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British english


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British english

  1. 1. Presented by: | Athina R. A - 009 | |A. Jihad S - 012 | | Tivani K - 013 | Dalliya H. Q – 034 | | Fendi - 040 | | Ekalina – 104 |
  2. 2. 1. History 2. Models of The English Development 3. Varieties of English 4. The Conclusion
  3. 3. History A Short History of The Origins and Development of English
  4. 4. Models of The English Development Old English (OE) Middle English (ME) Early Modern English (EME) Modern English (Mod E)
  5. 5. Old English (450-1100 AD) Old English did not sound or look like English today. Native English speakers now would have great difficulty understanding Old English. Nevertheless, about half of the most commonly used words in Modern English have Old English roots.
  6. 6. Old English (450-1100 AD) Part of Beowulf, a poem written in Old English
  7. 7. Middle English (1100-1500) In 1066 William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy (part of modern France), invaded and conquered England. The new conquerors (called the Normans) brought with them a kind of French, became the language of the Royal Court, and the ruling and business classes. In the 14th century English became dominant in Britain again, but with many French words added. This language is called Middle English. It was the language of the great poet Chaucer (c1340-1400).
  8. 8. Middle English (1100-1500) An example of Middle English by Chaucer
  9. 9. Modern English Modern English Early Modern English 1450 - 1750 Modern English 1750 - Present
  10. 10. Early Modern English Towards the end of Middle English, a sudden and distinct change in pronunciation (the Great Vowel Shift) started, with vowels being pronounced shorter and shorter. From the 16th century the British had contact with many peoples from around the world.
  11. 11. Early Modern English The Renaissance of Classical learning, meant that many new words and phrases entered the language
  12. 12. Early Modern English Hamlet's famous "To be, or not to be" lines, written in Early Modern English by Shakespeare
  13. 13. Modern English Vocabulary Early Modern English Modern English
  14. 14. Varieties of English From around 1600, • the English colonization of North America resulted in the creation of a distinct American variety of English • In some ways, American English is more like the English of Shakespeare than modern British English is. Some expressions British call "Americanisms" = British expressions that were preserved in the colonies while lost for a time in Britain • (for example trash for rubbish, loan as a verb instead of lend, and fall for autumn; • another example, frame-up, was re-imported into Britain through Hollywood gangster movies). Spanish French words (through Louisiana). West African words (through the slave trade) also had an influence on American Britsh English
  15. 15. Varieties of English Varieties of English Australian English, New Zealand English, Canadian English, South African English, Indian English and Caribbean English. But there are many other varieties of English around the world the USA's dominance of cinema, television, popular music, trade and technology (including the Internet). due to American English is particularly influential, Today,
  16. 16. Varieties of English Varieties of English English is a member of the Germanic family of languages. Germanic is a branch of the Indo-European language family.
  17. 17. The Conclusions • A brief chronology of English
  18. 18. That’s All Thank You 