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Subjonctif (1(

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Subjonctif use in French

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Subjonctif (1(

  1. 1. Le Subjonctif: Forme et Emploi FRE251
  2. 2. Subjonctif  Le subjonctif existe au Présent et au Passé Composé  Il existe aussi un imparfait du subjonctif utilisé en littérature.  Exemples:  Je souhaite que vous arriviez de bonne heure. I wouldlikeyou to arrive early.  Nous regrettons qu’il soit parti si tôt. We are sorrythatheleftsoearly  Il fallait que j’allasse en ville. It wasnecessarythat I go downtown.
  3. 3. Le SubjonctifPrésent Singulier Pluriel  Que Je … E  Que nous … IONS  Quetu … ES  Quevous … IEZ  Qu’il … E  Qu’elles … ENT  1er groupe (ER) = radical + terminaisons  Exception: ALLER = AILL (je, tu, il, ils)  Exception ALLER = ALL (nous et vous)
  4. 4. Le RADICAL  A. ETRE et AVOIR Que je sois/ Quej’aie Que nous soyons/ayons Quetusois/ Quetuaies Quevoussoyez/ayez Qu’ilsoit/ Qu’ilait Qu’ellessoient/aient
  5. 5. VerbesIrreguliers  Boire = boiv (que je boive)  Devoir = Doiv (quetudoives)  Faire = Fass (qu’ellefasse)  Fuir = Fui (que nous fuyions)  Pouvoir = Puiss (quevouspuissiez)  Prendre = Pren (qu’ellesprennent)  Savoir = Sach (que je sache)  Venir = Vien (qu’ilvienne)
  6. 6. Le Subjonctif Passé  Se formeàl’aide de l’auxilliaireêtreouavoir et du participe passé du verbe.  Il a regrettéque je soisparti. He was sorry that I had left  Je souhaitequ’ilaiteuassezd’argent. I hope that he had enough money.  Construction avec le subjonctif  Le subjonctifestgénéralementtoujoursprécédé de QUE oud’uneautreconjonction  Qu’ilvienne! Let him come!  Pourvuqu’elleait son train! I do hope she’ll catch her train!
  7. 7. Exercises: Donnez le subjonctif  1. savoir: quevous …  6. finir: qu’elle …  2. attendre: que nous …  7. Avoir: qu’il …  3. Craindre: quevous …  8. Croire: que je …  4. Partir: qu’elle …  9. Aller: quevous …  5. Pouvoir: qu’ils …  10. Devoir: quetu …
  8. 8. Emploidans la subordonnée conj  J’exigequ’elle parte. I demand that she leave.  Nous acceptionsce travail, bienqu’ilsoitdifficile. We accept this work, even thought it is difficult.  Verbes avec unevaleur affective (sentiment et émotion), verbesmarquantune obligation; verbes qui mettent en cause la réalité (douter)
  9. 9. Liste des verbes  - de crainte: Nous craignonsqu’ilparle  - de souhait: Je souhaitequ’ilpleuve  - de volonté et de désir: Il veutquetu le reconduises. (exige, demande, ordonne, désire, veutbien, tientàceque)  - de nécessité: Il faut (ilestnécessaire, ilest indispensable) quetusois au rendez-vous
  10. 10. Liste (2)  - de doute: Je doutequ’ilvienne  - de dénégation et de refus: Nous nionsqu’ilait vu  - de sentiment et d’émotion: aimer, aimer mieuxque, regretter, préférer, êtretriste, content, heureuxque …  Il refuse (ils’opposeàce) que nous allions au cinéma.  - de sentiment et d’émotion  Je suisheureuxquevoussoyezvenu.
  11. 11. Emploiaprés Il est + adjectif + que  Pour marqueruneappréciationou un jugement.  Il est regrettable qu’ilaitperdu son emploi  Il est rare que nous allions au cinéma en semaine  Lorsquel’adjectifmarque la certitude, on utilisel’indicatif.  Il est certain que nous partironsdemain
  12. 12. ATTENTION  On ne peut pas dire:  “Il estmieuxque nous partions”  On dit: “ilvautmieuxque nous partions  Les verbesCroire, espérer et penserà, àl’affirmatifveulentl’indicatif. À la forme interrogative et négative, cesverbessontsuivis du subjonctif  Je croisqu’ilfautpartir  Crois-tuqu’il faille partir?  L’anglaisutiliseparfoisl’infinitiflàoù le françaisdoitutiliser la conjonctionque et le subjonctif.
  13. 13. Complétez  1. Nous sommesheureuxquevous (pouvoir) … venir  puissiez  2. Il fautquetu (faire) … tes devoirs.  fasses  3. Je doutequ’ils (arriver) … àl’heure.  arrivent
  14. 14. Complétez (2)  4. J’aimemieuxquetu (savoir) … tout de suite la vérité.  saches  5. Nous espéronsqu’elles (venir) … avec nous au théâtre.  viennent

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