Industrial Dispute means any dispute or
difference between employers and
employers or employers and workmen or
between workmen and workmen which
is connected with employment or non
employment or terms of employment or
conditions of labour.
constitute militant and
organised protests against
• They are symptoms of
• The term ‘industrial
dispute’ as described in
the Industrial Disputes Act,
1947 is characterized by
the following features.
Features of the term ‘industrial dispute’.
There should be a Difference or Dispute.
The dispute could be between Employer-employer,
Employee-employee Or Employer-employee.
The dispute must pertain to some work-related issue.
The dispute must be raised by a group or class of
For example: the dispute between one or two
workers and the respective employer is not an
› Hygiene &
Negotiations between an
employer and a group of
employees so as to determine
the conditions of employment.
The result of collective
bargaining procedures is a
Employees are often
represented in bargaining by
a union or other labor
Conciliation refers to the process by which representatives of employees
and employers are brought together before a third party with a view to
discuss, reconcile their differences and arrive at an agreement through
Also Termed as Collective Bargaining……..
Board of Conciliation
This is the primary
It is present in
employing 100 or
Equal proportionate Representation of
members in works committee.
Trade Union engaged in selection of
workmen selection amongst workmen.
Employers nominate the representative
Total no shall not exceed…..20.
To promote measures for securing &
preserving the peace .
Comment on matter of common interest,
concern and Endeavour.
Smooth away frictions.
Recommendations not binding or it cannot
pass final judgment.
If dispute is not solved through works
Committee, it will be referred to
Conciliation Officer‘. He is appointed by
Appointed by govt. for specific area or
They are engaged as third party in the
Promotes the fair and amicable
settlement of industrial dispute.
After giving reasonable notice may enter
the industrial establishment and enquiry
Conciliation Officer sends his report to
appropriate government within 14 days
of conciliation process
Appropriate Govt. by notification in
official Gazette constitute a Board.
The board comprise of neutral –
It consist of two or four other members
who are equally represented.
The board may act even in absence of
chairman if they satisfy quorum.
To bring about settlement of dispute
within two months.
If it achieves success in attaining the
settlement amongst parties it with the
signatures of parties submit the report to
Board of Conciliation.
If no settlement is arrived or on
suggestion of report Appropriate govt.
refers the matter to Labour Court,
Industrial or National Tribunal.
Appropriate govt. may appoint two or
more persons as court of inquiry.
A chairman among them is appointed.
They inquire in the matter.
Make report to the govt.
Time period 6 months
Adjudication is the legal process by which
an arbiter or judge reviews evidence and
argumentation including legal reasoning
Appropriate govt. appoints the labour
It shall consist of one person only to be
appointed by appropriate govt.
He is the presiding officer of the court.
Holds its procedures expeditiously.
Submit its award to appropriate govt.
No time limit has been laid down.
Dismissal or discharge or grant of relief to
workmen wrongfully dismissed.
Illegality or otherwise of a strike or
Withdrawal of any customary concession
Appropriate govt. may appoint one or
more industrial tribunals.
It shall consist of one person to be
appointed by appropriate govt.
Bonus, profit-sharing, PF etc.
Compensatory and other
Rules of discipline
Retrenchment of workmen
Working shifts other than in
Hours of work and rest intervals
Leave with wages and
accordance with standing
The central government may, by notification in
the official gazette, constitute one or more
National Tribunals for the adjudication of
Industrial Disputes in Matters of National
Matters which are of a nature such that
industries in more than one state are likely to be
interested in, or are affected by the outcome
of the dispute.
It is the duty of the National Tribunal to hold its
proceedings expeditiously and to submit its
report to the central government within the