Successfully reported this slideshow.

Personality lecture

3,596 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Personality lecture

  1. 1. Personality• What is Personality? – The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others – Measurable traits that a person exhibits. – An enduring combination of motives, emotions, values, interests, attitudes and competencies.
  2. 2. What is Personality? Personality The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others; measurable traits a person exhibits. PersonalityPersonality Traits DeterminantsEnduring characteristics • Hereditythat describe an • Environmentindividual’s behavior. • Situation
  3. 3. Determinants of Personality• Heredity/ Physiological Determinants – physical differences, IQ, potential, temperament• Environment – culture, norms of family, friends & social groups, other influences• Situation – in class vs. at a party – on-the-field/court vs. off-the-field/court
  4. 4. The Myers-Briggs Type IndicatorMyers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)A personality test that taps four characteristics andclassifies people into 1 of 16 personality types. Personality Types • Extroverted vs. Introverted (E or I) • Sensing vs. Intuitive (S or N) • Thinking vs. Feeling (T or F) • Judging vs. Perceiving (P or J) Score is a combination of all four (e.g., ENTJ)
  5. 5. Meyers-Briggs, ContinuedA Meyers-Briggs score – Can be a valuable too for self-awareness and career guidanceBUT – Should not be used as a selection tool because it has not been related to job performance!!!
  6. 6. The Big Five Model of Personality DimensionsExtroversionSociable, gregarious, and assertiveAgreeablenessGood-natured, cooperative, and trusting.ConscientiousnessResponsible, dependable, persistent, and organized.Emotional StabilityCalm, self-confident, secure under stress (positive), versusnervous, depressed, and insecure under stress (negative).Openness to ExperienceCurious, imaginative, artistic, and sensitive
  7. 7. Assess your own personality…with the major personality attributes influencing OB• Locus of control: internal…………………………….external• Machiavellianism low……………………………………high• Self-Esteem: low…………………………………….high• Self-Monitoring low…………………………………….high• Risk Taking low……………………………………..high• Type A Personality “B”………………………………………”A”
  8. 8. •Self EsteemIndividuals’ degree of liking or disliking themselves.•Locus of ControlThe degree to which people believe they aremasters of their own fate. •Internals (Internal locus of control) Individuals who believe that they control what happens to them. •Externals (External locus of control) Individuals who believe that what happens to them is controlled by outside forces such as luck or chance.
  9. 9. MachiavellianismMachiavellianism (Mach)Degree to which an individual is pragmatic,maintains emotional distance, and believesthat ends can justify means. Conditions Favoring High Machs • Direct interaction with others • Minimal rules and regulations • Emotions distract for others
  10. 10. Self-MonitoringSelf-MonitoringA personality trait that measuresan individual’s ability to adjusthis or her behavior to external,situational factors. High Self-Monitors • Receive better performance ratings • Likely to emerge as leaders • Show less commitment to their organizations
  11. 11. Risk-Taking• High Risk-taking Managers – Make quicker decisions – Use less information to make decisions – Operate in smaller and more entrepreneurial organizations• Low Risk-taking Managers – Are slower to make decisions – Require more information before making decisions – Exist in larger organizations with stable environments• Risk Propensity – Aligning managers’ risk-taking propensity to job requirements should be beneficial to organizations.
  12. 12. PersonalityType A’s Types1. are always moving, walking, and eating rapidly;2. feel impatient with the rate at which most events take place;3. strive to think or do two or more things at once;4. cannot cope with leisure time;5. are obsessed with numbers, measuring their success in terms of how many or how much of everything they acquire.Type B’s1. never suffer from a sense of time urgency with its accompanying impatience;2. feel no need to display or discuss either their achievements or accomplishments;3. play for fun and relaxation, rather than to exhibit their superiority at any cost;4. can relax without guilt.
  13. 13. Personality TypesProactive PersonalityIdentifies opportunities,shows initiative, takesaction, and perseveresuntil meaningful changeoccurs.Creates positive changein the environment,regardless or even inspite of constraints orobstacles.

×