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Key Issues in Distance Education

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Key Issues in Distance Education

  1. 1. Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Dr. Alaa Sadik Instructional & Learning Technologies Department www.alaasadik.net [email_address]
  2. 2. <ul><li>Lecture Two </li></ul><ul><li>Key Issues in Distance Education </li></ul><ul><li>The educational relationship in DE - Interaction at a distance </li></ul>Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101
  3. 3. <ul><li>In face-to-face education : </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher can play an essential role in facilitating learning and supporting students. How? </li></ul><ul><li>prepare lessons, </li></ul><ul><li>discuss students, </li></ul><ul><li>manage the class, </li></ul><ul><li>select the needed technology, </li></ul><ul><li>suggest activities, </li></ul><ul><li>assess students and provide reinforcement. </li></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education
  4. 4. <ul><li>In distance education: </li></ul><ul><li>Although DE is recognised by the separation between the tutor and learners, an important role can be played by distance tutors. How? </li></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education
  5. 5. <ul><li>In distance education: </li></ul><ul><li>Although DE is recognised by the separation between the tutor and learners, an important role can be played by distance tutors. How? </li></ul><ul><li>deliver instructional materials, </li></ul><ul><li>suggest learning resources, </li></ul><ul><li>use appropriate interaction technology, </li></ul><ul><li>respond to students’ questions. </li></ul><ul><li>select the appropriate form of assessment. </li></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education
  6. 6. <ul><li>In distance education: </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, a DE environment has two main components: </li></ul><ul><li>The subject matter </li></ul><ul><li>The dialogue </li></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education
  7. 7. <ul><li>In distance education: </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore, a DE environment has two main components: </li></ul><ul><li>The subject matter (course designer’ role, later in this course) </li></ul><ul><li>The dialogue (tutor’s role) </li></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education
  8. 8. <ul><li>In distance education: </li></ul><ul><li>Components of DE environments: </li></ul><ul><li>The dialogue (tutor’s role) </li></ul><ul><li>Important for activating the use of new knowledge and facilitating assessment of students’ progress. </li></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education
  9. 9. <ul><li>In distance education: </li></ul><ul><li>Components of DE environments: </li></ul><ul><li>The dialogue (tutor’s role) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How can be achieved? </li></ul></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education
  10. 10. <ul><li>In distance education: </li></ul><ul><li>Components of DE environments: </li></ul><ul><li>The dialogue (tutor’s role) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The tutor may visit the distant site, or students may take a trip to a central site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The tutor may use technology to interact and support students. </li></ul></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education
  11. 11. <ul><li>The dialogue (tutor’s role) </li></ul><ul><li>The dialogue in the absence of two-way communication technology (e.g., printed materials, TV and phone calls) . </li></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education Model 1 Develop Deliver Interact
  12. 12. <ul><li>The dialogue (tutor’s role) </li></ul><ul><li>The dialogue using two-way communication technology (e.g., the Internet) </li></ul>The Educational Relationship in Distance Education Model 2 The same medium can be used to distribute the content and facilitate interaction
  13. 13. <ul><li>Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>A process of communication that happens between the learner and the learning environment (the tutor, students and the learning content) in which the learner takes a more positive role . </li></ul><ul><li>Interactivity has been described as a key to success in traditional classroom to enhance learning and motivate learners. </li></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  14. 14. <ul><li>Types of Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Social interaction Student-instructor interaction Student-student interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Individual interaction Student-content interaction </li></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  15. 15. <ul><li>Social Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Student-instructor interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs between the learner and the instructor. </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>To motivate and support the learner and allows for clarification of any misunderstanding. </li></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  16. 16. <ul><li>Social Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Student-Student interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs between one learner and another learner, with or without the presence of an instructor. Used to negotiate information and share learning experience. </li></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  17. 17. <ul><li>Individual Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Learner-content interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs between the learner and the learning content to bring about changes in the learner’s understanding . </li></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  18. 18. <ul><li>Types of Social Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Time-dependent (synchronous) </li></ul><ul><li>Time-independent (asynchronous) </li></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  19. 19. <ul><li>Types of Social Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Time-dependent (synchronous) </li></ul><ul><li>Using real-time communication technology (e.g., telephone, video conferencing, chatting…) </li></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  20. 20. <ul><li>Types of Social Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Time-independent (asynchronous) </li></ul><ul><li>Using communication tools (e.g., fax, e-mail, discussion boards…) . </li></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  21. 21. <ul><li>Encouraging interaction at a distance. </li></ul><ul><li>Student-instructor interaction. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student-instructor interaction can be constructed and fostered in DE. How? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using various strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>group-based collaborative projects, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>presentation boards, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tutor questioning. </li></ul></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  22. 22. <ul><li>Encouraging interaction at a distance. </li></ul><ul><li>Student-student interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student-student interaction can be constructed and fostered in DE. How? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using various strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  23. 23. <ul><li>Encouraging interaction at a distance: How? </li></ul><ul><li>Student-content interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student-content interaction can be constructed and fostered in DE. How? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using various strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>Interaction at a Distance
  24. 24. <ul><li>Questions & Discussions </li></ul>The End

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