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How to be better scholars 2014

Discussing plagiarism with foreign students studying in the US.

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How to be better scholars 2014

  1. 1. How To Be Better Scholars Transition to being a student in the US Alla Powers Oregon Tech Librarian 2014
  2. 2. WELCOME!
  3. 3. What IS Plagiarism?
  4. 4. Serious academic offense!
  5. 5. * Academic dishonesty: cheating, plagiarism or otherwise obtaining grades under false pretenses * Plagiarism: submitting the language, ideas, thoughts or work of another as one’s own From the Student Handbook Student Academic Integrity Policy at the Oregon Institute of Technology
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Plagiarius = kidnapper IDEAS
  8. 8. Famous Cases of Plagiarism German Defense Minister Karl- Theodor zu Guttenberg, 2011 German Education Minister Annette Schavan, 2013
  9. 9. Plagiarism can be: Cheating (intentional)  Using ideas of others and presenting them as your own  Not properly citing the authors  Putting ideas together without connecting them to your own work  Failing to put a direct quotation in quotation marks Misuse of sources (unintentional) Accidental appropriation of the ideas of others due to:  lack of understanding the rules  poor study skills  different cultural background
  10. 10. Cultural Differences
  11. 11. “Basically [the professor]said I didn’t cite at all. Back home, we listen to our teachers, and basically mug everything they say. The more you write your answers exactly the way they say it, the better chance you have of getting an A.” “I think most students don’t plan on cheating ... it just happens.” A student from India In their own words
  12. 12.  Western notion of authorship and ownership of ideas  Intellectual Property – information belongs to somebody (yes, even on the Internet)  Everything you find online should be considered copyrighted  Cite your sources! (Images too)  When in doubt, it is better to over cite  Ask your teacher or librarian for help What You Should Remember
  13. 13. A Myth About Plagiarism
  14. 14.  If it is on the internet it is public domain  You have to use a paragraph or more before citing the source  If it came from a friend it does not need to be cited  It is in the text book so it is common knowledge  A works cited list/ bibliography is all that is needed Other Myths about plagiarism
  15. 15. If you didn’t think of it yourself it should be cited The Golden Rule to Avoid Plagiarism
  16. 16. * Direct quotation in text: Another form of plagiarism is self-plagiarism, when a paper sent in for publication is “simply a retitled and reformatted version of the original one” (Collberg & Kobourov, 2005, p.88) * In the References List: Collberg, C., and Kobourov, S. (2005). Self-plagiarism in computer science. Communications of the ACM, 48(4). 88-94. Citing Demo in Brief (APA Style)
  17. 17.  Paraphrasing As a form of self-plagiarism, there is a practice of reusing the same papers while addressing a different audience (Collberg & Kobourov, 2005). Citing Demo in Brief, Cont.
  18. 18. Why should students use it • Allows practicing language skills • Shows a greater degree of understanding information • Good academic practice Why some of them don’t • “Authority figures”; “Paraphrasing would be disrespectful” • Requires advanced language abilities “If [students]don’t know how to rewrite the sentence, they probably think, ‘I’ll just copy and paste it.’ ” A Student from Taiwan Paraphrasing: Is It Allowed?
  19. 19. Where to find synonyms
  20. 20. APA MLA Chicago Major Citation Styles Used at Oregon Tech
  21. 21. Why Do Students Plagiarize? ?
  22. 22.  Poor study skills  Not understanding the assignment Poor time management skills Not confident in their language skills Poor note-taking skills
  23. 23.  I didn’t know I needed to acknowledge the source  Everybody does it  I don’t have time to do the work  I don’t think the teacher will notice  I am not confident that I can write correct English  I want to acknowledge but don’t know how  I forgot to mention the source  The teacher didn’t show me how  Copying ideas makes my writing better In Their Own Words
  24. 24.  Easier copying and pasting  Information often doesn’t seem to be owned  Authors can be hard to find  Misconception that all information on the Internet is in the public domain  Companies providing papers for a fee: “paper mills”  No one can tell it’s not mine, right? Wrong! “Internet Plagiarism” Is technology to blame?
  25. 25.  Study the institutional policy on academic integrity  Understand the process of writing and research  Know and use proper citation styles  Make it clear what part of your paper is based on someone else’s idea(s)  Talk to your advisors/instructors/librarians Golden Rules to Follow
  26. 26.  Show how to find better sources  How to cite your sources  Find dictionaries of synonyms for paraphrasing  Find citation manuals  We can save you time to complete your assignment!  Show how to avoid plagiarizing Librarians Can Help!
  27. 27. Find Us Here
  28. 28. * Avoiding Plagiarism * Citing Sources Use These Guides on Your Library Website
  29. 29.  LINKS Tutorial, Module 6:  Interactive video on plagiarism:  Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab): More Sources To Explore
  30. 30. My contact information: Alla Powers Learning Resources Center, Room 212 885-1774 Have Questions? Ask a Librarian!
  31. 31. On your cards please answer this question: Is there anything you do not understand or are worried about regarding acknowledging sources in the US universities? One-minute paper