Tech3008 6Computers & Multimedia


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Tech3008 6Computers & Multimedia

  1. 1. TECH3008 Introduction to Educational Technology Dr. Alaa Sadik Instructional & Learning Technologies Department [email_address]
  2. 2. TECH3008 Introduction to Educational Technology Presentation Six: Computers & Multimedia
  3. 3. Computer Applications on The Classroom: Taxonomy of Software Types
  4. 4. Types of Software
  5. 5. Types of Instructional Software <ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Drill-and-Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Games </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Utilities </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Instructional Software <ul><li>1. Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A group of applications programs that is designed to automate general-purpose and specific tasks such as word processing, database management, spreadsheet, attendance, accounting, grade reporting, scheduling and others. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>acquire knowledge and insight about content and processes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enhance problem-solving and thinking skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enhance students’ technical skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enhance student’s personal productivity. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Instructional Software MS Word Ms Word one of the most popular word processing programs that allow documents to be typed, revised, formatted and printed quickly and efficiently 1. Applications
  8. 8. Types of Instructional Software <ul><li>2. Drill and Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Drill and practice software provides exercises in which students work example items one at a time and receive feedback on their correctness. </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce instruction by providing the repetition necessary to move acquired skills and concepts into long-term memory. </li></ul><ul><li>Capture and retain the attention of students. </li></ul><ul><li>Save teachers’ time and efforts. </li></ul><ul><li>Personalize instruction by meeting individual differences among learners. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Types of Instructional Software 2. Drill and Practice <ul><li>ECS Keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Enables students to: </li></ul><ul><li>Play notes on the keyboard after seeing them written. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify played notes by assessing intervals from played/written notes </li></ul><ul><li>Playback written notes quickly. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of Instructional Software 2. Drill and Practice Master the Facts Multiplication: This program was created in response to teachers to use in their classrooms to teach multiplication. Students using Master the Facts Multiplication for as little as ten minutes a day to practice multiplication skills may demonstrate marked improvement in multiplication skills on quizzes and tests..
  11. 11. Types of Instructional Software <ul><li>3. Tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>A tutorial exposes the learner to material that is believed not to have been previously taught or learned. A tutorial often includes pre-test, post test and drill and practice activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>Follow linear programmed instruction or branching design. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage students to interact, control and response to the program. </li></ul><ul><li>Guide the learner throughout learning from the beginning (objectives) to the end (evaluation). </li></ul><ul><li>Have computer-management capabilities (e.g. data collection). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Types of Instructional Software 3. Tutorials <ul><li>Auslan Sign Tutorial </li></ul><ul><li>This system provides an easy-to-use and interactive tutorial for learning the basics in communicating in the Australian Sign Language (Auslan). </li></ul><ul><li>3D model for signing. </li></ul><ul><li>3D model shows emotion. </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers Mode. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 60 sign phrases to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Random Quiz tests . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Types of Instructional Software 3. Tutorials Food Hygiene This tutorial is designed to teach students at a school of medicine a complete course on food hygiene which concerns food and the prevention of illness and maintenance of health. Uses well-prepared text supported by pictures, audio and video clips.
  14. 14. Types of Instructional Software <ul><li>4. Simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>A simulation is a computerized model of real or imagined system designed to teach how a system works and allows learners to create their own sequence for using simulation. </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>Involve students into learning process. </li></ul><ul><li>Compress time or slow down processes. </li></ul><ul><li>Save money and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Make experimentation safe. </li></ul><ul><li>Make impossible situations possible and controllable. </li></ul><ul><li>Let student repeat events as many times as they want. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Types of Instructional Software 4. Simulations Infinite Physics Simulator Infinite physics simulator has a large collection of objects useful for optics simulation including mirrors, prisms, lenses and other transparent objects.
  16. 16. Types of Instructional Software 4. Simulations Curvilinear Friendly design, users do not need to get trained to operate these tools. Using buttons, textboxes and slide bars learners can run or stop the experiment and change the parameters of the phenomena.
  17. 17. Types of Instructional Software 5. Instructional Games Save the Math Apples Help the monkey save the apples ! Click on the basket with the number to give the answer . Keep clicking the basket to add numbers to your answer .
  18. 18. Types of Instructional Software <ul><li>5. Instructional Games </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional games are courseware designed to motivate learning by adding game rules to learning activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>Make learning fun and motivating (Edutainment). </li></ul><ul><li>Motivate learners via the challenge of competition. </li></ul><ul><li>Engage the learner in a situation where the learner is competing for a high score. </li></ul><ul><li>Include elements of adventure and uncertainty. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide different levels of complexity that match player’s ability. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Types of Instructional Software 5. Instructional Games Jungle Jim and the Donga Dinga Drums This interactive game encourages kids to play with numbers and multiplication concept and win points as long as he/she hits the right number.
  20. 20. Types of Instructional Software <ul><li>6. Problem-Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-solving software is a type of content-free or content-based programs that places emphasis on critical thinking, analysis, logic and reasoning via the presentation of set of data or problematic event. </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>Stress thinking processes rather than correct answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Expose students to a series of activities that would help teach the desired skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Help students work together in small teams. </li></ul><ul><li>Give students opportunities to see how information applies to actual problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Vary the amount of direction and assistance depending on the each student’s needs. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Types of Instructional Software 6. Problem-Solving StressAlyzer This program provides students with many problems in Mechanics of Materials to solve. Students get immediate feedback on whether they solve each problem correctly, and they are offered randomly generated versions of similar problems until they can be solved correctly.
  22. 22. Types of Instructional Software MS Excel Excel one of the most popular spreadsheet programs that can used to teach management processes and enhance problem-solving and thinking skills in mathematics and science. 6. Problem-Solving
  23. 23. Types of Instructional Software <ul><li>7. Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Programs that support the interactive use of text, audio, still images, video and graphics and manipulate them to support learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance text only presentations by adding interesting sounds and compelling visuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Engage a variety of learning modalities (visual, auditory and possibly kinesthetic) which can appeal to various learner styles simultaneously. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow development of more engaging, persuasive presentations. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus practice of skills that support transfer of learning. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Types of Instructional Software 7. Multimedia Scholar’s Desktop. This program provides a series of modules for teaching, using a combination of media. Students can visit many museums around the world and explore many environments as they visit it.
  25. 25. Types of Instructional Software 7. Multimedia MS Photo Story This authoring tool allows students to create their own digital stories using text, audio and pictures and export their projects into a digital movie.
  26. 26. Types of Instructional Software <ul><li>8. Teacher Utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Non-instructional or administrative programs used to prepare instructional materials or organize, store, evaluate and report information on pupils’ achievement and progress. </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the principle of database management. </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulate classroom and examination data. </li></ul><ul><li>Permit the teacher to have untold amounts of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the amount of repetitive paper work. </li></ul><ul><li>Create and maintain lesson plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Create and print a school calendar. </li></ul>Example: HeadMaster 2007 [ ]
  27. 27. Types of Instructional Software 8. Teacher Utilities Head Master Specifically designed for teachers. HeadMaster can handle grading, reporting, and scheduling. From administration to accounting to registrar duties, HeadMaster's flexible, customizable interface provides a complete solution for your school's office.
  28. 28. <ul><ul><li>Definition of multimedia and multimedia programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Features and capabilities of multimedia programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages of using multimedia in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using multimedia programs in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching students to use multimedia programs </li></ul></ul>Multimedia
  29. 29. Multimedia Types of Media text, image & audio
  30. 30. Multimedia Types of Media Text (words, numbers, signs, symbols, equations, etc.) The ear consists of three basic parts the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. Each part of the ear serves a specific purpose in the task of detecting and interpreting sound. ……………………………… ……………………………… ………………………………
  31. 31. Multimedia Types of Media Audio (human voice, sound effects, etc.) The human ear consists of ...
  32. 32. Multimedia Types of Media Still Image (drawing, graph, photo, map, etc.)
  33. 33. Multimedia Types of Media Motion Image (video, animation, etc.)
  34. 34. Multimedia Types of Media Motion Image (video, animation, etc.)
  35. 35. The ear consists of three basic parts the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. Each part of the ear serves a specific purpose in the task of detecting and interpreting sound. The Human Ear Next Previous Main Menu Multimedia
  36. 36. <ul><ul><li>Definition of multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The combination or integration of text, audio, still pictures and video into one single digital presentation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition of multimedia presentation programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs that that manipulate text, audio, images and full motion video objects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition of multimedia authoring tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs that involve students in the design and organization of text, graphics, video and sound in one presentation. </li></ul></ul>Multimedia
  37. 37. <ul><ul><li>Types of multimedia programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructional multimedia products e.g. Grolier, Bookshelf, British Encyclopedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video production and editing packages e.g., MS Video Maker, Asymetrix, Ulead… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia authoring packages e.g., PowerPoint, MS PhotoStory, HyperStudio, ToolBook Instructor, Authorware… </li></ul></ul>Multimedia
  38. 38. <ul><ul><li>Features and capabilities of multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation software (types 3) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Custom slide layouts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional diagrams and models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics effects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigation aid design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich text and typography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Table and chart formatting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PowerPoint themes and office styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Share your presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborate on a presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PowerPoint XML Formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a custom slide show </li></ul></ul>Multimedia
  39. 39. <ul><ul><li>Advantages of using multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For Students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engages students into design and organization process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivate students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows students to get information easily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporates additional useful skills into the curriculum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heightens project-based learning opportunities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides classroom accessibility outside the classroom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits audio/visual learners. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appealing and manageable to students with special needs and at-risk students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve creative and critical thinking skills. </li></ul></ul>Multimedia
  40. 40. <ul><ul><li>Advantages of using multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For Teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enables teachers to turn teacher-centred lessons into student-cantered. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides teachers with more opportunities to be facilitator. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily adaptable to all learning levels. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreases classroom management issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible </li></ul></ul>Multimedia
  41. 41. <ul><ul><li>Using multimedia programs in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to create: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tutorials * </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom multimedia slideshows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic portfolios * </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tours and trips </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital stories * </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School yearbooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School reports and announcements </li></ul></ul>Multimedia
  42. 42. <ul><ul><li>Using multimedia programs in the classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to create: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tutorials to involve students in learning a subject matter individually and interactively. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic portfolios to be used for documentation and assessment purposes in the classroom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital stories to encourage students to work through the process of authoring, producing, presenting, publishing and sharing their own curriculum- based stories with other students in the class. </li></ul></ul>Multimedia
  43. 43. <ul><ul><li>Teaching students to use multimedia programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screen design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigation design and tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presenting tables and charts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inserting sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presenting video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using icons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding motions and animation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slide transitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Custom shows </li></ul></ul>Multimedia
  44. 44. Discussion