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Climate-smart agriculture : feeding the world or greenwashing ?

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Conference given during the Opening Plenary of the G20Y Summit, St-Moritz, Switerland, 22-24 Sep 2016

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Climate-smart agriculture : feeding the world or greenwashing ?

  1. 1. Climate-Smart Agriculture: Feeding the World or Greenwashing? Alain Vidal Director of Strategic Partnerships, CGIAR System Organization G-20Y Summit 2016, St Moritz, Switzerland
  2. 2. www.cgiar.org Actors and thinkers of globalization Who invented the concept of… Globalization : who acts, who thinks ? How can we, leaders of G20 industries and leaders in science, design a sustainable pathway leading to a healthy planet, humanity and economy ? Food security : can Climate-Smart Agriculture become a way to combat climate change while ensuring the prosperity of farmers and the agribusiness ?
  3. 3. Our food system: driver and victim of climate change
  4. 4. Tomorrow: 50% of emissions to feed ourselves ? “Business as usual” (BAU) agriculture emissions would comprise ~50% of allowable emissions to achieve a 2°C world Gt CO2e per year 9 11 40 74 2010 2050 (Business as usual) 2050 (2°C target) Non-agricultural emissions Agricultural and agriculture-driven land-use change emissions ~50% 49 85 22
  5. 5. www.cgiar.org Climate variability will impact on food production Source: Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC) Crop yields drop by 2050 under BAU  5% per °C  Maize 16%  Rice 21%  Wheat 42%  Coffee 50%
  6. 6. What is Climate-Smart Agriculture ?
  7. 7. www.cgiar.org Climate-smart agriculture : Not a chocolate box !
  8. 8. www.cgiar.org Climate-smart agriculture : Feed the world & enhance ecosystems Dietary habits Consumption patterns ‘Zero carbon’ Agriculture Climate-smart Agriculture http://ccafs.cgiar.org/commission
  9. 9. From greenwashing to science-based solutions
  10. 10. www.cgiar.org Wicked problems can’t be washed away Climate change and food security impose wicked problems, that hit industries in all their supply chains “Good communication” (eg imposing a tax on palm oil) diverts from the real issues Time wasted whereas the Earth will reach +1.5°C in 7 years from now !
  11. 11. www.cgiar.org Public-private science dialogue Palm oil vs. deforestation (TFT)  50% of palm oil from smallholders  Cut more trees but produce at only 20% of potential  Engaging with smallholders and policy makers > certification Reconsidering supply chains and supplying landscapes helps reconnect with national and local governments, and re-establish dialogue Get people to sit together around a map !
  12. 12. www.cgiar.org Climate-smart agriculture: rediscovering insurance Horn of Africa – insuring the never-before-insured against catastrophic drought  IBLI (index-based livestock insurance) contract holders receive payouts when forage conditions deteriorate  14,000 pastoralists in  200,000 US$ paid out  33% reduction in food aid
  13. 13. A few messages
  14. 14. www.cgiar.org Science for sustainable supply chains Candid and transparent approaches help reconsidering the real issues Science can help re-create value in supply chains Feeding people, companies, and the economy, rather than greenwashing
  15. 15. Thank you a.vidal@cgiar.org www.cgiar.org www.slideshare.net/alainjbvidal

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