School awareness programmes cultural programmes, quiz in the Social • CD shows competitions organised Mobilisation cell at • Rallies the district • Cycle rallies 25
  26. 26. Logic of Intervention Indicators Means of Assumption/Risks Verification Output: • The people of the area will be • People’s knowledge on the risks • Individual Some development more aware about the averted due to pulse polio interviews issues raised and importance of repeated pulse immunisation • Interaction with pulse polio used as a polio immunisation during all • People’s perception about the the care givers bargaining point. SIA rounds. importance of repeated pulse in the families • Linkage with government polio rounds • Reports on department will be • Nearly all children receiving different SIA strengthened. pulse polio immunisation at rounds • Community ownership will be IPPI posts created. • No left out at the end of the • No. of left out will be rounds. substantially reduced. • Resistant families will be decreased. 26

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