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CITIES FOR PEOPLE     JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT.  FOUNDING PARTNER: GEHL ARCHITECTSURBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS, COPENHAGEN
CHANGE OF PARADIGM 11960
CHANGE OF PARADIGM 2  From 1955….  Car invasionPerth, West Australia   Elsinore, Denmark
Jane Jacobs     *  1961
Lower Manhattan Expressway
Celebrating the Gateway in Washington Square Park!
”THE BRASILIA SYNDROME”! (City Planning from 5.000 meter above                     5 000the ground )THE PLANNERS :PLANNING...
Brasilia (1955- )
Brasilia -The people scale is completely neglected
Downtown, Dubai
THE ARCHITECTS : MORE AND MORE FOCUSSED ON FORM
Downtown, Dubai
Brooklyn, New York – Residences: Frank Gehry
THE TRAFFIC PLANNERS: MAKING ROOM FOR THE TRAFFIC  THE TRAFFIC PLANNERS: MAKING THE CARS HAPPY
All Cities have TrafficDepartments and perfectstatistics concerning trafficand parking*TheTh cars are very visible and    ...
Landscape Architects: Looking after the landscape?
Who, by the way, look after the People Landscape The Human Dimension – The City at eye level ?
Do you know of any City department forpedestrians and public life?Hardly any City has statistics and dataconcerning the pe...
”Welcome to the New London” (Norman Foster)
Enjoy yourself in EuroLille (Rem Koolhaas)
Welcome to the Riverside and please enjoy!!!
Old Housing area (1905)Cope age , eCopenhagen, DenmarkaUninterestingCity Plan Scale
But a really niceand inviting  d i itiPeople Scale
The most important scale of all is         People ScaleThe City at eye level and at 5 km/h       y     y
2010AfterAft 50 years:Another changeof ParadigmWANTED:- Lively City- Attractive City- Safe City- Sustainable City- Healthy...
“CITIES FOR PEOPLE” (sept 2010)                    ( p       )    The neglected dimension
Lively City
Attractive CityPeople Scale, Less Stress, Less Noise, Less Pollution + a City   p                                         ...
Safe citySafe city
Sustainable CityA good Public Realm is a crucial factorfor good Public Transportation
Healthy City“Houston - th City with th“H     t    the Cit   ith thefattest people of the World”
INVITATIONS     TO  THE CITY
More Roads = More Traffic
Taking down Freeways, San Francisco, USA     g            y,               ,
Seoul, Koreabefore         after
London – Congestion Charge 2003                  Congestion charge area - 24 square kilometers
Bicycling in CopenhagenOn a citywide network of bicycle lanes
An efficient, citywidetransportation system
Bicycles are takenstraight through the     g        gstreet crossings and thelanes are marked withblue.blue               ...
Trains & Metrowelcomingbicycles
Everybody bikes
Cello and bass players         cycle
All Age Groups bicycle: from 5-85+                                     Age                                     A 92       ...
The Danish Crown Prince is doing it too                              Two guys on the                              road tow...
Bicycling has doubled in 10 years
Going to work in the City of Copenhagen 37% use bicycle 27% drive car 33% use public transit  5% walk
70% continue to bike in the winter
Major complaint : Congestion…On the bicycle lanes!
CopenhagenFrom traffic place to people place             p        p p p
Strøget (main street) pedestrianized 1962pedestrianized 1962
Jane Jacobs   Strøget1961             p     g              Copenhagen              pedestrian st.              1962
In 1962 all 18 squares were parking lots     ‐ now they are all people squares           h        ll     l
Public Space-Public Life Surveys: Copenhagen 1968, 1985, 1995 (+2005)
The development of pedestrian areas in the cityfrom 1962…7 times more People Space!
Many more People are walking in the city
4 times more people spend time in the city
In lI only 40 years th good season h b                the    d       has beenextended from 2 to 10 months
Copenhagen Street: 2                            Sidewalks, 2 proper bicycle                            lanes,             ...
Sidewalks and bicycle lanes are taken across sidestreets,making the city more comfortable and people friendly!
Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009:    “THE WORLD’S FINEST CITY FOR PEOPLE”    Consultants: GEHL ArchitectAmong the g...
Melbourne, - 3 mil. Inh.
The Age   c.1980
Places for People   1994   Places for People                 p   2004www.gehlarchitects.dk
MELBOURNE City Center 1994-2004Pedestrian t ffiP d t i traffic weekdays daytime: +40%                       kd    d ti  40...
Retail      ResidentialOffice Vacancies    Employment  Bars and Pubs
Copenhagen   Melbourne Oct. 07             M lb      O t
A CITY GOOD AT PARTIES, OLYMPICS and SUMMITS…
… BUT NOT SO GLORIOUS FOR THE EVERYDAY LIFE
Main Street in Sydney to be transformed   to pedestrians, bicycles and light rail      pedestriansPresent situation   Geor...
9th Ave. Apr.089th A    Ave. Sep.08         S 08
2005
2009
Broadway Boulevard      23 May 2009            y“When you can make itthere you can make it      yanywhere,New York, New Yo...
WELCOME TO THE 21st CENTURY
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
Jan Gehl - Cities for people
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Jan Gehl - Cities for people

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Jan Gehl - Cities for people

  1. CITIES FOR PEOPLE JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT. FOUNDING PARTNER: GEHL ARCHITECTSURBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS, COPENHAGEN
  2. CHANGE OF PARADIGM 11960
  3. CHANGE OF PARADIGM 2 From 1955…. Car invasionPerth, West Australia Elsinore, Denmark
  4. Jane Jacobs * 1961
  5. Lower Manhattan Expressway
  6. Celebrating the Gateway in Washington Square Park!
  7. ”THE BRASILIA SYNDROME”! (City Planning from 5.000 meter above 5 000the ground )THE PLANNERS :PLANNING FROM ABOVE AND FROM A DISTANCE
  8. Brasilia (1955- )
  9. Brasilia -The people scale is completely neglected
  10. Downtown, Dubai
  11. THE ARCHITECTS : MORE AND MORE FOCUSSED ON FORM
  12. Downtown, Dubai
  13. Brooklyn, New York – Residences: Frank Gehry
  14. THE TRAFFIC PLANNERS: MAKING ROOM FOR THE TRAFFIC THE TRAFFIC PLANNERS: MAKING THE CARS HAPPY
  15. All Cities have TrafficDepartments and perfectstatistics concerning trafficand parking*TheTh cars are very visible and i ibl deverpresent in the planning p p gprocess
  16. Landscape Architects: Looking after the landscape?
  17. Who, by the way, look after the People Landscape The Human Dimension – The City at eye level ?
  18. Do you know of any City department forpedestrians and public life?Hardly any City has statistics and dataconcerning the people who use the cityThe people in the City tend to be veryinvisible and poorly represented in thepaplanning process g p ocess
  19. ”Welcome to the New London” (Norman Foster)
  20. Enjoy yourself in EuroLille (Rem Koolhaas)
  21. Welcome to the Riverside and please enjoy!!!
  22. Old Housing area (1905)Cope age , eCopenhagen, DenmarkaUninterestingCity Plan Scale
  23. But a really niceand inviting d i itiPeople Scale
  24. The most important scale of all is People ScaleThe City at eye level and at 5 km/h y y
  25. 2010AfterAft 50 years:Another changeof ParadigmWANTED:- Lively City- Attractive City- Safe City- Sustainable City- Healthy City
  26. “CITIES FOR PEOPLE” (sept 2010) ( p ) The neglected dimension
  27. Lively City
  28. Attractive CityPeople Scale, Less Stress, Less Noise, Less Pollution + a City p ydominated by Attraction No. 1: PEOPLE
  29. Safe citySafe city
  30. Sustainable CityA good Public Realm is a crucial factorfor good Public Transportation
  31. Healthy City“Houston - th City with th“H t the Cit ith thefattest people of the World”
  32. INVITATIONS TO THE CITY
  33. More Roads = More Traffic
  34. Taking down Freeways, San Francisco, USA g y, ,
  35. Seoul, Koreabefore after
  36. London – Congestion Charge 2003 Congestion charge area - 24 square kilometers
  37. Bicycling in CopenhagenOn a citywide network of bicycle lanes
  38. An efficient, citywidetransportation system
  39. Bicycles are takenstraight through the g gstreet crossings and thelanes are marked withblue.blue Bicycle signals turn green six seconds before the car signals.
  40. Trains & Metrowelcomingbicycles
  41. Everybody bikes
  42. Cello and bass players cycle
  43. All Age Groups bicycle: from 5-85+ Age A 92 Mother in law: age 85
  44. The Danish Crown Prince is doing it too Two guys on the road towards the throne Princes Frederik and Christian on their way to the day care 50% Australian kid ! Even Australians can learn to bicycle if they start early!
  45. Bicycling has doubled in 10 years
  46. Going to work in the City of Copenhagen 37% use bicycle 27% drive car 33% use public transit 5% walk
  47. 70% continue to bike in the winter
  48. Major complaint : Congestion…On the bicycle lanes!
  49. CopenhagenFrom traffic place to people place p p p p
  50. Strøget (main street) pedestrianized 1962pedestrianized 1962
  51. Jane Jacobs Strøget1961 p g Copenhagen pedestrian st. 1962
  52. In 1962 all 18 squares were parking lots  ‐ now they are all people squares h ll l
  53. Public Space-Public Life Surveys: Copenhagen 1968, 1985, 1995 (+2005)
  54. The development of pedestrian areas in the cityfrom 1962…7 times more People Space!
  55. Many more People are walking in the city
  56. 4 times more people spend time in the city
  57. In lI only 40 years th good season h b the d has beenextended from 2 to 10 months
  58. Copenhagen Street: 2 Sidewalks, 2 proper bicycle lanes, lanes street trees 2 lanes trees, for 2 way traffic, and a substan- substan- tial median to facilitate f ilit t crossing the i th street“We do not ha e to think haveand act as 1960s trafficengineers for ever. Times ever. Timesare changing and trafficengineers are by now muchsmartersmarter”
  59. Sidewalks and bicycle lanes are taken across sidestreets,making the city more comfortable and people friendly!
  60. Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009: “THE WORLD’S FINEST CITY FOR PEOPLE” Consultants: GEHL ArchitectAmong the goals: “Everyone to walk 20% more by 2015!!!”
  61. Melbourne, - 3 mil. Inh.
  62. The Age c.1980
  63. Places for People 1994 Places for People p 2004www.gehlarchitects.dk
  64. MELBOURNE City Center 1994-2004Pedestrian t ffiP d t i traffic weekdays daytime: +40% kd d ti 40%Pedestrian traffic evening: +100 %Stationary activities: +200-300%
  65. Retail ResidentialOffice Vacancies Employment Bars and Pubs
  66. Copenhagen Melbourne Oct. 07 M lb O t
  67. A CITY GOOD AT PARTIES, OLYMPICS and SUMMITS…
  68. … BUT NOT SO GLORIOUS FOR THE EVERYDAY LIFE
  69. Main Street in Sydney to be transformed to pedestrians, bicycles and light rail pedestriansPresent situation George St. after conversion
  70. 9th Ave. Apr.089th A Ave. Sep.08 S 08
  71. 2005
  72. 2009
  73. Broadway Boulevard 23 May 2009 y“When you can make itthere you can make it yanywhere,New York, New York !!”
  74. WELCOME TO THE 21st CENTURY

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