Project completion report
Aila Response Program
South 24 Parganas District.
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti Sangha
1. Key Information
Name of Project West Bengal Cyclone Aila Response program 2009
Project Period 1st June 2009 to 31st August 2009
Contact Person Sk. Nazrul Islam
Address Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti Sangha,
8/2 Khanpur Road Kolkata 47
2. Project details
2.1. Goal and Objective of the project:
To contribute to decreased mortality and morbidity arising from Cyclone Aila.
To provide immediate support to decrease public health risks to 10,000 affected
households through provision of
• Water and sanitation facilities,
• Public health services
• Temporary shelter materials
2.2. Project Background/Context
A severe natural calamity i.e. dreadful cyclone known as “Aila” clubbed with heavy rain
fall hit sundarban and other parts of Bengal at 9.30 AM on 24th of may. Raised sea / tidal
river water caused by the storm affected thousands of villages of Sundarbans. Damages
were mostly done due to collapse of the embankment. Saline water from the river and
sea entered villages and washed off habitation within few hours.
The damages caused by the wind and air are as under
1. 90 – 95 % of the houses were mud built. Most of them were collapsed or washed
off. Houses lost fully or partly, family took shelter in the high ground, mostly in the
2. The villagers were living on road and as monsoon rain started they are staying in
3. Loss of the livestock was enormous, most of the families could not bring their
livestock with them during the run. Goat, poultry, ducks etc. are nearly too extinct
form the affected area as only few which survived also dying in diseases.
4. The Rabi crop is totally damaged, As long as saline water would prevail, no crops
can be grown. There would be total shortage of food stuff & vegetables as river
saline water swamp the fields.
5. All Pan borojs (Battle vines) were either collapsed or washed away.
6. The scarcity of food was enormous. All the stored food were washed off so
starvation is the only way other than external food supply.
7. Fodder was also not available for the survived cattles.
8. The pond’s and other water harvesting structures lost their utility as saline water
contaminated. Pond water turned saline causing great casualties of aquatic
animals, particularly the fresh water fishes. Rotten fishes also making the water
9. Village roads were having 3 – 6 inches deep clay.
10. School buildings were brick built, but the floor was not cemented. The saline
water turned the floor into paddy fields with clay.
11. Crocodile entered the villages with saline water as reported.
12. The fishermen lost their nets and boats.
The table below gives the details of casualties in the district.
No. of No. of house affected Life
Name of GP
village Fully Partly lost
Pathar Pratima 38 16964 12897 12
Mathurapur II 3l 2906 5730 0
Namkahana 15 4170 6350 2
Gosaba 50 25946 23456 40
Basanti 67 11558 14565 16
2.3. Project Location
The project was designed for the two worst hit blocks of South 24 Paraganas the
panchayats and villages selected in these two blocks are given in the table below
Block Panchayat Village
Namkahana Mausuni Baliara
Haripur Uttar Chandanpiri
Narayanpur Durga nagar
Pathar Pratima G Plot Uttar Sitarampur
3. Implementation strategy
• Beneficiary Identification and Registration.
• Identification, orientation and management of volunteers.
• Effective distribution of relief materials (shelters, Hygiene Kits etc.)
• Public Health Promotion activity and coordination of hygiene awareness
• Follow-up visits to ensure that beneficiaries are properly utilizing the materials.
• Coordination with local Govt., Panchayats or any other stakeholders.
• Coordination with local stakeholders and key persons.
• Identification and Registration of affected families.
• Identification and orientation of volunteers
• Distribution of NFI kits
• Follow-up visits to ensure that beneficiaries are properly utilizing the materials
• Public Health Promotion activities thorough PHP volunteers
• Dewatering and cleaning of ponds.
• Emergency latrine construction.
• Village cleaning
• Tube well repairing
Steps followed for the PHP
• Identification and orientation of 60 PHP Volunteers.
• Public Health Promotion activity for the affected family is going on the guidance
of PHP of Oxfam India.
• Inter-Personal Communication and house to house follow-up visits
• Establishment of ORS Booths and distribution
• Community Meetings
• Schools activities
• Awareness Campaigns
The project targeted around 8000 households in four Panchayats of Namkhana and
Pathar Pratima blocks. Among the total target families 5500 are from Namkhana block
and rest 2500 from Pathar Pratima Block. Beneficiaries were selected after a detailed
survey. Survey was carried out to asses and identifies the affected families. Only the
affected families are treated as direct beneficiaries. The whole program was mostly
designed for the primary beneficiaries. Though the program also carried out activities
which helped other not so affected families i.e. secondary beneficiaries. Village cleaning,
pond cleaning, Pond dewatering, tube well repairing, emergency latrine are such
activities from which secondary beneficiaries got benefited. The table below gives details
of the primary beneficiaries.
Name of GPs Total Household Total target household
1 Mausuni Namkhana 2947 1612
2 Haripur Namkhana 5095 3117
3 Narayanpur Namkhana 827 827
4 G-Plot Pathar Pratima 3058 2430
The table below gives the details of families benefited from each activity and also
estimated number of secondary beneficiaries is given. In case of emergency latrine and
pond cleaning the owner of the land was treated as the primary beneficiaries and in case
of tube well and village cleaning the rest of the families in the village who are not
selected for NFI kit distribution are treated as secondary beneficiaries.
Activity Number of primary Number of secondary Total
beneficiary families beneficiary families
Public Health Promotion 7986 4004 11990
NFI Kit Distribution 7986 0 7986
Pond dewatering and 165 3513 3678
Emergency latrine 40 462 502
Tube well repairing 3306 0 3306
Village cleaning 7986 4004 11990
Village representatives were selected in the beginning of the project. From each GP one
such representatives were selected and they were involved in all stages of planning.
Community meetings were organised and most of the critical decisions used to be taken
from these meetings only. The participants list used to be prepared in the community
The involvement of women in the planning and implementation was ensured trough
sensitisation of the community in the meetings. All the places of emergency latrine was
decided by the women members. Village cleaning is mostly done by the women. They
took the leadership in the village cleaning. IPC for the PHP activity is mostly done
through women. For this reason only INSS employed mostly women volunteers.
5. Project Progress:
This section of the report elaborates the details of the each activity – progress,
achievement, challenges faced, numbers, families benefited etc.
5.1. Pond Dewatering and Cleaning
Due to the devastating storm Aila, ponds were contaminated with saline water and it lost
the utility for household and farm use. So, it was needed to dewater so it can store the
fresh rainwater and resume usage. Diesel driven pump sets are used for drying and
simultaneously the cleaning operations carried out by the villagers. All the ponds were
covered with leaves, straws and wooden parts of the tree. Those materials are cleaned
According to the guidance of PHE team of Oxfam India community meetings were
organised to select some ponds in each village for dewatering and cleaning. By
resolution and MoU with the pond owners and Panchayet Pradhan it was decided that
the treated ponds (a specific number) would be used by nearby community members.
By this process total 165 ponds were dewatered and cleaned for restoration of
household water usage.
Name of Village Name of GP No. of ponds No. Village wise
dewatered Beneficiaries cost
Haripur Haripur 12 1105 18496.90
Uttar Chandan 18 1545 27585.60
Dakshin 15 1530 20247.50
Dakshin 0 0 0
Durga Nagar Narayanpur 15 2500 26703.00
Iswaripur 14 2125 23849.00
Baliara Mousuni 17 2235 36471.25
Kusumtala 9 1295 22238.75
Uttar G-Plot 20 1530 52259.00
Dakshin 7 460 20870.00
Indrapur 29 3455 65311.00
Gobordhanpur 3 175 5160.00
Buraburir tat 6 435 10285.00
Total 165 18390 329477
Initial plan was to dewater 80 ponds in the area of operation with the approved budget.
After completion of the initial plan, it was found that an amount is still unutilized from the
budget and more ponds can be dewatered for full utilization of the approved budget.
INSS discussed with Oxfam India and it was permitted to dewater more ponds. Finally,
the target changed into 150 ponds but then also INSS could utilize its dewatering budget
for dewatering of 165 ponds.
This activity was mainly aimed towards the women as they used to travel long distance
for fetching water for household use. The cleaning and dewatering of the ponds helped
them to save lot of hazards and time to fetch water. That is why also women took part in
the cleaning and dewatering process with the huge generosity. Nearly 70% female
member participated in dewatering and cleaning programme.
The whole planning and implementation was done with the involvement and participation
of the people. Families learned how to dewater and clean ponds during the work. They
are now confident to carry out the activity by their own. They also realized the needs of
dewatering for their own use and methodology of pond cleaning.
The challenges faced by the workforce to complete the activity are as under:
• Transportation of machines from one pond to another pond.
• There were more number of ponds highly salinated and hence villagers
demanding more ponds to be dewatered but project could not respond all the
5.2. Village Cleaning
After the calamity of Aila all the villages were got polluted due to prolonged inundation as
the most of the vegetative matter got decomposed. It used to smell and infectious and
carrier of many diseases. Many places were water logged so stagnated water gave birth
to many mosquitos. Cleaning of the locality was essential and villagers were also
All the 13 villages were cleaned to restore hygienic condition. Community participated to
clean their villages as a campaign. Female participation was 70%. They worked with
local tools, racks and pot made with bamboo. During the cleaning programme local
market, health centre, Schools, roads etc were also cleaned. The table below gives the
details of the activity.
Village Panchayat Days required Total Total mandays
to clean participants
Durga nagar Narayanpur 4 35 112
Iswaripur Narayanpur 4 25 100
Baliara Mousuni 3 63 129
Kusumtala Mousuni 3 31 71
Haripur Haripur 6 25 140
D. Chandanpiri Haripur 4 25 100
U. Chandanpiri Haripur 4 25 100
Dakshin Haripur 2 24 48
Gobordhanpur G-Plot 3 20 37
Buraburirtat G-Plot 5 25 65
D.Sitarampur G-Plot 6 50 140
U.Sitarampur G-Plot 9 58 202
Indrapur G-Plot 5 50 200.5
Total 58 456 1444.5
In the village meeting this is the issue that has been mostly raised by the women and
they took part in tis activity with high enthusiasm. Female members of the affected
villages felt the need of cleanliness of their village and they decided to participate the
village cleaning programme with the male participants. The percentage of female
participation was 70%. The table below gives the details of the workforce involved in the
Village Panchayat Total participants Male Female
Durga nagar Narayanpur 35 9 26
Iswaripur Narayanpur 25 3 22
Baliara Mousuni 63 6 57
Kusumtala Mousuni 31 6 25
Haripur Haripur 25 25 0
D. Chandanpiri Haripur 25 25 0
U. Chandanpiri Haripur 25 25 0
Dakshin Chandra nagar Haripur 24 24 0
Gobordhanpur G-Plot 20 12 8
Buraburir tat G-Plot 25 10 15
D.Sitarampur G-Plot 50 9 41
U.Sitarampur G-Plot 58 39 19
Indrapur G-Plot 50 34 16
As the whole activity and the planning was done by the villagers and instruments are
also arranged by them. They are now well equipped to carry out such program by their
own. Only guidance during the day of the cleaning was given by the project staffs.
Community people learnt the key message ‘Our village, we have duties to clean it.” They
learnt that if they cleaned their villages properly, there would be a little bit chance of
contamination of their surroundings and their health would be safe.
After a massive devastation with Aila there were more and more garbages in each
village to be cleaned. Oxfam- INSS tried to clean all the garbages from the roadside,
health centres, schools, local market etc to provide safe surroundings to live and it was
so challenging task. But there was more areas need to be cleaned to avoid spread of
5.3. Temporary Latrine Construction:
Due to catastrophic situation by Aila community people got displaced from their houses
and forced to stay on the highland places, i.e. roadside, riverbanks, high schools, flood
centres cum FP schools etc. They needed temporary latrines.
With an assessment three Gram Panchayats i.e. a) G-Plot, b) Mousuni and c)
Narayanpur were selected to establish temporary latrine construction. The target was 40
units i.e. 80 no. of latrines. Community meetings were organised and the places for
construction were identified. Community people actively participated to establish all
The table below gives the details of the installed latrine.
Name of Name of the No of units No of HH Total no User
the GP Village /latrines benefited women committee
constructed using at
Mousuni Baliara 12 83 276 Formed
Mousuni Kusumtala 18 137 651 Formed
Narayan Iswaripur 10 87 391 Formed
G-Plot U.Sitarampur 4 25 56 Formed
G-Plot D.Sitarampur 28 130 280 Formed
G-Plot Indrapur 8 40 94 Formed
Total 80 502 1748
It was planned that each unit would be formed with two latrines. One was for ladies and
the other for gents members of the community. After completion of each unit of latrine
user groups were formed with female members and decided that only ladies and
children would use all units.
Above decision indicates that how well the gender perspective has been incorporated to
implement this activity. After completion of each unit of latrines user committee was
formed with female members of the community and they and their children were only
Construction of latrines was a new process to the community people. At first, a
supervisor for latrine construction from each village was demonstrated on the process of
latrine construction by Oxfam PHE team. Oxfam PHE team was also present on the first
day of starting the latrine construction to guide the participants for constructing the units
of latrines with a proper manner. All the user committees were also given a lesson on
how they would use latrines and maintain hygiene.
With a proper guidance and demonstration all the participants of latrine construction
learned the methodology of temporary latrine construction and the female beneficiaries
and children learned the process of using it. Afterwards they will be able to construct
such kind latrine for maintaining health and hygiene.
There were two kinds of challenges in latrine construction. One was before latrine
construction and the other was after the construction.
Before the construction it was found that the community people showed less interest to
such a kind of latrine construction. Identification of location to construct the units of
latrine was so difficult in the community meetings. Most of the people did not agree to
give land for establishing such a kind of latrine. They had then a wrong idea about the
construction. After constructing one or two latrine in each identified villages, situation
changed and the demands of latrine construction rose so high among the community.
Second problem was - project had a limited provision of latrines and also the
transportation of the material was big challenge. Lot of time was spent to transport the
materials to the construction place. On the other hand more number of such latrines
5.4. Tube-well repairing:
For the severe devastation by Aila, most of the tube-wells of Sundarbans got
contaminated with saline water. Safe drinking water and using for other family purpose
i.e. bathing, washing and for livestock was a big problem of the area. Repairing of the
tube wells were the urgent need of the area and also of the community.
Tube wells were identified and mechanics from community people involved in tube well
repairing activities. Only the cases of minor repairing were handled with the project.
Initial survey and community identified the tube wells which can be restored by minor
The details of the tube wells repaired Gram Panchayet wise are as under
Name of Gram Panchayet No.of tube-wells No.of people benefited
Narayanpur 13 1350
Haripur 31 9304
Mousuni 17 3455
G-Plot 17 2425
Total 78 16534
This is the most demanding activity for the women as the drinking water collection is the
task of the women. So restoration of tubewells has benefited the women most.
One day training on tube-well repairing and maintenance was given to two participants
from each of 13 villages. They were recommended by local Panchayats and INSS for
the same. They were given tube well repairing tool kits to maintain tube wells of their
localities for future.
It was learned that a minor input could produce a big result. After repairing tube wells the
use of quality and quantity of drinking water increased. The tube well repairing training
and involvation in repairing activity gave the participants knowledge on repairing and
maintenance of tube well for future.
Transportation of materials for tube well repairing was very difficult.
5.5. NFI Kits Distribution:
Due to a severe cyclone Aila a big part of Sundarban was damaged. Lakhs of people
become shelter less, no food to live. The project made an assessment and decided to
support the victims. It was observed that other agencies both Govt. and humanitarian
agencies also engaged in the relief work. Most of the humanitarian agencies and Govt.
support the victims with food items. So, Oxfam-INSS decided to give Non Food Item
(NFI) to the cyclone affected people. It was also decided which items to be given
maintaining conditions of public health and hygiene. It was decided that the entire
distribution activities would be by two phases.
Before distribution a detailed plan was prepared discussing with Oxfam-India. According
to the plan distribution volunteers was selected and preposition activity was done on the
day before the distribution day. On the distribution day PHP volunteers also engaged to
share with each beneficiary about the using methods of each items. It was found that
each distribution activity was completed within two or three hours with a proper guidance
of Oxfam-India and heartiest cooperation of volunteers.
Details of the families that received NFI kits are given as under
Benefici Benefici NFI kits Kits for
Total ary ary distribu displaced/
Name of target Kits
Househ Covere Covere ted for poor
GPs Benefici Distribu
S old d( 1st d( 2nd School/ family(3rd
l. Phase) Phase) ICDS phase)
1 Mausuni 2947 1612 1612 1612 19 344
3 Haripur 5095 3117 3117 3117 23
7 pur 827 827 827 827 5
9 G-Plot 3058 2430 2430 2430 12 406
11900 7986 7986 7986 29 47 750
Each NFI kits for each family containing following items:
1st Pahse(12th June- 18th 2nd Phase ( 17th July to 3rd Phase
June’09) 22nd July’09)
Bucket with lid- 2 Impregnated Mosquito Net- Bathing soap- 4 pcs
Mug -2 2 Aqua Tab- 120 pcs
Tarpaulin – 1 Sanitary napkins- 1bag Sanitary cloth- 1 bag
Ground Sheet- 1 Aqua tab – 180 pcs
Aqua Tab – 60 pcs Bathing soap-4 pcs
Ropes – 1 pcs ( 20 mtre)
Bathing Soap- 2
Washing soap -2
It was planned that Oxfam-INSS would provide NFI kits to the targeted beneficiaries
surveyed by INSS. During distribution some kits were also given to schools and ICDS on
request and Oxfam India-INSS felt the need of distribution some kits containing bag,
gum-boot, and umbrella to Anganwari workers of Namkhana Block and some kits
containing Bucket, mug, soap to FP Schools and ICDS. It was decided for the cause of
maintaining hygiene of school students.
After completion of 2nd phase distribution, a 3rd phase distribution was added due to
information regarding some unutilized fund on the same purpose from Oxfam India. It
was planned that the target beneficiary would be only 750 families from displaced and
Female distribution volunteers also participated in the activity. It was found that female
members of each family were maintaining their health and hygiene using NFI kits with a
proper way and thus, they were helping to prevent Diarrhoea and malaria.
One day training was given to distribution volunteers for maintaining distribution activity
with proper manner.
The entire distribution programme was a lesson to all participants. Oxfam India showed
how to prepare for distribution, how to manage the entire programme and how to control
over the crowd. All volunteers built up their capacity and able to provide services for
The entire distribution programme was a great challenge to Oxfam-INSS. All the villages
were in the remotest corner of Sundarban. So, transportation of distribution items was so
difficult. All volunteers were new and they always needed guidance from Oxfam-INSS.
Controlling over the crowd of beneficiary during the distribution was also so challenging.
5.6. PHP activity:
After the devastating storm Aila, many diseases started to hamper the lives of the
affected people, Diarrhoea broke down in most of the Aila affected areas, to prevent
human being from these adverse effects, the Public Health Promotion (PHP) activity’s
initiative was taken. PHP activity is definitely a very essential part of the program, PHP
volunteers’ identification and their training programs were done to serve the purpose.
There are total 60 volunteers in this activity. The table below gives the details of the sub
Sub activity Number Families benefited/participated
HH Visit 7986 7986
Village Campaigning 27 3728
ORS Booth 88 Nearly 8000 families
Banner 390 Nearly 70000 families
Community Meeting 1603 19236 participants
User Committee for 40 280
The PHP volunteers started door to door visits, to sensitize people about sanitation, the
use of Non Food Items (NFI) materials provided to them, which are mainly meant for
Campaigns were organized with children and women to promote knowledge about
sanitation. Many games related to sanitations were played with all the children and
women. Speech of respectable persons was invited, street plays, puppet show,
recitation and drawing events were organised.
ORS booths were installed in the affected areas. Families affected by any digestive track
problem used to visit those booths and ORS and proper guidance of the usage of the
ORS used to be provided from these booths. This activity could stop the outbreak of
Demonstrations of different sanitation and hygienic issues were given to the villagers by
the PHP volunteers during the household visit. The usage of NFI items was also
discussed. This helped people to understand how to be protected from all the diseases.
Then again the school children were advised about some more sanitary uses, like how
to wash their hands, cut their nails etc. The children learned all these from the different
games related to sanitation. School teachers also took part in these programs. FGD or
Focus Group Discussion and daily Group Discussion were organised, to promote and
exercise the knowledge. Hoardings and banners were displayed in different high footfall
areas of the villages.
The user committees for each emergency latrine was formed and sensitised. They also
received trainings about the proper maintenance of the latrines.
Women volunteers were more acceptable by the society as there was need of door to
door visits and they had to go for the same. In the whole PHP activity, PHP volunteers
were mainly female.
Trainings were given to the PHP volunteers about sanitation and use of the distributed
kits and ORS. Then the PHP volunteers demonstrated all those matters to villagers in
time of NFI kits distribution, in ORS booths, in door to door visits and whenever the
village people needed that.
There were lots of thing leaned from the PHP program, about the entire issue of
sanitation, hand washing, use of aqua tabs, use of sanitary napkins by women, use of
latrines and it’s maintenance etc. The village people came to know about these issues of
sanitation and happily carrying those as the lessons are preventing them from diseases.
Challenges which were really faced is about the use of aqua tabs, people disliked the
taste of water after using aqua tabs, it was really hard to make them understand about
the utility of aqua tabs, but finally the PHP volunteers were able to make them
understand, and now most of the villagers are practiced to aqua tabs and use it regularly
w ith the proper process. Thus the program is coming back with flying colors as the main
motto of the PHP activity; to protect people from diseases is fulfilled now.
6. Program Support
6.1. Monitoring and evaluation
Mainly the project used to be monitored by joint effort of INSS and OXFAM. Team
members of both the institutions involved in the daily visit in the villages after the
distribution. Random checking and household visits used to take place every day. Usage
of the distributed materials also checked during the individual household visits.
Weekly report needs to be prepared in both PHP and PHE activities. The number of
families suffering from any diseases used to be checked and reported in this repports.
Other than this regular systems OXFAM has designed a post distribution monitoring
exercise where 10% randomly selected families were questioned through a well
Oxfam also carried out a evaluation study of the whole activity.
Central warehouse was created in Dayarampur and also managed by Oxfam. From
there materials used to transported in three village warehouse in Namkahana, G-plot
and Ramganga. From the village warehouse materials get transported to the distribution
centers before the day of distribution. If any materials undistributed again those are
taken back in the village warehouse. Five warehouse assistants used to handle the
village ware house.
On the day of distribution volunteers, FO of INSS and OXFAM team used to work
simultaneously. PHP volunteers used to take sessions with all the recipients about the
need and usage of the materials distributed.
Ware house assistants were also responsible for the materials of PHE work.
Other than Durganagar village rest 12 villages needs to be reached by river transport.
Boats are hired to transport the material. Project also got support from the local
government as they subsidized fair of one side of the river vessel for relief material
Major problems faced in the logistics are as under
• As mentioned most of the villages are river bounded transportation was very
problematic and used to have three to four break journeys.
• Material loss was an issue due to hectic transport.
• Many times time factor was a big problem for the transportation. Materials
reached villages/islands after the sunset and transportation then onwards was a
6.3. Human resource
Two sets of human resourse was involved in the implementation of the project. Program
staffs were paid on monthly basis whereas the volunteers are paid on daily basis. There
are two sets of volunteers which are PHP volunteers and distribution volunteers. The
detail of the human resource used in the project is given in the tables below.
Sl. No. Designation No. of Persons Male Female
01 Coordinator 1 1
02 Asst. Coordinator 1 1
03 Field Officer 4 3 1
04 W.H. Assistant 5 5
05 Accountant 1 1
Total 12 11 1
Sl. No. Designation No.of Persons Male Female
01 PHP volunteers 60 11 49
02 Distribution Volunteers 109 96 13
Total 169 107 62
7. Outcome and impact
The direct outcome observed after and during the project are given as under
• Through PHP activity the disease outbreak could be stopped.
• Village cleaning program helped to reduce the number of mosquitoes.
• Mosquito net also helped to stop the spread of Malaria.
• Dewatering of ponds helped the ponds to restore and people resumed use pond
water for bathing and other purpose.
• Tubewell repairing is proved as one of the major instrumental activity. As it
provided most crucial safe drinking water and also reduced the hazards of
women from long distance water fetching.
• Emergency latrine helped the displaced families to dispose safely. Women
member of the disposed families could use the latrine and maintain their dignity
of life. It also stopped spread of germs due to safe disposal.
• Door to door visit and other way of campaigning helped the affected families to
increase awareness on basic health and hygiene issues of life. It has also a
indirect bearing on the spread of diseases.
8. Beneficiary feedback
Name of the beneficiary: Mrs. Pratima Dhali, w/o Mr. Prasanta Dhali,
Village-Uttarchandanpiri GP-Haripur Block- Naamkhana
On 25th of May when the devastating storm Aila was shattering all the houses, cattle
and everything the beneficiary Mrs. Pratima Dhali started to have her labor pain, she
was taken to the nearby temple as the storm demolished her home within a little time. In
the temple she gave birth to a girl child, then she was taken to flood relief centre. Then
the distribution program of Cyclone Aila response program, 2009 by OXFAM-INSS
started. The beneficiary’s family got the distribution card and they got the NFI items.
With the help of the items they made their house worth living, with the other items they
were able to live a life with sanitation and the problem of drinking water was at an end
and thus the diseases were under control. Even after that they came in contact with the
PHP volunteers and queried everything about the sanitation about her family. They got
back their habilitation and are very happy in their family life and kept the name
“Rachana” to her daughter, which means to construct something, which is very relevant
with their situation as they are reconstructing their lives with what only they were given in
time of OXFAM-INSS distribution.
Name of the beneficiary: Momedon Biwi, W/o Mahin Khan,
Village: Kusumtala village, GP- Mousuni Block- Namkhana
The family of the beneficiary was migrated from other area, so they had to go for latrines
in the embankments of river, which was very unhygienic and of course a matter of
shyness to specially the women. After the devastating storm Aila came, it became more
problematic to them to even response on the nature’s call. The Cyclone Aila response
program, 2009 came as a solution to their problem. Latrine was constructed for them,
user’s group was made for maintaining the latrines, and the user group was mainly
made with women. This way the family members of the beneficiary, community people
and especially the women were helped. As a result hygiene and sanitation matters were
promoted in their lives.
Name of the beneficiary: Mr. Subal Betal
Village Uttar Sitarampur GP=G PLOT
Mr. Subal Betal was a displaced house holder, who had a beautiful muddy habilitation.
But the giant cyclone Aila shattered the life of his eleven family members. After Aila as a
migrant family they had to live near Launch Ghat, then at INSS flood relief camp. When
the beneficiary got the distributed materials by OXFAM, with those things he made a
shelter inside the health quarter. Mr. Betal also informed they are using aqua tabs
regularly and maintaining the safe water chain. And he also told that the instructions of
the PHP volunteers are helping them to stay aloof from all the diseases. According to his
view I.E.C. materials which were distributed and other PHP door to door visit program
helped him and his family to live a life after he lost everything in the devastating storm
Aila. And he thanked both OXFAM and INSS for that.
Name of the beneficiary: Mr. Sripati Guchait
Residing at- Indrapur, GP- G plot,
Mr. Guchait was happy in his life before the devastating storm Aila, but the storm has
snatched his home, property and the only pond he had near Indrapur Jeevan Krishna
SSK had been fulfilled with saline water, the trees which were beside the pond fell down
in the pond, bank of the pond was broken. The houses around the pond the students of
J.K.S.S.K. faced real problem for that. And pollution caused for all these things. But the
cyclone Aila Response program came as a blessing to him, after dewatering and
cleaning of his own pond he again got the chance to use his pond. So they are very
thankful to INSS and OXFAM.
9. Photo Album
Devastation by Cyclone Aila at G-Plot GP Devastation by Cyclone Aila at Narayanpur
Oxfam Team visiting a devastating area of Sundarbans
PHP activity continuing with children
PHP activity continuing with village
Public health Promotion Volunteers with Sharing Meeting with Aila Response team of
campaigning, Mousuni GP atnagar village
,Narayanpur GPdisplacedat Baliara village
at Durga G-Plot
beneficiaries at G-Plot PHP team of Oxfam Kits Distribution family at G-Plot
MeetingNFI with a INSS Volunteers
Meeting with BDO, Namkhana Block
Distribution of NFI Kits at G-Plot
PHP activity continuing with Focus Group PHP activity continuing with students by a
Discussion with female members of PHP Volunteer at Durga nagar village
PHP activity continuing with a rally by
Narayanpur GP. Dr. Mamata present there.
Bholanath Patra, FO- Mousuni GP at Baliara
Pond dewatering is continuing at G-Plot Gram
Pond dewatering and cleaning is continuing at
Narayanpur Gram Panchayet area.
Construction of Temporary Latrine at G-Plot Construction of Temporary Latrine at
GP of Pathar Pratima Block Namkhana Block . 22
Village cleaning is continuing at G-Plot Gram
Gram Panchayet of Pratima Block
Panchayet of PatharNamkhana Block
Village cleaning is continuing at Durga nagar
Repaired tube well at Narayanpur GP of Repaired tube well at Mousuni GP of
Namkhana Block Namkhana Block
Repaired tube well is checkingby a PHE team member of
Water testing by a PHE
Team member of Oxfam at Narayanpur GPNamkhana Block
Oxfam at Haripur GP of of
Namkhana Block. Dr. Mamata present there.
Construction of Temporary Latrine at Iswaripur
village of Narayanpur GP of Namkhana Block
A Group Picture of Aila Response Team of Evaluation team from RedR India met with
INSS with RedR India Ream and Oxfam at Medical Officer at G- Plot
Namkhana INSS office
Seppi Sebastian from Oxfam India visited the Cyclone Aila Response Area of Namkhana
A Group Picture of Cyclone Aila Response A Group Picture of Cyclone Aila Response
team during the Learning Session at Bakkhali team in front of INSS office of Namkhana
of Namkhana Block Block
10. Financial report: (attached separately detailed in excel sheet)