Web 2.0 Tools and their Educationsl Applications


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Web 2.0 Tools and their Educationsl Applications

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  • Web 2.0 Tools and their Educationsl Applications

    1. 1. Web 2.0 Tools and their Educational Applications Dr. Alaa Sadik Department of Instructional & Learning Technologies College of Education, Sultan Qaboos University www.alaasadik.net [email_address]
    2. 2. What is Web 2.0? <ul><li>Web 2.0 refers to: </li></ul><ul><li>a perceived second generation of web-based communities and services which aim to facilitate collaboration and sharing between users. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is Web 2.0? <ul><li>Web 2.0 refers to </li></ul><ul><li>the transition of web sites from isolated information silos to interlinked computing platforms that act like software to the user. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul>
    4. 4. Email Knowledge of HTML Static Web sites Web-authoring Software Proprietary Knowledge Expertise The Old Web One Many
    5. 5. Web 2.0 One Many
    6. 6. Web 2.0 Many Many
    7. 7. Web 2.0: Evolution Towards a Read/Write Platform
    8. 8. Web 2.0: Evolution Towards a Read/Write Platform Browsers, RSS Readers, anything Web browser “ dynamic” “ static” “ Post / record” “ Page” “ Web Services” “ Client Server” “ Write” & Contribute “ Read” Web 2.0 (2003- beyond) Web pages, plus a lot of other “content” shared over the web, with more interactivity; more like an application than a “page” Web 1.0 (1993-2003) Pretty much HTML pages viewed through a browser
    9. 9. What is Web 2.0? How to recognize a Web 2.0 product? <ul><ul><li>Network as platform — delivering (and allowing users to use) applications entirely through a browser. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users owning the data on a site and exercising control over that data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An architecture of participation that encourages users to add value to the application as they use it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A rich, interactive, user-friendly interface based on Ajax or similar frameworks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some social-networking aspects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combines and integrates services and content from other products. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Web 2.0 Applications
    11. 11. Web 2.0 Applications
    12. 12. What is Web 2.0? Wikis <ul><ul><li>A wiki is computer software that allows users to easily create, edit and link web pages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis are mostly used to create collaborative websites. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasingly used by businesses to provide affordable and effective intranets. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are several variations of Wikis like PBwiki, Triki, Bliki, Interwiki with specialized functions. </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. What is Web 2.0? Blogs <ul><ul><li>Simple content publishing/management systems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs display content in a reversed chronological order – newest first. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept to keep and publish diaries, thoughts on various subjects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A new blog is added every two seconds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In September, the blog search engine Technnorati was tracking more that 107Milion blogs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogging has become a mass phenomena and a topic of much research. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. What is Web 2.0? RSS <ul><ul><li>A content syndication standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An XML standard provides structure and semantics to the content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for publishing and subscription to specific information (channel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content is both human and machine readable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The content can be reused in different ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is delivered to the users when and how they wanted. </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Flickr A social network for sharing photos Flickr combines a social network with user generated content. Users can work together to collaborate on photo projects and use each others’ tags to find new photos. Flickr also has an API for web services to integrate photo collections with blogs and other apps.
    16. 16. <ul><li>Can share with people around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Can put captions on (and more) </li></ul><ul><li>Can see who uploaded </li></ul><ul><li>Can apply tags </li></ul>
    17. 17. So, we can search on tags Anyone know what will come up if we search for “PFK”?
    18. 18. Results Poulet Frit Kentucky
    19. 19. Set up a flickr.com account <ul><li>Upload your pictures </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tag” them with descriptors </li></ul><ul><li>Annotate pictures if you like </li></ul><ul><li>Are there library uses? </li></ul>
    20. 20. Del.icio.us A floksonomy site that organize bookmarks A “folksonomy” is a spontaneous, collaborative work to categorize links by a community of users. Users take control of organize the content together.
    21. 22. <ul><li>The old way: </li></ul><ul><li>Constructing your own list of ‘Favourites’ on your browser. </li></ul><ul><li>The more you use it the more difficult it becomes to control. </li></ul><ul><li>Finding items is dependent upon how organised you are in creating the original lists and folders. </li></ul>Del.icio.us A floksonomy site that organize bookmarks
    22. 23. <ul><li>Social Bookmarking: </li></ul><ul><li>Each website is selected and stored together with others in a defined website area. </li></ul><ul><li>Each stored item is ‘tagged’ with keywords – either assigned/suggested by the host service or chosen by you. </li></ul><ul><li>The items are found by using a tag list. </li></ul>Del.icio.us A floksonomy site that organize bookmarks
    23. 24. Some Common Uses for Del.icio.us <ul><li>Storing bookmarks online so they can be accessed from any internet connect computer </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidating bookmark collections to eliminate the confusion of attempting to locate bookmarks stored on multiple computers </li></ul><ul><li>Personal interests – shopping, vacations, hobbies, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Pursuits – keeping track of online source materials in one protected location </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing – Bookmarks are public </li></ul><ul><li>Expertise Mining – all bookmarks on del.icio.us have been chosen by a human being. Exploring the results of their previous searches is a great labor saver </li></ul>
    24. 25. Some Advantages <ul><li>Easy to learn and use </li></ul><ul><li>Web based </li></ul><ul><li>Searchable </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates the development of communities of interest and expertise – can see who else is interested in your “topic” and the sites they have bookmarked. </li></ul><ul><li>Semantically classified tags – tags are chosen by human beings who understand the content and rank the bookmarks by their perceived utility as opposed to search engine algorithms used by internet search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent way to locate “communities of expertise” </li></ul><ul><li>The ability to group related tags under a category heading chosen by the user </li></ul>
    25. 26. How does Del.icio.us fit in the Classroom? <ul><li>Useful for creating web-based bibliographies </li></ul><ul><li>Create your own taxonomies </li></ul><ul><li>Trend spotting </li></ul><ul><li>Exploratory research </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing tags with students to facilitate active learning </li></ul>
    26. 27. Wikis A Wiki is a server program (called CMS) that allows users to collaborate in forming the content of a Web site. With a wiki, any user can edit the site content, including other users' contributions, using a regular Web browser. Basically, a wiki Web site operates on a principle of collaborative trust.
    27. 28. Wikipedia A collaborative encyclopedia edited in realtime by anyone
    28. 29. Web 2.0 for User Assistance Examples
    29. 30. Blogging An editing and publishing Web application
    30. 31. Social Networks Connect users into communities of interests
    31. 32. Facebook
    32. 33. Pageflakes <ul><li>A sort of customisable dashboard that can draw data from a wide range of other Web2.0 applications. </li></ul>
    33. 35. RSS A new way of receiving content RSS (Really Simple Syndication) is an emerging technology which enables users to get “feeds” of data from content publishers via a browser or special newsreader tool. Items come to user free of spam, on-demand, and in an easy to digest format
    34. 36. RSS Reader Example
    35. 39. Curriki <ul><li>Free online curriculum, built in a wiki-style model. Can be used as a resource, or as a place to collaboratively build curriculum </li></ul>
    36. 41. Edu 2.0 www.edu20.org <ul><li>Provides shared curriculum/courses, and allows people to teach them or learn from them. Courses can be public or private. </li></ul>
    37. 43. Think www.think.com <ul><li>Think engages and inspires students. It turns students into multimedia authors for a global community. </li></ul><ul><li>Members use interactive tools to publish their ideas, collaborate on projects, and build knowledge together </li></ul>
    38. 45. Educational Applications of Web 2.0 Tools
    39. 46. What does Web 2.0 mean for education? <ul><li>Web 1.0 – web as digital library, largely a source of information for students. Strive for content to be authoritative. </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 – web as place for students to build knowledge, interact, share ideas, resulting content treated accordingly. </li></ul>
    40. 47. What does Web 2.0 mean for education? <ul><li>Web 2.0 tools are often used as Web 1.0 tools initially. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, </li></ul><ul><li>del.icio.us collections used only to convey websites, Wikipedia just as a “reference” tool </li></ul>
    41. 48. What does Web 2.0 mean for education? <ul><li>If we accept that knowledge creation is at least a significant part of pedagogy (constructivism), we need tools that support this </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 tools meet this need. </li></ul>
    42. 49. Educational Applications of Web 2.0 Tools <ul><li>Allow interactive content building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your audience participates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Editing through your web browser </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No need to download or buy expensive software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dynamic content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeps your course fresh </li></ul></ul>
    43. 50. <ul><li>Use Wikipedia for creating websites for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group projects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for service learning projects in the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative essays and reports. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space for free writing or reader-response journaling. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share resources – web sites, annotated bibliographies, models for assignments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a compendium of terms and concepts for the course to use as a study guide. </li></ul></ul>Educational Applications of Web 2.0 Tools
    44. 51. <ul><li>Using group or individual blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For each work or topic that you cover in a course, have small groups publish blogs on how a their assigned theory would analyze or interpret it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a blog for students in your courses or department; link to journal articles, news items, conferences, calls for papers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have students create blogs for journaling. </li></ul></ul>Educational Applications of Web 2.0 Tools