•Material handling is the art and science of
moving, storing, protecting, and controlling
–Moving: Required to create time and place
utility. The value of having the material at
the right time and the right place.
–Storing: Provides a buffer between
operations, facilitates the efficient use of
people and machines.
–Protecting: Includes the packaging,
packing against damage and theft.
–Controlling: Physical Orientation,
sequence and space between material.
10. Life Cycle Cost
3. Work principle
6. Space Utilization
5. Unit load
The What Question
1.What are the types of material to be moved?
2.What are their characteristics?
3.What are the amounts moved and stored?
The Where Question
1.Where is the material coming from? Where should it come from?
2.Where is the material delivered? Where should it be delivered?
3.Where is the material stored? Where should it be stored?
4.Where can material handling tasks be eliminated, combined or
5.Where can you apply mechanization or automation?
The When Question
1.When is material needed? When should it be moved?
2.When is it time to mechanize or automate?
3.When should we conduct a material handling performance audit?
The How Question?
1. How is the material moved or stored? How should material be
moved or stored? What are the alternative ways of moving or storing
2. How much inventory should be maintained?
3. How is the material tracked? How should the material be tracked?
4. How should the problem be analyzed?
The Who Question?
1. Who should be handling material? What are the required skills to
perform the material handling tasks?
2. Who should be trained to service and maintain the material handling
3. Who should be involved in designing the system?
The Which Question?
1. Which material handling operations are necessary?
2. Which type of material handling equipment, if any, should be
3. Which material handling system is cost effective?
4. Which alternative is preferred?
Categories of Material Handling Equipment
1. Material Transport Equipment
• Industrial Vehicles
• Monorails and Hoists
2. Storage and Retrieval Equipment
• A forklift is a powered
industrial truck used to lift
and transport materials.
The modern forklift was
developed in the 1960s by
including the transmission
mfg. company Clark and
the hoist company Yale &
• Truck Frame - is the base of the
machine to which the mast, axles,
wheels, counterweight, overhead guard
and power source are attached.
• Counterweight - is a mass attached to
the rear of the forklift truck frame. The
purpose of the counterweight is to
counterbalance the load being lifted.
• Overhead Guard - is a
metal roof supported by posts at each
corner of the cab that helps protect the
operator from any falling objects.
• Power Source - Electric forklifts are
powered by either a battery or fuel
cells that provides power to the electric
• Tilt Cylinders - are hydraulic cylinders that are
mounted to the truck frame and the mast. The tilt
cylinders pivot the mast to assist in engaging a load.
• Mast - is the vertical assembly that does the work of
raising and lowering the load. It is made up of
interlocking rails that also provide lateral stability.
• Carriage - is the component to which the forks or other
attachments mount. It is mounted into and moves up
and down the mast rails by means of chains or by being
directly attached to the hydraulic cylinder.
• Tires - either solid for indoor use, or pneumatic for
Fuel tank of forklift
Bearings in forklifts to ensure no leakage
Broken rims of forklift tyres
1. Electric ladder
Max. load- 230 kg
Total wt.- 1420 kg
2. Kardex shuttle *4 (Lean lift)
Model no.- SHUTTLE XP-500
Type- H/N 55/N22D/18B/N75D13/20
CAPACITY- 470 KG
Yr of mfg- (two have 2008 & others have 2010,2011)
3. DOCK LEVELERS *4
MODEL- 7810 FH
CAPACITY- 9 TON
4. BOPT (ELECTRIC PALLET TRUCK) *2
MODEL - SP22i
5. STACKERS * 18
MAKE AVAILABLE- MAINI(12), GODREJ(4), BAKA(2)
MAINI- CAPACITY- 1500KG
MODEL- 15 SSFFTL
GODREJ- CAPACITY- 2 TON
MODELS AVAILABLE- SWLI 5T, ESW 15
MGF YEAR-2009FOR SWLI 5T & 2012 FOR ESW 15
BAKA- CAPACITY-1600 KG
6. HAND PLATE *15
MODEL- PV 25
CAPACITY- 2500 KG
7. LIFT TABLE
CAPACITY- 100O KG
8. TOW TRUCKS *10
MAKE AVAILABLE- MAINI(8), GODREJ (2)
MAINI- CAPACITY- 2000 KG
MFG YR.- 2012
9. FORK LIFTS *12
MAKE AVAILABLE- MITSUBISHI(1),
VOLTAS(2), HELI(1), GODREJ(2),
MITSUBISHI- MODEL- FD 30ND
MFG. YEAR- 2006
TOYOTA- MODEL - 62- 8FD30
CAPACITY- 3 TON
How to maintain?
• Keep all moving parts well lubricated
• Check fluid levels regularly.
• Keep your forklift charged or fueled.
• Keep Forklift Gauges Functioning Properly.
• Keep Forklift Tires in Good Shape- If the tires use
air, ensure that the correct air pressure is maintained in
them. In case the tires are solid rubber ones, make sure
that there are not any gashes present.
When to use Mhe’s?
1. When a load is too bulky to
properly grasp or lift
2. When you can’t see around
or over the load
3. When you can’t safely
handle the load
Hazards involved in Mhe’s
•Improper manual lifting or
carrying loads that are too
large or heavy
Being struck by materials or
being caught in pinch points
Crushed by machines, falling
materials or improperly
Incorrectly cutting ties or
Safe Lifting Training
What should be taught:
1.How to lift safely
2.How to avoid unnecessary
physical stress and strain
3.What you can comfortably
handle without undue strain
4.Proper use of equipment
hazards and how to prevent
/ correct them
Personal Protective Equipment
•For loads with sharp or rough
edges, wear gloves or other
hand and forearm protection
•When loads are heavy or bulky,
wear steel-toed safety shoes to
prevent foot injuries if the load
•Employees must be
trained in the
Proper use and
limitations of the
knowing how to
equipment such as
tow trucks etc.