Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Climate-smart agriculture : feeding the world or greenwashing ?


Published on

Conference given during the Opening Plenary of the G20Y Summit, St-Moritz, Switerland, 22-24 Sep 2016

Published in: Environment
  • Login to see the comments

Climate-smart agriculture : feeding the world or greenwashing ?

  1. 1. Climate-Smart Agriculture: Feeding the World or Greenwashing? Alain Vidal Director of Strategic Partnerships, CGIAR System Organization G-20Y Summit 2016, St Moritz, Switzerland
  2. 2. Actors and thinkers of globalization Who invented the concept of… Globalization : who acts, who thinks ? How can we, leaders of G20 industries and leaders in science, design a sustainable pathway leading to a healthy planet, humanity and economy ? Food security : can Climate-Smart Agriculture become a way to combat climate change while ensuring the prosperity of farmers and the agribusiness ?
  3. 3. Our food system: driver and victim of climate change
  4. 4. Tomorrow: 50% of emissions to feed ourselves ? “Business as usual” (BAU) agriculture emissions would comprise ~50% of allowable emissions to achieve a 2°C world Gt CO2e per year 9 11 40 74 2010 2050 (Business as usual) 2050 (2°C target) Non-agricultural emissions Agricultural and agriculture-driven land-use change emissions ~50% 49 85 22
  5. 5. Climate variability will impact on food production Source: Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) Crop yields drop by 2050 under BAU  5% per °C  Maize 16%  Rice 21%  Wheat 42%  Coffee 50%
  6. 6. What is Climate-Smart Agriculture ?
  7. 7. Climate-smart agriculture : Not a chocolate box !
  8. 8. Climate-smart agriculture : Feed the world & enhance ecosystems Dietary habits Consumption patterns ‘Zero carbon’ Agriculture Climate-smart Agriculture
  9. 9. From greenwashing to science-based solutions
  10. 10. Wicked problems can’t be washed away Climate change and food security impose wicked problems, that hit industries in all their supply chains “Good communication” (eg imposing a tax on palm oil) diverts from the real issues Time wasted whereas the Earth will reach +1.5°C in 7 years from now !
  11. 11. Public-private science dialogue Palm oil vs. deforestation (TFT)  50% of palm oil from smallholders  Cut more trees but produce at only 20% of potential  Engaging with smallholders and policy makers > certification Reconsidering supply chains and supplying landscapes helps reconnect with national and local governments, and re-establish dialogue Get people to sit together around a map !
  12. 12. Climate-smart agriculture: rediscovering insurance Horn of Africa – insuring the never-before-insured against catastrophic drought  IBLI (index-based livestock insurance) contract holders receive payouts when forage conditions deteriorate  14,000 pastoralists in  200,000 US$ paid out  33% reduction in food aid
  13. 13. A few messages
  14. 14. Science for sustainable supply chains Candid and transparent approaches help reconsidering the real issues Science can help re-create value in supply chains Feeding people, companies, and the economy, rather than greenwashing
  15. 15. Thank you