Submitted to :
Mr. Sumit Sharma
Presented By :
Akshay Mistri, Rahul Kumar
Tarun Sharma, Zubin Rizwan
Section : 6MAE3Y
• Simple Vapour Absorption System
• Practical Vapour Absorption System
• C.O.P of Ideal Vapour Absorption System
• Properties of Ideal Refrigerant and Absorbent
• Properties of Ideal Refrigerant-Absorbent combination
• Advantages of Absorption system over Compression system
• Domestic Electrolux Refrigerator
• Principle & Working of Domestic Electrolux refrigerator
• Advantages & Disadvantages of Domestic Electrolux Refrigerator
• It is a heat operated system.
• It is quite similar to Vapour Compression systems. Condensation and
evaporation takes place at two different pressure levels to achieve refrigeration.
• The main motive is to raise the temperature of the refrigerant from evaporator
pressure to condenser pressure.
• Here refrigerant is dissolved in inert liquid in absorber and pumped to
• After raising pressure of refrigerant it is separated from solution by heating.
• After condensation in condenser, refrigerant is throttled by expansion valve and
then it evaporates in evaporator providing the refrigeration effect.
SIMPLE VAPOUR ABSORPTION SYSTEM
• Ammonia vapour from evaporator is
absorbed by water in absorber.
Condensation heat released is absorbed by
• After being pumped to generator, heat is
supplied which gives ammonia vapour.
Weak sol. sent back to absorber.
• High pressure vapour is condensed to high
pressure liquid ammonia in condenser.
• Liquid ammonia is throttled by expansion
valve, and then it evaporates absorbing heat
Simple Vapour Absorption System
PRACTICAL VAPOUR ABSORPTION
Practical Vapour Absorption System
COEFFICIENT OF PERFORMANCE OF
IDEAL ABSORPTION SYSTEM
C.O.P OF IDEAL ABSORPTION
Various energy transfers in VARS
PROPERTIES OF IDEAL REFRIGERANT
Properties of ideal refrigerant :
• It should boil b/w 2˚-10 ˚C and condense at 40
˚C or above. (pressure around atmospheric)
• Large latent heat of vaporization.
• High critical temperature.
• Low specific heat.
• Stability in complete cycle.
Properties of ideal absorbent :
• Greater affinity for refrigerant.
• Heat released during absorption of refrigerant
should be minimum.
• High boiling point.
• Low specific heat.
• Chemical stability.
PROPERTIES OF IDEAL REFRIGERANT-
• Refrigerant should have high affinity for absorber at low temperatures & less affinity
at high temperatures.
• Mixture should have low specific heat and viscosity.
• It should be non-corrosive.
• Large difference in normal boiling points of refrigerant and absorbent.
Commonly used combinations in air-
conditioning applications :
• Lithium-bromide water
ADVANTAGES OF ABSORPTION SYSTEM
OVER COMPRESSION SYSTEM
• No moving part except pump-motor, which is comparatively smaller than
• Quiet in operation, low maintenance cost.
• Can work only with thermal energy as an input.
• Can be built for huge working capacities. (even for above 1000 TR)
• Can be operated at designed C.O.P’s or even at part loads by varying generator
• Space and Auto. control requirements favour absorption system.
• Developed from an invention by “Carl
Munters” & “Baltzer Von Platen”.
• Also known as “Three-fluid absorption
system” and “Munter’s Platen System”.
• Three fluids used are ammonia, hydrogen
Domestic Electrolux Refrigerator
PRINCIPLE & WORKING OF
Working cycle of Electrolux Refrigerator
POINTS WORTH NOTING
(FOR ELECTROLUX REF.)
• Complete cycle is carried out entirely
by flow of gravity of refrigerant.
• With this type of machine, efficiency is
not important since the energy input is
• Due to low C.O.P, it cannot be used
for industrial purposes.
ROLE OF HYDROGEN
• Helps in maintaining uniform total pressure
throughout the system.
• Permits the refrigerant to evaporate at low
temperature in evaporator, corresponding to
its partial pressure.
• No pump/compressor required.
• No mechanical troubles, low
• No lubrication required, no wear-tear.
• Completely leak proof.
• Easy control, only by heat input.
• More complicated in construction and
• Low C.O.P.
• If spoiled once, cannot be repaired and
has to be replaced fully.
• Er. R.K. Rajput.Vapour Absorption Refrigeration Systems. Feb 03, 2014, “A textbook of
Refrigeration & Air-conditioning-2013”.
• Prof. M. Ramgopal. Various energy transfers in VARS (image). Feb 02, 2014, from
• Prof. R. C. Arora. Domestic Electrolux Refrigerator (image). Feb 02, 2014, from