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Sports injuries in foot ball players

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Sports injuries in foot ball players. The ACL is the commonest ligament injured. It needs ACL reconstruction if you want to play football again and remain active. Visit www.jointpreservationsurgery.com

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Sports injuries in foot ball players

  1. 1. SPORTS INJURIES in foot-ballers Dr.A.K.Venkatachlalam MS Orth, DNB Orth, FRCS, M.Ch Orth Consultant in Orthopaedic surgery Chennai www.kneeindia.com E mail- drvenkat@kneeindia.com
  2. 2. What are the causes? a)Accidents b) Improper training c)Improper equipment d) Lack of conditioning e)Insufficient warm up & stretching
  3. 3. Areas of body injured in sports
  4. 4. Commonly injured structures of the knee in football • Menisci or semi- lunar cartilages ( natural shock absorbers) inner or outer • Anterior cruciate ligament( ACL) • Medial collateral ligament ( MCL) • Articular cartilage.
  5. 5. Ligaments of the knee • ACL- Anterior cruciate ligament • PCL-Posterior cruciate ligament • Medial collateral ligament • Lateral collateral ligament
  6. 6. Symptoms of an ACLinjury • “Popping” sound heard or felt in the knee at the time of rupture by the patient. • Knee swells up due to rapid accumulation of blood. • Player will be unable to continue the game • Knee will feel unstable. • Swelling may take up-to three or four weeks to settle down.
  7. 7. Treatment of ACLinjuries • Not possible to suture the torn ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) • If you want to give up sports and place low demand on your knee then you do not need surgery. • Treatment will then consist of crutches, a “Knee brace”, and physical therapy for rehabilitation. • If you plan to have an active life style, then you need surgery. • Surgery is called “ACL Reconstruction”
  8. 8. A C L R E C O N S T R U C T I O N
  9. 9. How can you prevent an ACLinjury • Complete protection is impossible. • Strengthening and conditioning programs are your best ally. • In female athletes some training of hamstring muscles and modification of landing technique is useful.
  10. 10. Meniscal injuries (tears) • • Occur when they are trapped between the bones for e.g.: in a tackle when a defender attacks from the back with the knee bent . Knee rotates but the foot stays fixed to the ground. The inner( medial) meniscus is torn more often as it is fixed.
  11. 11. Articular cartilage • • • • Bluish smooth elastic tissue at the ends of the long bones. Acts as a natural shock absorber Allows frictionless movement of the joint Loss of cartilage leads to osteo-arthritis
  12. 12. Outcome after knee injuries • Injury to the structures usually occurs in combination rather than isolated injuries in sports. • Not sufficient to deal with injury to one tissue in isolation and ignore the other structures. • Untreated combined injuries of ACL & menisci can lead to early osteoarthritis.
  13. 13. Surgical treatment is a good and safe option to postpone arthritis in the injured knee
  14. 14. Ankle sprains
  15. 15. screening Job of the team physician to declare fitness of players
  16. 16. Prevention of football injuries • Pre season training-6 – 8 weeks before season. • Warm up, stretching, cool down after the game. • Good foot wear with spikes. • To totally avoid ligament injuries is not possible- muscular conditioning and training can help. • Female footballers can strengthen hamstrings and modify landing techniques. • Avoid rough play
  17. 17. Warm up & Stretch • Minimum warm up for 15 minutes before any sport • Appropriate cool down at the end of the game. • Do a light jog around the field until perspiration just starts before the sport • Stretching exercises for whole body. Pay special attention to body areas that will twist & move suddenly
  18. 18. TFL stretch Rectus stretch Hamstring stretch Gastro stretch Soleu s stretc h
  19. 19. Surgical treatment is a good and safe option to postpone arthritis in the injured knee Minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery deals with all components of the injury through key hole incisions
  20. 20. Key hole surgery
  21. 21. Enjoy your game & stay fit for life Dr.A.K.Venkatachalam www.drakvenkat.com www.jointpreservationsurgery.com

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